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Title: Membrane-Free Zn/MnO 2 Flow Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage

Abstract

The traditional Zn/MnO 2 battery has attracted great interest due to its low cost, high safety, high output voltage, and environmental friendliness. However, it remains a big challenge to achieve long-term stability, mainly owing to the poor reversibility of the cathode reaction. Different from previous studies where the cathode redox reaction of MnO 2/MnOOH is in solid state with limited reversibility, here a new aqueous rechargeable Zn/MnO 2 flow battery is constructed with dissolution–precipitation reactions in both cathodes (Mn 2+/MnO 2) and anodes (Zn 2+/Zn), which allow mixing of anolyte and catholyte into only one electrolyte and remove the requirement for an ion selective membrane for cost reduction. Impressively, this new battery exhibits a high discharge voltage of ≈1.78 V, good rate capability (10C discharge), and excellent cycling stability (1000 cycles without decay) at the areal capacity ranging from 0.5 to 2 mAh cm -2. More importantly, this battery can be readily enlarged to a bench scale flow cell of 1.2 Ah with good capacity retention of 89.7% at the 500th cycle, displaying great potential for large-scale energy storage.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford University Stanford CA 94305 USA; CAS Key Laboratory of Nanosystem and Hierarchical FabricationCAS Center for Excellence in NanoscienceNational Center for Nanoscience and Technology Beijing 100190 P. R. China
  2. Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford University Stanford CA 94305 USA
  3. Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford University Stanford CA 94305 USA; Beijing Key Laboratory of Advanced Chemical Energy Storage Technologies and Materials Beijing 100191 P. R. China
  4. CAS Key Laboratory of Nanosystem and Hierarchical FabricationCAS Center for Excellence in NanoscienceNational Center for Nanoscience and Technology Beijing 100190 P. R. China
  5. Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford University Stanford CA 94305 USA; Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy SciencesSLAC National Accelerator Laboratory 2575 Sand Hill Road Menlo Park CA 94025 USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1605183
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1596386
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02‐76SF00515; 21722102; 51672053; 21303029; 2182087; 2016036; DE‐AC02‐76SF00515]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Energy Materials
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 9]; Journal ID: ISSN 1614-6832
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Li, Guodong, Chen, Wei, Zhang, Hao, Gong, Yongji, Shi, Feifei, Wang, Jiangyan, Zhang, Rufan, Chen, Guangxu, Jin, Yang, Wu, Tong, Tang, Zhiyong, and Cui, Yi. Membrane-Free Zn/MnO2 Flow Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1002/aenm.201902085.
Li, Guodong, Chen, Wei, Zhang, Hao, Gong, Yongji, Shi, Feifei, Wang, Jiangyan, Zhang, Rufan, Chen, Guangxu, Jin, Yang, Wu, Tong, Tang, Zhiyong, & Cui, Yi. Membrane-Free Zn/MnO2 Flow Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage. United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201902085.
Li, Guodong, Chen, Wei, Zhang, Hao, Gong, Yongji, Shi, Feifei, Wang, Jiangyan, Zhang, Rufan, Chen, Guangxu, Jin, Yang, Wu, Tong, Tang, Zhiyong, and Cui, Yi. Thu . "Membrane-Free Zn/MnO2 Flow Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage". United States. doi:10.1002/aenm.201902085.
@article{osti_1605183,
title = {Membrane-Free Zn/MnO2 Flow Battery for Large-Scale Energy Storage},
author = {Li, Guodong and Chen, Wei and Zhang, Hao and Gong, Yongji and Shi, Feifei and Wang, Jiangyan and Zhang, Rufan and Chen, Guangxu and Jin, Yang and Wu, Tong and Tang, Zhiyong and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {The traditional Zn/MnO2 battery has attracted great interest due to its low cost, high safety, high output voltage, and environmental friendliness. However, it remains a big challenge to achieve long-term stability, mainly owing to the poor reversibility of the cathode reaction. Different from previous studies where the cathode redox reaction of MnO2/MnOOH is in solid state with limited reversibility, here a new aqueous rechargeable Zn/MnO2 flow battery is constructed with dissolution–precipitation reactions in both cathodes (Mn2+/MnO2) and anodes (Zn2+/Zn), which allow mixing of anolyte and catholyte into only one electrolyte and remove the requirement for an ion selective membrane for cost reduction. Impressively, this new battery exhibits a high discharge voltage of ≈1.78 V, good rate capability (10C discharge), and excellent cycling stability (1000 cycles without decay) at the areal capacity ranging from 0.5 to 2 mAh cm-2. More importantly, this battery can be readily enlarged to a bench scale flow cell of 1.2 Ah with good capacity retention of 89.7% at the 500th cycle, displaying great potential for large-scale energy storage.},
doi = {10.1002/aenm.201902085},
journal = {Advanced Energy Materials},
number = [9],
volume = [10],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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