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Title: Stable Low-Current Electrodeposition of α-MnO2 on Superaligned Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Energy Storage

Abstract

Metal oxide/carbonaceous nanomaterials are promising candidates for energy-storage applications. Yet, inhomogeneous mass and charge transfer across the electrode/electrolyte interface due to unstable metal oxide/carbonaceous nanomaterial synthesis limit their performance in supercapacitors. Here, it is shown that the above problems can be mitigated through stable low-current electrodeposition of MnO2 on superaligned electrospun carbon nanofibers (ECNFs). The key to this method is coupling a self-designed four steel poles collector for aligned ECNFs and a constant lowcurrent (40 μA) electrodeposition technique to form a uniform Na+-induced α-MnO2 film which proceeds by a time-dependent growth mechanism involving cluster-“kebab” structures and ending with a compact, uniform MnO2 film for high-performance energy storage.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of North Carolina at Greensboro, NC (United States)
  2. Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF); Southeastern Nanotechnology Infrastructure Corridor (SENIC); National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure (NNCI)
OSTI Identifier:
1604892
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1410597
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46430; ECCS‐1542174
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Small
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 14; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1613-6810
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; electrodeposition; electrospun carbon nanofibers; growth mechanisms; MnO2; supercapacitors

Citation Formats

Liu, Yiyang, Zeng, Zheng, Bloom, Brian, Waldeck, David H., and Wei, Jianjun. Stable Low-Current Electrodeposition of α-MnO2 on Superaligned Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Energy Storage. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/smll.201703237.
Liu, Yiyang, Zeng, Zheng, Bloom, Brian, Waldeck, David H., & Wei, Jianjun. Stable Low-Current Electrodeposition of α-MnO2 on Superaligned Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Energy Storage. United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201703237.
Liu, Yiyang, Zeng, Zheng, Bloom, Brian, Waldeck, David H., and Wei, Jianjun. Wed . "Stable Low-Current Electrodeposition of α-MnO2 on Superaligned Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Energy Storage". United States. doi:10.1002/smll.201703237. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604892.
@article{osti_1604892,
title = {Stable Low-Current Electrodeposition of α-MnO2 on Superaligned Electrospun Carbon Nanofibers for High-Performance Energy Storage},
author = {Liu, Yiyang and Zeng, Zheng and Bloom, Brian and Waldeck, David H. and Wei, Jianjun},
abstractNote = {Metal oxide/carbonaceous nanomaterials are promising candidates for energy-storage applications. Yet, inhomogeneous mass and charge transfer across the electrode/electrolyte interface due to unstable metal oxide/carbonaceous nanomaterial synthesis limit their performance in supercapacitors. Here, it is shown that the above problems can be mitigated through stable low-current electrodeposition of MnO2 on superaligned electrospun carbon nanofibers (ECNFs). The key to this method is coupling a self-designed four steel poles collector for aligned ECNFs and a constant lowcurrent (40 μA) electrodeposition technique to form a uniform Na+-induced α-MnO2 film which proceeds by a time-dependent growth mechanism involving cluster-“kebab” structures and ending with a compact, uniform MnO2 film for high-performance energy storage.},
doi = {10.1002/smll.201703237},
journal = {Small},
number = 3,
volume = 14,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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