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Title: Density of NaAlSi2O6 Melt at High Pressure and Temperature Measured by In-Situ X-ray Microtomography

Abstract

In this study, the volumetric compression of jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) melt at high pressures was determined by three-dimensional volume imaging using the synchrotron-based X-ray microtomography technique in a rotation-anvil device. Combined with the sample mass, measured using a high-precision analytical balance prior to the high-pressure experiment, the density of jadeite melt was obtained at high pressures and high temperatures up to 4.8 GPa and 1955 K. The density data were fitted to a third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, resulting in a best-fit isothermal bulk modulus KT0 of $10.8$ $$^{+1.9}_{–5.3}$$ GPa and its pressure derivative K'T0 of $3.4$ $$^{+6.6}_{–0.4}$$. Comparison with data for silicate melts of various compositions from the literature shows that alkali-rich, polymerized melts are generally more compressible than alkali-poor, depolymerized ones. The high compressibility of jadeite melt at high pressures implies that polymerized sodium aluminosilicate melts, if generated by low-degree partial melting of mantle peridotite at ~250–400 km depth in the deep upper mantle, are likely denser than surrounding mantle materials, and thus gravitationally stable.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]
  1. Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)
  2. Southern Univ. of Science and Technology, Shenzhen (China)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1604212
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; EAR-1619964; 1620548; 41974098; EAR-1634415; FG02-94ER14466
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Minerals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; density; jadeite melt; equation of state; high pressure; X-ray microtomography

Citation Formats

Xu, Man, Jing, Zhicheng, Van Orman, James A., Yu, Tony, and Wang, Yanbin. Density of NaAlSi2O6 Melt at High Pressure and Temperature Measured by In-Situ X-ray Microtomography. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/min10020161.
Xu, Man, Jing, Zhicheng, Van Orman, James A., Yu, Tony, & Wang, Yanbin. Density of NaAlSi2O6 Melt at High Pressure and Temperature Measured by In-Situ X-ray Microtomography. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/min10020161
Xu, Man, Jing, Zhicheng, Van Orman, James A., Yu, Tony, and Wang, Yanbin. Wed . "Density of NaAlSi2O6 Melt at High Pressure and Temperature Measured by In-Situ X-ray Microtomography". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/min10020161. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604212.
@article{osti_1604212,
title = {Density of NaAlSi2O6 Melt at High Pressure and Temperature Measured by In-Situ X-ray Microtomography},
author = {Xu, Man and Jing, Zhicheng and Van Orman, James A. and Yu, Tony and Wang, Yanbin},
abstractNote = {In this study, the volumetric compression of jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) melt at high pressures was determined by three-dimensional volume imaging using the synchrotron-based X-ray microtomography technique in a rotation-anvil device. Combined with the sample mass, measured using a high-precision analytical balance prior to the high-pressure experiment, the density of jadeite melt was obtained at high pressures and high temperatures up to 4.8 GPa and 1955 K. The density data were fitted to a third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, resulting in a best-fit isothermal bulk modulus KT0 of $10.8$ $^{+1.9}_{–5.3}$ GPa and its pressure derivative K'T0 of $3.4$ $^{+6.6}_{–0.4}$. Comparison with data for silicate melts of various compositions from the literature shows that alkali-rich, polymerized melts are generally more compressible than alkali-poor, depolymerized ones. The high compressibility of jadeite melt at high pressures implies that polymerized sodium aluminosilicate melts, if generated by low-degree partial melting of mantle peridotite at ~250–400 km depth in the deep upper mantle, are likely denser than surrounding mantle materials, and thus gravitationally stable.},
doi = {10.3390/min10020161},
journal = {Minerals},
number = 2,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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