skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on February 3, 2021

Title: Kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows in a gravel bed river corridor and their implications to solute migration

Abstract

A well-characterized field site along a major river corridor was used to investigate the dynamic pathways and impacts of subsurface hydrogeologic structures on kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows between river water and groundwater. A aqueous uranium (Uaq) plume exists at the site that discharges to the Columbia River. We performed temporally intensive monitoring of specific conductance (SpC) and Uaq concentrations within the plume at increasing distances from the river shoreline and at locations both within and outside a presumed subsurface pathway of lateral hydrologic exchange. Specific conductance and Uaq were utilized as in-situ tracers of hydrologic exchange and associated groundwater-surface water mixing. Monitoring data was collected for an approximate two year period during which seasonal river elevations varied by more than 2 m causing distinct events of river water intrusion and retreat from the near-shore aquifer, and large temporal variations in well-water analyte concentrations. Statistical clustering analysis was applied to identify well groupings exhibiting common time series behaviors. PFLOTRAN was implemented within a modeling domain of 3.3 x 1.9 km with dynamic flow boundary conditions and accurate subsurface topography for the basal aquitard underlying the aquifer. In-silico calculations of river water tracer behavior were performed to assess predominant flow directions andmore » velocities influenced by river stage variations and variable aquitard topography, and their collective influences on SpC and Uaq concentrations. We demonstrate complicated multidirectional flow behaviors at the kilometer scale resulting from hydrologic exchange and subsurface structure that influence plume dynamics and determine the overall system behavior.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1605551
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1598723
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-137616
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 2
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zachara, John M., Chen, Xingyuan, Song, Xuehang, Shuai, Pin, Murray, Christopher J., and Resch, Charles T. Kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows in a gravel bed river corridor and their implications to solute migration. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019WR025258.
Zachara, John M., Chen, Xingyuan, Song, Xuehang, Shuai, Pin, Murray, Christopher J., & Resch, Charles T. Kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows in a gravel bed river corridor and their implications to solute migration. United States. doi:10.1029/2019WR025258.
Zachara, John M., Chen, Xingyuan, Song, Xuehang, Shuai, Pin, Murray, Christopher J., and Resch, Charles T. Mon . "Kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows in a gravel bed river corridor and their implications to solute migration". United States. doi:10.1029/2019WR025258.
@article{osti_1605551,
title = {Kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows in a gravel bed river corridor and their implications to solute migration},
author = {Zachara, John M. and Chen, Xingyuan and Song, Xuehang and Shuai, Pin and Murray, Christopher J. and Resch, Charles T.},
abstractNote = {A well-characterized field site along a major river corridor was used to investigate the dynamic pathways and impacts of subsurface hydrogeologic structures on kilometer-scale hydrologic exchange flows between river water and groundwater. A aqueous uranium (Uaq) plume exists at the site that discharges to the Columbia River. We performed temporally intensive monitoring of specific conductance (SpC) and Uaq concentrations within the plume at increasing distances from the river shoreline and at locations both within and outside a presumed subsurface pathway of lateral hydrologic exchange. Specific conductance and Uaq were utilized as in-situ tracers of hydrologic exchange and associated groundwater-surface water mixing. Monitoring data was collected for an approximate two year period during which seasonal river elevations varied by more than 2 m causing distinct events of river water intrusion and retreat from the near-shore aquifer, and large temporal variations in well-water analyte concentrations. Statistical clustering analysis was applied to identify well groupings exhibiting common time series behaviors. PFLOTRAN was implemented within a modeling domain of 3.3 x 1.9 km with dynamic flow boundary conditions and accurate subsurface topography for the basal aquitard underlying the aquifer. In-silico calculations of river water tracer behavior were performed to assess predominant flow directions and velocities influenced by river stage variations and variable aquitard topography, and their collective influences on SpC and Uaq concentrations. We demonstrate complicated multidirectional flow behaviors at the kilometer scale resulting from hydrologic exchange and subsurface structure that influence plume dynamics and determine the overall system behavior.},
doi = {10.1029/2019WR025258},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 2,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on February 3, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Connectivity and biocomplexity in waterbodies of riverine floodplains
journal, April 2002


Hyporheic flow and transport processes: Mechanisms, models, and biogeochemical implications: HYPORHEIC FLOW AND TRANSPORT PROCESSES
journal, October 2014

  • Boano, F.; Harvey, J. W.; Marion, A.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 52, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2012RG000417

Ecology and management of the hyporheic zone: stream–groundwater interactions of running waters and their floodplains
journal, March 2010

  • Boulton, Andrew J.; Datry, Thibault; Kasahara, Tamao
  • Journal of the North American Benthological Society, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1899/08-017.1

The ecological significance of exchange processes between rivers and groundwater
journal, February 1997


Stream water infiltration, bank storage, and storage zone changes due to stream-stage fluctuations
journal, September 2003


Three-dimensional Bayesian geostatistical aquifer characterization at the Hanford 300 Area using tracer test data: INVERSION OF TRACER DATA USING MAD
journal, June 2012

  • Chen, Xingyuan; Murakami, Haruko; Hahn, Melanie S.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 48, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011WR010675

Lateral and longitudinal patterns within the stygoscape of an alluvial river corridor
journal, May 2008

  • Datry, Thibault; Scarsbrook, Mike; Larned, Scott
  • Fundamental and Applied Limnology / Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Vol. 171, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1127/1863-9135/2008/0171-0335

Multiscale effects of surface–subsurface exchange on stream water nutrient concentrations
journal, June 2001

  • Dent, C. Lisa; Grimm, Nancy B.; Fisher, Stuart G.
  • Journal of the North American Benthological Society, Vol. 20, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2307/1468313

Dynamics of hyporheic flow and heat transport across a bed-to-bank continuum in a large regulated river: HYPORHEIC FLOW AND HEAT TRANSPORT IN A LARGE RIVER
journal, March 2011

  • Gerecht, Katelyn E.; Cardenas, M. Bayani; Guswa, Andrew J.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 47, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010WR009794

Riparian biogeochemical hot moments induced by stream fluctuations: HYDROLOGICALLY DRIVEN RIPARIAN BUFFERING EFFECTS
journal, September 2012

  • Gu, Chuanhui; Anderson, William; Maggi, Federico
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 48, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011WR011720

Evaluating the performance of parallel subsurface simulators: An illustrative example with PFLOTRAN: Evaluating the Parallel Performance of Pflotran
journal, January 2014

  • Hammond, G. E.; Lichtner, P. C.; Mills, R. T.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 50, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2012WR013483

How Hydrologic Connectivity Regulates Water Quality in River Corridors
journal, October 2018

  • Harvey, Jud; Gomez‐Velez, Jesus; Schmadel, Noah
  • JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 55, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/1752-1688.12691

River corridor science: Hydrologic exchange and ecological consequences from bedforms to basins: RIVER CORRIDORS FROM BEDFORMS TO BASINS
journal, September 2015

  • Harvey, Jud; Gooseff, Michael
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 51, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015WR017617

Gravel-bed river floodplains are the ecological nexus of glaciated mountain landscapes
journal, June 2016

  • Hauer, F. Richard; Locke, Harvey; Dreitz, Victoria J.
  • Science Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1600026

Stage-dependent transient storage of phosphorus in alluvial floodplains
journal, March 2011

  • Heeren, Derek M.; Fox, Garey A.; Miller, Ronald B.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 25, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.8054

Scaling flow path processes to fluvial landscapes: An integrated field and model assessment of temperature and dissolved oxygen dynamics in a river-floodplain-aquifer system: SCALING FLOW PATHS TO FLOODPLAINS
journal, October 2012

  • Helton, Ashley M.; Poole, Geoffrey C.; Payn, Robert A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 117, Issue G4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JG002025

The impact of flooding on modelling salt transport processes to streams
journal, January 1998


Geomorphology, hydrology, and aquatic vegetation drive seasonal hyporheic flow patterns across a gravel-dominated floodplain
journal, January 2008

  • Jones, Krista L.; Poole, Geoffrey C.; Woessner, William W.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 22, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6810

Quantifying Bank Storage of Variably Saturated Aquifers
journal, July 2008


Spatiotemporal Responses of Groundwater Flow and Aquifer‐River Exchanges to Flood Events
journal, March 2018

  • Liang, Xiuyu; Zhan, Hongbin; Schilling, Keith
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 54, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017WR022046

A landscape perspective of surface-subsurface hydrological exchanges in river corridors
journal, April 2002


Heterogeneity in ground water-surface water interactions in the hyporheic zone of a salmonid spawning stream
journal, January 2003

  • Malcolm, I. A.; Soulsby, C.; Youngson, A. F.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 17, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.1156

Solute dynamics during bank storage flows and implications for chemical base flow separation: SOLUTE DYNAMICS DURING BANK STORAGE FLOW
journal, July 2010

  • McCallum, James L.; Cook, Peter G.; Brunner, Philip
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 46, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009WR008539

Biogeochemical Hot Spots and Hot Moments at the Interface of Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems
journal, June 2003


Linking groundwater – surface water exchange to food production and salmonid growth
journal, November 2016

  • Mejia, Francine H.; Baxter, Colden V.; Berntsen, Eric K.
  • Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 73, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2015-0535

Establishing a geochemical heterogeneity model for a contaminated vadose zone — Aquifer system
journal, October 2013


Stream hydrogeomorphology as a physical science basis for advances in stream ecology
journal, March 2010

  • Poole, Geoffrey C.
  • Journal of the North American Benthological Society, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1899/08-070.1

Multiscale geomorphic drivers of groundwater flow paths: subsurface hydrologic dynamics and hyporheic habitat diversity
journal, June 2006


A patch hierarchy approach to modeling surface and subsurface hydrology in complex flood-plain environments
journal, September 2004

  • Poole, G. C.; Stanford, J. A.; Running, S. W.
  • Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, Vol. 29, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/esp.1091

Impact of dam operations on hyporheic exchange in the riparian zone of a regulated river
journal, July 2009

  • Hucks Sawyer, Audrey; Bayani Cardenas, M.; Bomar, Ashleigh
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 23, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7324

Modelling hyporheic processes for regulated rivers under transient hydrological and hydrogeological conditions
journal, January 2015

  • Siergieiev, D.; Ehlert, L.; Reimann, T.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-19-329-2015

Use of electrical imaging and distributed temperature sensing methods to characterize surface water–groundwater exchange regulating uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area, Washington
journal, October 2010

  • Slater, Lee D.; Ntarlagiannis, Dimitrios; Day‐Lewis, Frederick D.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 46, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010WR009110

Drought Conditions Maximize the Impact of High‐Frequency Flow Variations on Thermal Regimes and Biogeochemical Function in the Hyporheic Zone
journal, October 2018

  • Song, Xuehang; Chen, Xingyuan; Stegen, James
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 54, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018WR022586

Interactions between groundwater and surface water: the state of the science
journal, January 2002


An Ecosystem Perspective of Alluvial Rivers: Connectivity and the Hyporheic Corridor
journal, March 1993

  • Stanford, Jack A.; Ward, J. V.
  • Journal of the North American Benthological Society, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.2307/1467685

Residence times and mixing of water in river banks: implications for recharge and groundwater–surface water exchange
journal, January 2014

  • Unland, N. P.; Cartwright, I.; Cendón, D. I.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 18, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-18-5109-2014

Dynamic river-groundwater exchange in the presence of a saline, semi-confined aquifer: The Dynamics of River-Groundwater Exchange in River Banks
journal, June 2015

  • Unland, N. P.; Cartwright, I.; Daly, E.
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 29, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10525

Landscape Influences on Ecosystem Function: Local and Routing Control of Oxygen Dynamics in a Floodplain Aquifer
journal, December 2013


River-Induced Flow Dynamics in Long-Screen Wells and Impact on Aqueous Samples
journal, November 2010


Influence of the hyporheic zone on the phosphorus dynamics of a large gravel-bed river, Garonne River, France
journal, June 2009

  • Vervier, Philippe; Bonvallet-Garay, Sonia; Sauvage, Sabine
  • Hydrological Processes, Vol. 23, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/hyp.7319

Research needs in regulated river ecology
journal, May 1993

  • Ward, J. V.; Stanford, J. A.
  • Regulated Rivers: Research & Management, Vol. 8, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1002/rrr.3450080123

Specification of Sediment Maintenance Flows for a Large Gravel-Bed River
journal, April 1996

  • Wilcock, Peter R.; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Matthews, W. V. Graham
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 32, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1029/96WR01627

Stream and Fluvial Plain Ground Water Interactions: Rescaling Hydrogeologic Thought
journal, May 2000


Groundwater–surface-water interactions: perspectives on the development of the science over the last 20 years
journal, March 2015

  • Wondzell, Steven M.
  • Freshwater Science, Vol. 34, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/679665

Persistence of uranium groundwater plumes: Contrasting mechanisms at two DOE sites in the groundwater–river interaction zone
journal, April 2013


ALGORITHM 659: implementing Sobol's quasirandom sequence generator
journal, March 1988

  • Bratley, Paul; Fox, Bennett L.
  • ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1145/42288.214372

Decomposition of the mean squared error and NSE performance criteria: Implications for improving hydrological modelling
journal, October 2009


Influence of aquifer and streambed heterogeneity on the distribution of groundwater discharge
journal, January 2009

  • Kalbus, E.; Schmidt, C.; Molson, J. W.
  • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 13, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/hess-13-69-2009

Runoff conditions in the upper Danube basin under an ensemble of climate change scenarios
journal, March 2012