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Title: Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods

Abstract

Over the past few decades, detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) have gained increased attention due to their unique physicochemical properties. Various methods for preparation of ND suspensions have been introduced. This paper presents thermally annealed nanodiamonds dispersed via sonication and separated by centrifugation in deionized water and dimethylformamide in five weight concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 1 wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to study the thermal behavior of NDs. Crystallographic properties of air-annealed and dispersed NDs were examined by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanodiamond dispersions were analyzed by static light scattering (SLS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), ultra-small- and small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS/SAXS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). We report SLS and DLS give similar results of ND aggregates mean size between 61 and 73 nm, regardless of solvent type and nanoparticle concentration. For dispersions with increasing concentrations of NDs, neither increased aggregate size nor different kinetics of separation during sonication and centrifugation were observed. USAXS/SAXS provided the aggregates size $$(2R_g)$$ in the range from 57 to 65 nm and size of primary particles from 5.4 to 5.8 nm. HRTEM also showed presence of larger aggregates with tens of nanometers in size in both water and DMF dispersions, and size of primary particles ranging from 5.5 to 6 nm in very good agreement with SAXS.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of West Bohemia (Czech Republic)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
  3. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR), Prague (Czech Republic). Inst. of Chemical Process Fundamentals
  4. Univ. of Bremen (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic; European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
OSTI Identifier:
1604922
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nanoparticle Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1388-0764
Publisher:
Tsinghua University Press
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; nanodiamonds; nanodispersions; static light scattering; x-ray diffraction; dynamic light scattering; ultra-small-angle X-ray scattering; nanoscale instrumentation

Citation Formats

Kovářík, Tomáš, Bělský, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandová, Věra, Maas, Michael, Šutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, and Medlín, Rostislav. Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3.
Kovářík, Tomáš, Bělský, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandová, Věra, Maas, Michael, Šutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, & Medlín, Rostislav. Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3
Kovářík, Tomáš, Bělský, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandová, Věra, Maas, Michael, Šutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, and Medlín, Rostislav. Thu . "Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604922.
@article{osti_1604922,
title = {Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods},
author = {Kovářík, Tomáš and Bělský, Petr and Rieger, David and Ilavsky, Jan and Jandová, Věra and Maas, Michael and Šutta, Pavol and Pola, Michal and Medlín, Rostislav},
abstractNote = {Over the past few decades, detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) have gained increased attention due to their unique physicochemical properties. Various methods for preparation of ND suspensions have been introduced. This paper presents thermally annealed nanodiamonds dispersed via sonication and separated by centrifugation in deionized water and dimethylformamide in five weight concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 1 wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to study the thermal behavior of NDs. Crystallographic properties of air-annealed and dispersed NDs were examined by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanodiamond dispersions were analyzed by static light scattering (SLS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), ultra-small- and small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS/SAXS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). We report SLS and DLS give similar results of ND– aggregates mean size between 61 and 73 nm, regardless of solvent type and nanoparticle concentration. For dispersions with increasing concentrations of NDs, neither increased aggregate size nor different kinetics of separation during sonication and centrifugation were observed. USAXS/SAXS provided the aggregates size $(2R_g)$ in the range from 57 to 65 nm and size of primary particles from 5.4 to 5.8 nm. HRTEM also showed presence of larger aggregates with tens of nanometers in size in both water and DMF dispersions, and size of primary particles ranging from 5.5 to 6 nm in very good agreement with SAXS.},
doi = {10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3},
journal = {Journal of Nanoparticle Research},
number = 2,
volume = 22,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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