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Title: The chemical compositions of accreted and in situ galactic globular clusters according to SDSS/APOGEE

Abstract

ABSTRACT Studies of the kinematics and chemical compositions of Galactic globular clusters (GCs) enable the reconstruction of the history of star formation, chemical evolution, and mass assembly of the Galaxy. Using the latest data release (DR16) of the SDSS/APOGEE survey, we identify 3090 stars associated with 46 GCs. Using a previously defined kinematic association, we break the sample down into eight separate groups and examine how the kinematics-based classification maps into chemical composition space, considering only α (mostly Si and Mg) elements and Fe. Our results show that (i) the loci of both in situ and accreted subgroups in chemical space match those of their field counterparts; (ii) GCs from different individual accreted subgroups occupy the same locus in chemical space. This could either mean that they share a similar origin or that they are associated with distinct satellites which underwent similar chemical enrichment histories; (iii) the chemical compositions of the GCs associated with the low orbital energy subgroup defined by Massari and collaborators is broadly consistent with an in situ origin. However, at the low-metallicity end, the distinction between accreted and in situ populations is blurred; (iv) regarding the status of GCs whose origin is ambiguous, we conclude the following: the positionmore » in Si–Fe plane suggests an in situ origin for Liller 1 and a likely accreted origin for NGC 5904 and NGC 6388. The case of NGC 288 is unclear, as its orbital properties suggest an accretion origin, its chemical composition suggests it may have formed in situ.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [14];  [15];  [16]; ORCiD logo [17];  [18]
  1. Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK
  2. Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, 146 Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L3 5RF, UK, School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
  3. Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
  4. Instituto de Astronomía y Ciencias Planetarias, Universidad de Atacama, Copayapu 485, Copiapó, Chile
  5. Department of Physics & Astronomy, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA
  6. Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL), E-38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
  7. Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile, Departamento de Astronomía, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Serena. Av. Juan Cisternas 1200, La Serena, Chile
  8. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA, Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
  9. Materials Science and Applied Mathematics, Malmö University, SE-205 06 Malmö, Sweden, Lund Observatory, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund University, Box 43, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
  10. Instituto de Astronomía y Ciencias Planetarias, Universidad de Atacama, Copayapu 485, Copiapó, Chile, Instituto de Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuna Mackenna 4860, 782-0436 Macul, Santiago, Chile
  11. Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4325, USA
  12. Gothard Astrophysical Observatory, ELTE Eötvös Loránd University, 9700 Szombathely, Szent Imre H. st. 112, Hungary, MTA-ELTE Exoplanet Research Group, 9700 Szombathely, Szent Imre H. st. 112, Hungary
  13. Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Católica del Norte, Av. Angamos 0610, Antofagasta, Chile
  14. Department of Physics & Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
  15. Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Serena, Cisternas 1200, La Serena, Chile
  16. Centro de Astronomía (CITEVA), Universidad de Antofagasta, Avenida Angamos 601, Antofagasta 1270300, Chile
  17. Centre for Astrophysics Research, School of Physics, Astronomy and Mathematics, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
  18. Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1604119
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 493 Journal Issue: 3]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Horta, Danny, Schiavon, Ricardo P., Mackereth, J. Ted, Beers, Timothy C., Fernández-Trincado, José G., Frinchaboy, Peter M., García-Hernández, D. A., Geisler, Doug, Hasselquist, Sten, Jönsson, Henrik, Lane, Richard R., Majewski, Steven R., Mészáros, Szabolcs, Bidin, Christian Moni, Nataf, David M., Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, Nitschelm, Christian, Vargas-González, J., and Zasowski, Gail. The chemical compositions of accreted and in situ galactic globular clusters according to SDSS/APOGEE. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa478.
Horta, Danny, Schiavon, Ricardo P., Mackereth, J. Ted, Beers, Timothy C., Fernández-Trincado, José G., Frinchaboy, Peter M., García-Hernández, D. A., Geisler, Doug, Hasselquist, Sten, Jönsson, Henrik, Lane, Richard R., Majewski, Steven R., Mészáros, Szabolcs, Bidin, Christian Moni, Nataf, David M., Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, Nitschelm, Christian, Vargas-González, J., & Zasowski, Gail. The chemical compositions of accreted and in situ galactic globular clusters according to SDSS/APOGEE. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa478.
Horta, Danny, Schiavon, Ricardo P., Mackereth, J. Ted, Beers, Timothy C., Fernández-Trincado, José G., Frinchaboy, Peter M., García-Hernández, D. A., Geisler, Doug, Hasselquist, Sten, Jönsson, Henrik, Lane, Richard R., Majewski, Steven R., Mészáros, Szabolcs, Bidin, Christian Moni, Nataf, David M., Roman-Lopes, Alexandre, Nitschelm, Christian, Vargas-González, J., and Zasowski, Gail. Tue . "The chemical compositions of accreted and in situ galactic globular clusters according to SDSS/APOGEE". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa478.
@article{osti_1604119,
title = {The chemical compositions of accreted and in situ galactic globular clusters according to SDSS/APOGEE},
author = {Horta, Danny and Schiavon, Ricardo P. and Mackereth, J. Ted and Beers, Timothy C. and Fernández-Trincado, José G. and Frinchaboy, Peter M. and García-Hernández, D. A. and Geisler, Doug and Hasselquist, Sten and Jönsson, Henrik and Lane, Richard R. and Majewski, Steven R. and Mészáros, Szabolcs and Bidin, Christian Moni and Nataf, David M. and Roman-Lopes, Alexandre and Nitschelm, Christian and Vargas-González, J. and Zasowski, Gail},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT Studies of the kinematics and chemical compositions of Galactic globular clusters (GCs) enable the reconstruction of the history of star formation, chemical evolution, and mass assembly of the Galaxy. Using the latest data release (DR16) of the SDSS/APOGEE survey, we identify 3090 stars associated with 46 GCs. Using a previously defined kinematic association, we break the sample down into eight separate groups and examine how the kinematics-based classification maps into chemical composition space, considering only α (mostly Si and Mg) elements and Fe. Our results show that (i) the loci of both in situ and accreted subgroups in chemical space match those of their field counterparts; (ii) GCs from different individual accreted subgroups occupy the same locus in chemical space. This could either mean that they share a similar origin or that they are associated with distinct satellites which underwent similar chemical enrichment histories; (iii) the chemical compositions of the GCs associated with the low orbital energy subgroup defined by Massari and collaborators is broadly consistent with an in situ origin. However, at the low-metallicity end, the distinction between accreted and in situ populations is blurred; (iv) regarding the status of GCs whose origin is ambiguous, we conclude the following: the position in Si–Fe plane suggests an in situ origin for Liller 1 and a likely accreted origin for NGC 5904 and NGC 6388. The case of NGC 288 is unclear, as its orbital properties suggest an accretion origin, its chemical composition suggests it may have formed in situ.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/staa478},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [3],
volume = [493],
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa478

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