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Title: Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents

Abstract

Human health is affected by indoor air quality. One distinctive aspect of the indoor environment is its very large surface area that acts as a poorly characterized sink and source of gas-phase chemicals. In this work, air-surface interactions of 19 common indoor air contaminants with diverse properties and sources were monitored in a house using fast-response, on-line mass spectrometric and spectroscopic methods. Enhanced-ventilation experiments demonstrate that most of the contaminants reside in the surface reservoirs and not, as expected, in the gas phase. They participate in rapid air-surface partitioning that is much faster than air exchange. Phase distribution calculations are consistent with the observations when assuming simultaneous equilibria between air and large weakly polar and polar absorptive surface reservoirs, with acid-base dissociation in the polar reservoir. Chemical exposure assessments must account for the finding that contaminants that are fully volatile under outdoor air conditions instead behave as semivolatile compounds indoors.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada)
  2. Univ. of Toronto, ON (Canada); Bucknell Univ., Lewisburg, PA (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  5. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  6. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States); Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  7. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
  8. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1604739
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231l G-2016-7049; G-2016-7050; G-2017-9944
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2375-2548
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRON. POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGS. AND BIOL. MAT.

Citation Formats

Wang, Chen, Collins, Douglas B., Arata, Caleb, Goldstein, Allen H., Mattila, James M., Farmer, Delphine K., Ampollini, Laura, DeCarlo, Peter F., Novoselac, Atila, Vance, Marina E., Nazaroff, William W., and Abbatt, Jonathan P. D. Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aay8973.
Wang, Chen, Collins, Douglas B., Arata, Caleb, Goldstein, Allen H., Mattila, James M., Farmer, Delphine K., Ampollini, Laura, DeCarlo, Peter F., Novoselac, Atila, Vance, Marina E., Nazaroff, William W., & Abbatt, Jonathan P. D. Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay8973
Wang, Chen, Collins, Douglas B., Arata, Caleb, Goldstein, Allen H., Mattila, James M., Farmer, Delphine K., Ampollini, Laura, DeCarlo, Peter F., Novoselac, Atila, Vance, Marina E., Nazaroff, William W., and Abbatt, Jonathan P. D. Wed . "Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay8973. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604739.
@article{osti_1604739,
title = {Surface reservoirs dominate dynamic gas-surface partitioning of many indoor air constituents},
author = {Wang, Chen and Collins, Douglas B. and Arata, Caleb and Goldstein, Allen H. and Mattila, James M. and Farmer, Delphine K. and Ampollini, Laura and DeCarlo, Peter F. and Novoselac, Atila and Vance, Marina E. and Nazaroff, William W. and Abbatt, Jonathan P. D.},
abstractNote = {Human health is affected by indoor air quality. One distinctive aspect of the indoor environment is its very large surface area that acts as a poorly characterized sink and source of gas-phase chemicals. In this work, air-surface interactions of 19 common indoor air contaminants with diverse properties and sources were monitored in a house using fast-response, on-line mass spectrometric and spectroscopic methods. Enhanced-ventilation experiments demonstrate that most of the contaminants reside in the surface reservoirs and not, as expected, in the gas phase. They participate in rapid air-surface partitioning that is much faster than air exchange. Phase distribution calculations are consistent with the observations when assuming simultaneous equilibria between air and large weakly polar and polar absorptive surface reservoirs, with acid-base dissociation in the polar reservoir. Chemical exposure assessments must account for the finding that contaminants that are fully volatile under outdoor air conditions instead behave as semivolatile compounds indoors.},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.aay8973},
journal = {Science Advances},
number = 8,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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