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Title: Ultrafine Pt Cluster and RuO{sub 2} Heterojunction Anode Catalysts Designed for Ultra-low Pt-Loading Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.

Abstract

Development of high-performance hydrogen oxidation catalysts with ultralow precious metal loading is critical to the development of next-generation anion-exchange membrane fuel cells. Here, a novel Ru-rich Pt-RuO2 heterojunction catalyst was synthesized via a solvothermal process followed by thermal treatment. The Pt-RuO2 catalyst has ultrafine Pt clusters and a heterojunction interface between Pt and RuO2, which facilitates high hydrogen oxidation activity while minimizing adverse adsorption of the phenyl group in the polymer electrolyte. The performance of a membrane electrode assembly employing the Pt-RuO2/C reached a peak power density of 0.77 W cm(-2) with an anode Pt loading of 25 mu g(Pt) cm(-2), achieving a specific power of 31 W mg(Pt)(-1) under H-2/O-2 conditions. The combined analysis of electrode performance and cost indicates that Pt-RuO2/C is one of the most promising catalysts that is approaching the U.S. DOE 2020 performance and cost targets for transportation applications.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - Office of Fuel Cell Technologies (FCTO); USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1605103
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1570487
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-06CH11357; 89233218CNA000001]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanoscale Horizons
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Wang, Rongyue, Li, Dongguo, Maurya, Sandip, Kim, Yu Seung, Wu, Yimin, Liu, Yuzi, Strmcnik, Dusan, Markovic, Nenad, and Stamenkovic, Vojislav. Ultrafine Pt Cluster and RuO{sub 2} Heterojunction Anode Catalysts Designed for Ultra-low Pt-Loading Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1039/c9nh00533a.
Wang, Rongyue, Li, Dongguo, Maurya, Sandip, Kim, Yu Seung, Wu, Yimin, Liu, Yuzi, Strmcnik, Dusan, Markovic, Nenad, & Stamenkovic, Vojislav. Ultrafine Pt Cluster and RuO{sub 2} Heterojunction Anode Catalysts Designed for Ultra-low Pt-Loading Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.. United States. doi:10.1039/c9nh00533a.
Wang, Rongyue, Li, Dongguo, Maurya, Sandip, Kim, Yu Seung, Wu, Yimin, Liu, Yuzi, Strmcnik, Dusan, Markovic, Nenad, and Stamenkovic, Vojislav. Sat . "Ultrafine Pt Cluster and RuO{sub 2} Heterojunction Anode Catalysts Designed for Ultra-low Pt-Loading Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.". United States. doi:10.1039/c9nh00533a.
@article{osti_1605103,
title = {Ultrafine Pt Cluster and RuO{sub 2} Heterojunction Anode Catalysts Designed for Ultra-low Pt-Loading Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.},
author = {Wang, Rongyue and Li, Dongguo and Maurya, Sandip and Kim, Yu Seung and Wu, Yimin and Liu, Yuzi and Strmcnik, Dusan and Markovic, Nenad and Stamenkovic, Vojislav},
abstractNote = {Development of high-performance hydrogen oxidation catalysts with ultralow precious metal loading is critical to the development of next-generation anion-exchange membrane fuel cells. Here, a novel Ru-rich Pt-RuO2 heterojunction catalyst was synthesized via a solvothermal process followed by thermal treatment. The Pt-RuO2 catalyst has ultrafine Pt clusters and a heterojunction interface between Pt and RuO2, which facilitates high hydrogen oxidation activity while minimizing adverse adsorption of the phenyl group in the polymer electrolyte. The performance of a membrane electrode assembly employing the Pt-RuO2/C reached a peak power density of 0.77 W cm(-2) with an anode Pt loading of 25 mu g(Pt) cm(-2), achieving a specific power of 31 W mg(Pt)(-1) under H-2/O-2 conditions. The combined analysis of electrode performance and cost indicates that Pt-RuO2/C is one of the most promising catalysts that is approaching the U.S. DOE 2020 performance and cost targets for transportation applications.},
doi = {10.1039/c9nh00533a},
journal = {Nanoscale Horizons},
number = [2],
volume = [5],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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