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Title: Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser

Abstract

Attosecond pulses are central to the investigation of valence- and core-electron dynamics on their natural timescales1,2,3. The reproducible generation and characterization of attosecond waveforms has been demonstrated so far only through the process of high-order harmonic generation4,5,6,7. Several methods for shaping attosecond waveforms have been proposed, including the use of metallic filters8,9, multilayer mirrors10 and manipulation of the driving field11. However, none of these approaches allows the flexible manipulation of the temporal characteristics of the attosecond waveforms, and they suffer from the low conversion efficiency of the high-order harmonic generation process. Free-electron lasers, by contrast, deliver femtosecond, extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray pulses with energies ranging from tens of microjoules to a few millijoules12,13. Recent experiments have shown that they can generate subfemtosecond spikes, but with temporal characteristics that change shot-to-shot14,15,16. Here we report reproducible generation of high-energy (microjoule level) attosecond waveforms using a seeded free-electron laser17. We demonstrate amplitude and phase manipulation of the harmonic components of an attosecond pulse train in combination with an approach for its temporal reconstruction. The results presented here open the way to performing attosecond time-resolved experiments with free-electron lasers.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1604577
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-76SF00515]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature (London)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Nature (London); Journal Volume: 578; Journal Issue: 7795]; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-0836
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Maroju, Praveen Kumar, Grazioli, Cesare, Di Fraia, Michele, Moioli, Matteo, Ertel, Dominik, Ahmadi, Hamed, Plekan, Oksana, Finetti, Paola, Allaria, Enrico, Giannessi, Luca, De Ninno, Giovanni, Spezzani, Carlo, Penco, Giuseppe, Spampinati, Simone, Demidovich, Alexander, Danailov, Miltcho B., Borghes, Roberto, Kourousias, George, Sanches Dos Reis, Carlos Eduardo, Billé, Fulvio, Lutman, Alberto A., Squibb, Richard J., Feifel, Raimund, Carpeggiani, Paolo, Reduzzi, Maurizio, Mazza, Tommaso, Meyer, Michael, Bengtsson, Samuel, Ibrakovic, Neven, Simpson, Emma Rose, Mauritsson, Johan, Csizmadia, Tamás, Dumergue, Mathieu, Kühn, Sergei, Nandiga Gopalakrishna, Harshitha, You, Daehyun, Ueda, Kiyoshi, Labeye, Marie, Bækhøj, Jens Egebjerg, Schafer, Kenneth J., Gryzlova, Elena V., Grum-Grzhimailo, Alexei N., Prince, Kevin C., Callegari, Carlo, and Sansone, Giuseppe. Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2005-6.
Maroju, Praveen Kumar, Grazioli, Cesare, Di Fraia, Michele, Moioli, Matteo, Ertel, Dominik, Ahmadi, Hamed, Plekan, Oksana, Finetti, Paola, Allaria, Enrico, Giannessi, Luca, De Ninno, Giovanni, Spezzani, Carlo, Penco, Giuseppe, Spampinati, Simone, Demidovich, Alexander, Danailov, Miltcho B., Borghes, Roberto, Kourousias, George, Sanches Dos Reis, Carlos Eduardo, Billé, Fulvio, Lutman, Alberto A., Squibb, Richard J., Feifel, Raimund, Carpeggiani, Paolo, Reduzzi, Maurizio, Mazza, Tommaso, Meyer, Michael, Bengtsson, Samuel, Ibrakovic, Neven, Simpson, Emma Rose, Mauritsson, Johan, Csizmadia, Tamás, Dumergue, Mathieu, Kühn, Sergei, Nandiga Gopalakrishna, Harshitha, You, Daehyun, Ueda, Kiyoshi, Labeye, Marie, Bækhøj, Jens Egebjerg, Schafer, Kenneth J., Gryzlova, Elena V., Grum-Grzhimailo, Alexei N., Prince, Kevin C., Callegari, Carlo, & Sansone, Giuseppe. Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser. United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2005-6.
Maroju, Praveen Kumar, Grazioli, Cesare, Di Fraia, Michele, Moioli, Matteo, Ertel, Dominik, Ahmadi, Hamed, Plekan, Oksana, Finetti, Paola, Allaria, Enrico, Giannessi, Luca, De Ninno, Giovanni, Spezzani, Carlo, Penco, Giuseppe, Spampinati, Simone, Demidovich, Alexander, Danailov, Miltcho B., Borghes, Roberto, Kourousias, George, Sanches Dos Reis, Carlos Eduardo, Billé, Fulvio, Lutman, Alberto A., Squibb, Richard J., Feifel, Raimund, Carpeggiani, Paolo, Reduzzi, Maurizio, Mazza, Tommaso, Meyer, Michael, Bengtsson, Samuel, Ibrakovic, Neven, Simpson, Emma Rose, Mauritsson, Johan, Csizmadia, Tamás, Dumergue, Mathieu, Kühn, Sergei, Nandiga Gopalakrishna, Harshitha, You, Daehyun, Ueda, Kiyoshi, Labeye, Marie, Bækhøj, Jens Egebjerg, Schafer, Kenneth J., Gryzlova, Elena V., Grum-Grzhimailo, Alexei N., Prince, Kevin C., Callegari, Carlo, and Sansone, Giuseppe. Sat . "Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser". United States. doi:10.1038/s41586-020-2005-6.
@article{osti_1604577,
title = {Attosecond pulse shaping using a seeded free-electron laser},
author = {Maroju, Praveen Kumar and Grazioli, Cesare and Di Fraia, Michele and Moioli, Matteo and Ertel, Dominik and Ahmadi, Hamed and Plekan, Oksana and Finetti, Paola and Allaria, Enrico and Giannessi, Luca and De Ninno, Giovanni and Spezzani, Carlo and Penco, Giuseppe and Spampinati, Simone and Demidovich, Alexander and Danailov, Miltcho B. and Borghes, Roberto and Kourousias, George and Sanches Dos Reis, Carlos Eduardo and Billé, Fulvio and Lutman, Alberto A. and Squibb, Richard J. and Feifel, Raimund and Carpeggiani, Paolo and Reduzzi, Maurizio and Mazza, Tommaso and Meyer, Michael and Bengtsson, Samuel and Ibrakovic, Neven and Simpson, Emma Rose and Mauritsson, Johan and Csizmadia, Tamás and Dumergue, Mathieu and Kühn, Sergei and Nandiga Gopalakrishna, Harshitha and You, Daehyun and Ueda, Kiyoshi and Labeye, Marie and Bækhøj, Jens Egebjerg and Schafer, Kenneth J. and Gryzlova, Elena V. and Grum-Grzhimailo, Alexei N. and Prince, Kevin C. and Callegari, Carlo and Sansone, Giuseppe},
abstractNote = {Attosecond pulses are central to the investigation of valence- and core-electron dynamics on their natural timescales1,2,3. The reproducible generation and characterization of attosecond waveforms has been demonstrated so far only through the process of high-order harmonic generation4,5,6,7. Several methods for shaping attosecond waveforms have been proposed, including the use of metallic filters8,9, multilayer mirrors10 and manipulation of the driving field11. However, none of these approaches allows the flexible manipulation of the temporal characteristics of the attosecond waveforms, and they suffer from the low conversion efficiency of the high-order harmonic generation process. Free-electron lasers, by contrast, deliver femtosecond, extreme-ultraviolet and X-ray pulses with energies ranging from tens of microjoules to a few millijoules12,13. Recent experiments have shown that they can generate subfemtosecond spikes, but with temporal characteristics that change shot-to-shot14,15,16. Here we report reproducible generation of high-energy (microjoule level) attosecond waveforms using a seeded free-electron laser17. We demonstrate amplitude and phase manipulation of the harmonic components of an attosecond pulse train in combination with an approach for its temporal reconstruction. The results presented here open the way to performing attosecond time-resolved experiments with free-electron lasers.},
doi = {10.1038/s41586-020-2005-6},
journal = {Nature (London)},
number = [7795],
volume = [578],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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