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Title: Ellipticity of brightest cluster galaxies as tracer of halo orientation and weak-lensing mass bias

Abstract

ABSTRACT Weak-lensing measurements of the masses of galaxy clusters are commonly based on the assumption of spherically symmetric density profiles. Yet, the cold dark matter model predicts the shapes of dark matter haloes to be triaxial. Halo triaxiality, and the orientation of the major axis with respect to the line of sight, are expected to be the leading cause of intrinsic scatter in weak-lensing mass measurements. The shape of central cluster galaxies (brightest cluster galaxies; BCGs) is expected to follow the shape of the dark matter halo. Here we investigate the use of BCG ellipticity as predictor of the weak-lensing mass bias in individual clusters compared to the mean. Using weak-lensing masses $$M^{\rm WL}_{500}$$ from the Weighing the Giants project, and M500 derived from gas masses as low-scatter mass proxy, we find that, on average, the lensing masses of clusters with the roundest/most elliptical 25 per cent of BCGs are biased ∼20 per cent high/low compared to the average, as qualitatively predicted by the cold dark matter model. For cluster cosmology projects utilizing weak-lensing mass estimates, the shape of the BCG can thus contribute useful information on the effect of orientation bias in weak-lensing mass estimates as well as on cluster selection bias.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
  2. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  3. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Physics, Stanford University, 382 Via Pueblo Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
  4. Evergreen Valley High School, 3300 Quimby Road, San Jose, CA 95148, USA
  5. Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA
  6. School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1604747
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1573879
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0018053; AC02-76SF00515; GO8-19101A; NAS8-03060; NNX15AE12G]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 490; Journal Issue: 4]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Herbonnet, Ricardo, von der Linden, Anja, Allen, Steven W., Mantz, Adam B., Modumudi, Pranati, Morris, R. Glenn, and Kelly, Patrick L. Ellipticity of brightest cluster galaxies as tracer of halo orientation and weak-lensing mass bias. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2913.
Herbonnet, Ricardo, von der Linden, Anja, Allen, Steven W., Mantz, Adam B., Modumudi, Pranati, Morris, R. Glenn, & Kelly, Patrick L. Ellipticity of brightest cluster galaxies as tracer of halo orientation and weak-lensing mass bias. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2913.
Herbonnet, Ricardo, von der Linden, Anja, Allen, Steven W., Mantz, Adam B., Modumudi, Pranati, Morris, R. Glenn, and Kelly, Patrick L. Tue . "Ellipticity of brightest cluster galaxies as tracer of halo orientation and weak-lensing mass bias". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2913.
@article{osti_1604747,
title = {Ellipticity of brightest cluster galaxies as tracer of halo orientation and weak-lensing mass bias},
author = {Herbonnet, Ricardo and von der Linden, Anja and Allen, Steven W. and Mantz, Adam B. and Modumudi, Pranati and Morris, R. Glenn and Kelly, Patrick L.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT Weak-lensing measurements of the masses of galaxy clusters are commonly based on the assumption of spherically symmetric density profiles. Yet, the cold dark matter model predicts the shapes of dark matter haloes to be triaxial. Halo triaxiality, and the orientation of the major axis with respect to the line of sight, are expected to be the leading cause of intrinsic scatter in weak-lensing mass measurements. The shape of central cluster galaxies (brightest cluster galaxies; BCGs) is expected to follow the shape of the dark matter halo. Here we investigate the use of BCG ellipticity as predictor of the weak-lensing mass bias in individual clusters compared to the mean. Using weak-lensing masses $M^{\rm WL}_{500}$ from the Weighing the Giants project, and M500 derived from gas masses as low-scatter mass proxy, we find that, on average, the lensing masses of clusters with the roundest/most elliptical 25 per cent of BCGs are biased ∼20 per cent high/low compared to the average, as qualitatively predicted by the cold dark matter model. For cluster cosmology projects utilizing weak-lensing mass estimates, the shape of the BCG can thus contribute useful information on the effect of orientation bias in weak-lensing mass estimates as well as on cluster selection bias.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz2913},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [4],
volume = [490],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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