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Title: Why ionizing radiation enhances surface wettability

Abstract

Radiation-Induced Surface Activation is an inherent phenomenon where surfaces that are exposed to gamma irradiation are observed to undergo an increase in wettability. This increase in wettability as a result of the ionizing radiation exposure has so far been demonstrated to have a pronounced impact on Leidenfrost temperature and two-phase fluid dynamics. Test results from previous experiments have shown that incorporation of this effect on heat transfer equipment design may increase the thermal-hydraulic margin leading to higher thermal efficiency. However, the mechanism behind the increased wettability is not clearly understood. In the present work, three different materials (Zircaloy-4, 316 stainless steel, and copper) were exposed at two different dose rates with use of two different gamma irradiation facilities. A detailed surface characterization on the post-irradiated samples is carried out to understand the changes in surface chemistry, wettability and surface morphology. It is observed from the experiments that the increase in wettability upon irradiation depended on the total dose and not on the dose rate. Moreover, localized oxidation and porosity induced by radiolysis was seen to be the predominant mechanism behind increased wettability which leads to improved Leidenfrost temperature.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1605721
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1776967
Report Number(s):
SAND-2020-2747J
Journal ID: ISSN 0169-4332; 684509
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Surface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 514; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0169-4332
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Gamma irradiation; Hydrophilicity; Wettability; Oxidation; Surface energy; Radiation-induced surface activation

Citation Formats

Seshadri, Arunkumar, Forrest, Eric C., and Shirvan, Koroush. Why ionizing radiation enhances surface wettability. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145935.
Seshadri, Arunkumar, Forrest, Eric C., & Shirvan, Koroush. Why ionizing radiation enhances surface wettability. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145935
Seshadri, Arunkumar, Forrest, Eric C., and Shirvan, Koroush. Fri . "Why ionizing radiation enhances surface wettability". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145935. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1605721.
@article{osti_1605721,
title = {Why ionizing radiation enhances surface wettability},
author = {Seshadri, Arunkumar and Forrest, Eric C. and Shirvan, Koroush},
abstractNote = {Radiation-Induced Surface Activation is an inherent phenomenon where surfaces that are exposed to gamma irradiation are observed to undergo an increase in wettability. This increase in wettability as a result of the ionizing radiation exposure has so far been demonstrated to have a pronounced impact on Leidenfrost temperature and two-phase fluid dynamics. Test results from previous experiments have shown that incorporation of this effect on heat transfer equipment design may increase the thermal-hydraulic margin leading to higher thermal efficiency. However, the mechanism behind the increased wettability is not clearly understood. In the present work, three different materials (Zircaloy-4, 316 stainless steel, and copper) were exposed at two different dose rates with use of two different gamma irradiation facilities. A detailed surface characterization on the post-irradiated samples is carried out to understand the changes in surface chemistry, wettability and surface morphology. It is observed from the experiments that the increase in wettability upon irradiation depended on the total dose and not on the dose rate. Moreover, localized oxidation and porosity induced by radiolysis was seen to be the predominant mechanism behind increased wettability which leads to improved Leidenfrost temperature.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.145935},
journal = {Applied Surface Science},
number = C,
volume = 514,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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Cited by: 2 works
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