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Title: Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods

Abstract

Over the past few decades, detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) have gained increased attention due to their unique physicochemical properties. Various methods for preparation of ND suspensions have been introduced. This paper presents thermally annealed nanodiamonds dispersed via sonication and separated by centrifugation in deionized water and dimethylformamide in five weight concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 1 wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to study the thermal behavior of NDs. Crystallographic properties of air-annealed and dispersed NDs were examined by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanodiamond dispersions were analyzed by static light scattering (SLS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), ultra-small- and small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS/SAXS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). SLS and DLS give similar results of ND- aggregates mean size between 61 and 73 nm, regardless of solvent type and nanoparticle concentration. For dispersions with increasing concentrations of NDs, neither increased aggregate size nor different kinetics of separation during sonication and centrifugation were observed. USAXS/SAXS provided the aggregates size (2R(g)) in the range from 57 to 65 nm and size of primary particles from 5.4 to 5.8 nm. HRTEM also showed presence of larger aggregates with tens of nanometers in size in both water and DMFmore » dispersions, and size of primary particles ranging from 5.5 to 6 nm in very good agreement with SAXS.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Scientific User Facilities Division; European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
OSTI Identifier:
1604922
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-06CH11357]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nanoparticle Research
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 2]
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
nanodiamonds; nanodispersions; static light scattering; x-ray diffraction

Citation Formats

Kovarik, Tomas, Belsky, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandova, Vera, Maas, Michael, Sutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, and Medlin, Rotislav. Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3.
Kovarik, Tomas, Belsky, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandova, Vera, Maas, Michael, Sutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, & Medlin, Rotislav. Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods. United States. doi:10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3.
Kovarik, Tomas, Belsky, Petr, Rieger, David, Ilavsky, Jan, Jandova, Vera, Maas, Michael, Sutta, Pavol, Pola, Michal, and Medlin, Rotislav. Thu . "Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods". United States. doi:10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3.
@article{osti_1604922,
title = {Particle size analysis and characterization of nanodiamond dispersions in water and dimethylformamide by various scattering and diffraction methods},
author = {Kovarik, Tomas and Belsky, Petr and Rieger, David and Ilavsky, Jan and Jandova, Vera and Maas, Michael and Sutta, Pavol and Pola, Michal and Medlin, Rotislav},
abstractNote = {Over the past few decades, detonation nanodiamonds (NDs) have gained increased attention due to their unique physicochemical properties. Various methods for preparation of ND suspensions have been introduced. This paper presents thermally annealed nanodiamonds dispersed via sonication and separated by centrifugation in deionized water and dimethylformamide in five weight concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 1 wt%. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to study the thermal behavior of NDs. Crystallographic properties of air-annealed and dispersed NDs were examined by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD). Nanodiamond dispersions were analyzed by static light scattering (SLS), dynamic light scattering (DLS), ultra-small- and small-angle X-ray scattering (USAXS/SAXS), and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). SLS and DLS give similar results of ND- aggregates mean size between 61 and 73 nm, regardless of solvent type and nanoparticle concentration. For dispersions with increasing concentrations of NDs, neither increased aggregate size nor different kinetics of separation during sonication and centrifugation were observed. USAXS/SAXS provided the aggregates size (2R(g)) in the range from 57 to 65 nm and size of primary particles from 5.4 to 5.8 nm. HRTEM also showed presence of larger aggregates with tens of nanometers in size in both water and DMF dispersions, and size of primary particles ranging from 5.5 to 6 nm in very good agreement with SAXS.},
doi = {10.1007/s11051-020-4755-3},
journal = {Journal of Nanoparticle Research},
number = [2],
volume = [22],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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