skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Implementation of a Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometer diagnostic platform for the OMEGA EP laser

Abstract

A Talbot–Lau X-ray Deflectometer (TXD) was implemented in the OMEGA EP laser facility to characterize the evolution of an irradiated foil ablation front by mapping electron densities >1022 cm-3 by means of Moiré deflectometry. The experiment used a short-pulse laser (30–100 J, 10 ps) and a foil copper target as an x-ray backlighter source. In the first experimental tests performed to benchmark the diagnostic platform, grating survival was demonstrated and x-ray backlighter laser parameters that deliver Moiré images were described. Finally, the necessary modifications to accurately probe the ablation front through TXD using the EP-TXD diagnostic platform are discussed.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [7];  [2]
  1. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  2. Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States). Lab. for Laser Energetics
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  4. Microworks GmbH, Karlsruhe (Germany)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  7. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1604067
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1650622
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-28670
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003882; NA0002955; NA0003526; NA0002956; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Gratings; interferometry; x-rays; electronic noise; computer simulation; Bremsstrahlung; lasers; high energy density physics; Moire deflectometer

Citation Formats

Valdivia, M. P., Stutman, D., Stoeckl, C., Mileham, C., Zou, J., Muller, S., Kaiser, K., Sorce, C., Keiter, P. A., Fein, J. R., Trantham, M., Drake, R. P., and Regan, S. P. Implementation of a Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometer diagnostic platform for the OMEGA EP laser. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5123919.
Valdivia, M. P., Stutman, D., Stoeckl, C., Mileham, C., Zou, J., Muller, S., Kaiser, K., Sorce, C., Keiter, P. A., Fein, J. R., Trantham, M., Drake, R. P., & Regan, S. P. Implementation of a Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometer diagnostic platform for the OMEGA EP laser. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5123919
Valdivia, M. P., Stutman, D., Stoeckl, C., Mileham, C., Zou, J., Muller, S., Kaiser, K., Sorce, C., Keiter, P. A., Fein, J. R., Trantham, M., Drake, R. P., and Regan, S. P. Wed . "Implementation of a Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometer diagnostic platform for the OMEGA EP laser". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5123919. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1604067.
@article{osti_1604067,
title = {Implementation of a Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometer diagnostic platform for the OMEGA EP laser},
author = {Valdivia, M. P. and Stutman, D. and Stoeckl, C. and Mileham, C. and Zou, J. and Muller, S. and Kaiser, K. and Sorce, C. and Keiter, P. A. and Fein, J. R. and Trantham, M. and Drake, R. P. and Regan, S. P.},
abstractNote = {A Talbot–Lau X-ray Deflectometer (TXD) was implemented in the OMEGA EP laser facility to characterize the evolution of an irradiated foil ablation front by mapping electron densities >1022 cm-3 by means of Moiré deflectometry. The experiment used a short-pulse laser (30–100 J, 10 ps) and a foil copper target as an x-ray backlighter source. In the first experimental tests performed to benchmark the diagnostic platform, grating survival was demonstrated and x-ray backlighter laser parameters that deliver Moiré images were described. Finally, the necessary modifications to accurately probe the ablation front through TXD using the EP-TXD diagnostic platform are discussed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5123919},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 2,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Talbot-Lau x-ray interferometry for high energy density plasma diagnostic
journal, November 2011

  • Stutman, D.; Finkenthal, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3660808

Refraction-enhanced x-ray radiography for density profile measurements at CH/Be interface
journal, September 2011


X-ray Moiré deflectometry using synthetic reference images
journal, January 2015

  • Stutman, Dan; Valdivia, Maria Pia; Finkenthal, Michael
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 54, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1364/ao.54.005956

Multicontrast x-ray computed tomography imaging using Talbot-Lau interferometry without phase stepping: Single-shot phase contrast CT
journal, December 2011

  • Bevins, Nicholas; Zambelli, Joseph; Li, Ke
  • Medical Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1118/1.3672163

Time-resolved K α spectroscopy measurements of hot-electron equilibration dynamics in thin-foil solid targets: collisional and collective effects
journal, September 2015

  • Nilson, P. M.; Solodov, A. A.; Davies, J. R.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/48/22/224001

Realization of optical carpets in the Talbot and Talbot-Lau configurations
journal, January 2009

  • Case, William B.; Tomandl, Mathias; Deachapunya, Sarayut
  • Optics Express, Vol. 17, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.17.020966

Phase retrieval and differential phase-contrast imaging with low-brilliance X-ray sources
journal, March 2006

  • Pfeiffer, Franz; Weitkamp, Timm; Bunk, Oliver
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 2, Issue 4, p. 258-261
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys265

Mitigation of hot electrons from laser-plasma instabilities in high-Z, highly ionized plasmas
journal, March 2017

  • Fein, J. R.; Holloway, J. P.; Trantham, M. R.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4978625

Lau effect and coherence theory
journal, October 1979


The Lau effect (a diffraction experiment with incoherent illumination)
journal, March 1979


The role of hot electron refluxing in laser-generated K-alpha sources
journal, October 2010

  • Neumayer, P.; Aurand, B.; Basko, M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3486520

Application of imaging plates to x-ray imaging and spectroscopy in laser plasma experiments (invited)
journal, October 2006

  • Izumi, N.; Snavely, R.; Gregori, G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 77, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2351924

Structure quality in deep X-ray lithography applying commercial polyimide-based masks
journal, June 2006

  • Achenbach, Sven; Boerner, Martin; Kinuta, Seichin
  • Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 13, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00542-006-0223-y

High-intensity laser-plasma interactions in the refluxing limit
journal, May 2008

  • Nilson, P. M.; Theobald, W.; Myatt, J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2889449

High-energy x-ray backlighter spectrum measurements using calibrated image plates
journal, February 2011

  • Maddox, B. R.; Park, H. S.; Remington, B. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3531979

X-ray backlighter requirements for refraction-based electron density diagnostics through Talbot-Lau deflectometry
journal, October 2018

  • Valdivia, M. P.; Veloso, F.; Stutman, D.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 89, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5039342

Talbot Interferometer for Radial and Lateral Derivatives
journal, January 1972


Hard x-ray radiography for density measurement in shock compressed matter
journal, June 2008

  • Ravasio, A.; Koenig, M.; Le Pape, S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2928156

Sensitivity of X-ray Phase Imaging Based on Talbot Interferometry
journal, October 2008

  • Momose, Atsushi; Yashiro, Wataru; Takeda, Yoshihiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1143/jjap.47.8077

An evaluation of high energy bremsstrahlung background in point-projection x-ray radiography experiments
journal, October 2012

  • Krauland, C. M.; Jarrott, L. C.; Drake, R. P.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4738649

Partially coherent diffraction effect between Lau and Talbot effects
journal, January 1988


Moiré deflectometry using the Talbot-Lau interferometer as refraction diagnostic for High Energy Density plasmas at energies below 10 keV
journal, July 2014

  • Valdivia, M. P.; Stutman, D.; Finkenthal, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4885467

XWFP: an x-ray wavefront propagation software package for the IDL computer language
conference, October 2004


High-resolution 17–75keV backlighters for high energy density experiments
journal, July 2008

  • Park, H. -S.; Maddox, B. R.; Giraldez, E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2957918

High-intensity laser-plasma interaction with wedge-shaped-cavity targets
journal, October 2010

  • Theobald, W.; Ovchinnikov, V.; Ivancic, S.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3484217

LXXVI. Facts relating to optical science. No. IV
journal, December 1836

  • Talbot, H. F.
  • The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Vol. 9, Issue 56
  • DOI: 10.1080/14786443608649032

From ICF to laboratory astrophysics: ablative and classical Rayleigh–Taylor instability experiments in turbulent-like regimes
journal, December 2018


Scaling hot-electron generation to long-pulse, high-intensity laser–solid interactions
journal, May 2011

  • Nilson, P. M.; Solodov, A. A.; Myatt, J. F.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3560569

High-intensity laser interactions with mass-limited solid targets and implications for fast-ignition experiments on OMEGA EP
journal, May 2007

  • Myatt, J.; Theobald, W.; Delettrez, J. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 14, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2472371

Phase Tomography by X-ray Talbot Interferometry for Biological Imaging
journal, June 2006

  • Momose, Atsushi; Yashiro, Wataru; Takeda, Yoshihiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 45, Issue 6A, p. 5254-5262
  • DOI: 10.1143/jjap.45.5254

High-energy Kα radiography using high-intensity, short-pulse lasers
journal, May 2006

  • Park, H. -S.; Chambers, D. M.; Chung, H. -K.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 13, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2178775

Hydrodynamic expansion of exploding‐foil targets irradiated by 0.53 μm laser light
journal, May 1989

  • Drake, R. P.; Phillion, D. W.; Estabrook, Kent
  • Physics of Fluids B: Plasma Physics, Vol. 1, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.858979

Crash: a Block-Adaptive-Mesh code for Radiative Shock Hydrodynamics—Implementation and Verification
journal, May 2011

  • van der Holst, B.; Tóth, G.; Sokolov, I. V.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 194, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/194/2/23

The fractional Talbot effect in differential x-ray phase-contrast imaging for extended and polychromatic x-ray sources
journal, October 2008


Electron Density Measurements of High Density Plasmas Using Soft X-Ray Laser Interferometry
journal, May 1995


Talbot–Lau x-ray deflectometry phase-retrieval methods for electron density diagnostics in high-energy density experiments
journal, January 2018

  • Valdivia, Maria Pia; Stutman, Dan; Stoeckl, Christian
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 57, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1364/ao.57.000138

Talbot-Lau based Moiré deflectometry with non-coherent sources as potential High Energy Density plasma diagnostic
journal, October 2013

  • Valdivia, M. P.; Stutman, D.; Finkenthal, M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 114, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4827186

Measurements of electron density profiles using an angular filter refractometer
journal, May 2014

  • Haberberger, D.; Ivancic, S.; Hu, S. X.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4873899

A Talbot–Lau X-Ray Deflectometer as a High-Energy Density Plasma Diagnostic
journal, September 2016

  • Valdivia, Maria Pia; Stutman, Dan; Stoeckl, Christian
  • IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 44, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1109/tps.2016.2552038

Scaling Hot-Electron Generation to High-Power, Kilojoule-Class Laser-Solid Interactions
journal, December 2010


Phase-contrast imaging of weakly absorbing materials using hard X-rays
journal, February 1995

  • Davis, T. J.; Gao, D.; Gureyev, T. E.
  • Nature, Vol. 373, Issue 6515
  • DOI: 10.1038/373595a0

Demonstration of X-Ray Talbot Interferometry
journal, July 2003

  • Momose, Atsushi; Kawamoto, Shinya; Koyama, Ichiro
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 42, Issue Part 2, No. 7B
  • DOI: 10.1143/jjap.42.l866

Radiographic and spectroscopic studies of X-pinch plasma implosion dynamics and x-ray burst emission characteristics
journal, January 2001

  • Shelkovenko, T. A.; Sinars, D. B.; Pikuz, S. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 8, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1351553

An x-ray backlit Talbot-Lau deflectometer for high-energy-density electron density diagnostics
journal, February 2016

  • Valdivia, M. P.; Stutman, D.; Stoeckl, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4941441

Refraction-enhanced x-ray radiography for inertial confinement fusion and laser-produced plasma applications
journal, June 2009

  • Koch, Jeffrey A.; Landen, Otto L.; Kozioziemski, Bernard J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue 11, Article No. 113112
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3133092