skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: MPRAD: A Monte Carlo and ray-tracing code for the proton radiography in high-energy-density plasma experiments

Abstract

Proton radiography is used in various high-energy-density (HED) plasma experiments. In this paper, we describe a Monte Carlo and raytracing simulation tool called multimegaelectronvolt proton radiography (MPRAD) that can be used for modeling the deflection of proton beams in arbitrary three dimensional electromagnetic fields as well as the diffusion of the proton beams by Coulomb scattering and stopping power. Specifically, the Coulomb scattering and stopping power models in cold matter and fully ionized plasma are combined using interpolation. We discuss the application of MPRAD in a few setups relevant to HED plasma experiments where the plasma density can play a role in diffusing the proton beams and affecting the prediction and interpretation of the proton images. It is shown how the diffusion due to plasma density can affect the resolution and dynamical range of the proton radiography.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1603999
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1577914
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-27741
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; ACI-1548562
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Monte Carlo; ray-tracing; proton radiography

Citation Formats

Lu, Yingchao, Li, Hui, Flippo, Kirk Adler, Kelso, Kwyntero Van, Liao, Andy Sha, Li, Shengtai, and Liang, Edison P. MPRAD: A Monte Carlo and ray-tracing code for the proton radiography in high-energy-density plasma experiments. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5123392.
Lu, Yingchao, Li, Hui, Flippo, Kirk Adler, Kelso, Kwyntero Van, Liao, Andy Sha, Li, Shengtai, & Liang, Edison P. MPRAD: A Monte Carlo and ray-tracing code for the proton radiography in high-energy-density plasma experiments. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5123392
Lu, Yingchao, Li, Hui, Flippo, Kirk Adler, Kelso, Kwyntero Van, Liao, Andy Sha, Li, Shengtai, and Liang, Edison P. Tue . "MPRAD: A Monte Carlo and ray-tracing code for the proton radiography in high-energy-density plasma experiments". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5123392. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603999.
@article{osti_1603999,
title = {MPRAD: A Monte Carlo and ray-tracing code for the proton radiography in high-energy-density plasma experiments},
author = {Lu, Yingchao and Li, Hui and Flippo, Kirk Adler and Kelso, Kwyntero Van and Liao, Andy Sha and Li, Shengtai and Liang, Edison P.},
abstractNote = {Proton radiography is used in various high-energy-density (HED) plasma experiments. In this paper, we describe a Monte Carlo and raytracing simulation tool called multimegaelectronvolt proton radiography (MPRAD) that can be used for modeling the deflection of proton beams in arbitrary three dimensional electromagnetic fields as well as the diffusion of the proton beams by Coulomb scattering and stopping power. Specifically, the Coulomb scattering and stopping power models in cold matter and fully ionized plasma are combined using interpolation. We discuss the application of MPRAD in a few setups relevant to HED plasma experiments where the plasma density can play a role in diffusing the proton beams and affecting the prediction and interpretation of the proton images. It is shown how the diffusion due to plasma density can affect the resolution and dynamical range of the proton radiography.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5123392},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 12,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Report 49
journal, May 1993

  • Berger, M. J.; Inokuti, M.; Andersen, H. H.
  • Journal of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Vol. os25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/jicru/os25.2.report49

Magnetic Field Generation by the Rayleigh-Taylor Instability in Laser-Driven Planar Plastic Targets
journal, September 2012


FLASH: An Adaptive Mesh Hydrodynamics Code for Modeling Astrophysical Thermonuclear Flashes
journal, November 2000

  • Fryxell, B.; Olson, K.; Ricker, P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 131, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/317361

Laboratory evidence of dynamo amplification of magnetic fields in a turbulent plasma
journal, February 2018


Zur Theorie des Durchgangs schneller Korpuskularstrahlen durch Materie
journal, January 1930


Observations of Electromagnetic Fields and Plasma Flow in Hohlraums with Proton Radiography
journal, May 2009


Magnetic field measurements in laser-produced plasmas via proton deflectometry
journal, April 2009

  • Cecchetti, C. A.; Borghesi, M.; Fuchs, J.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3097899

Source characterization and modeling development for monoenergetic-proton radiography experiments on OMEGA
journal, June 2012

  • Manuel, M. J. -E.; Zylstra, A. B.; Rinderknecht, H. G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4730336

Charged-Particle Probing of X-ray-Driven Inertial-Fusion Implosions
journal, January 2010


Bidirectional jet formation during driven magnetic reconnection in two-beam laser–plasma interactions
journal, September 2008

  • Nilson, P. M.; Willingale, L.; Kaluza, M. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2966115

Proton deflectometry of a magnetic reconnection geometry
journal, April 2010

  • Willingale, L.; Nilson, P. M.; Kaluza, M. C.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3377787

Observation of the Decay Dynamics and Instabilities of Megagauss Field Structures in Laser-Produced Plasmas
journal, July 2007


Monoenergetic-Proton-Radiography Measurements of Implosion Dynamics in Direct-Drive Inertial-Confinement Fusion
journal, June 2008


Time evolution of filamentation and self-generated fields in the coronae of directly driven inertial-confinement fusion capsules
journal, January 2012

  • Séguin, F. H.; Li, C. K.; Manuel, M. J. -E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3671908

Proton Radiography of a Laser-Driven Implosion
journal, July 2006


Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets
journal, December 2013


Measuring E and B Fields in Laser-Produced Plasmas with Monoenergetic Proton Radiography
journal, September 2006


A laboratory study of asymmetric magnetic reconnection in strongly driven plasmas
journal, February 2015

  • Rosenberg, M. J.; Li, C. K.; Fox, W.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7190

Fast-electron transport in cylindrically laser-compressed matter
journal, November 2009


Charged-particle stopping powers in inertial confinement fusion plasmas
journal, May 1993


SRIM – The stopping and range of ions in matter (2010)
journal, June 2010

  • Ziegler, James F.; Ziegler, M. D.; Biersack, J. P.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 268, Issue 11-12
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2010.02.091

Filamentation Instability of Counterstreaming Laser-Driven Plasmas
journal, November 2013


Mega-Gauss Plasma Jet Creation Using a Ring of Laser Beams
journal, March 2019


Three-Dimensional Simulations of Cylindrical Target Implosion Imaging Using Laser-Driven Proton Source
journal, April 2012


Magnetic Reconnection between Colliding Magnetized Laser-Produced Plasma Plumes
journal, September 2014


yt: A MULTI-CODE ANALYSIS TOOLKIT FOR ASTROPHYSICAL SIMULATION DATA
journal, December 2010

  • Turk, Matthew J.; Smith, Britton D.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 192, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/192/1/9

Topology of Megagauss Magnetic Fields and of Heat-Carrying Electrons Produced in a High-Power Laser-Solid Interaction
journal, December 2014


Stopping Power and Energy Straggling for Swift Protons
journal, August 1971


Numerical modeling of laser-driven experiments aiming to demonstrate magnetic field amplification via turbulent dynamo
journal, April 2017

  • Tzeferacos, P.; Rigby, A.; Bott, A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4978628

Numerical simulation of magnetized jet creation using a hollow ring of laser beams
journal, February 2019

  • Lu, Y.; Tzeferacos, P.; Liang, E.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5050924

Stopping power for strong beam–plasma coupling
journal, July 2002


Using high-intensity laser-generated energetic protons to radiograph directly driven implosions
journal, January 2012

  • Zylstra, A. B.; Li, C. K.; Rinderknecht, H. G.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3680110

Instability-driven electromagnetic fields in coronal plasmas
journal, May 2013

  • Manuel, M. J. -E.; Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4801515

Proton radiography of dynamic electric and magnetic fields in laser-produced high-energy-density plasmas
journal, May 2009

  • Li, C. K.; Séguin, F. H.; Frenje, J. A.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 16, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3096781

Fast Advection of Magnetic Fields by Hot Electrons
journal, August 2010


Visualizing electromagnetic fields in laser-produced counter-streaming plasma experiments for collisionless shock laboratory astrophysics
journal, May 2013

  • Kugland, N. L.; Ross, J. S.; Chang, P. -Y.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 20, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4804548

Collisionless shock experiments with lasers and observation of Weibel instabilitiesa)
journal, May 2015

  • Park, H. -S.; Huntington, C. M.; Fiuza, F.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4920959

Precision Mapping of Laser-Driven Magnetic Fields and Their Evolution in High-Energy-Density Plasmas
journal, May 2015


Design of a new turbulent dynamo experiment on the OMEGA-EP
journal, March 2019

  • Liao, Andy Sha; Li, Shengtai; Li, Hui
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5081062

Theorie der Streuung schneller geladener Teilchen II Mehrfach-und Vielfachstreuung
journal, February 1948


Observation of magnetic field generation via the Weibel instability in interpenetrating plasma flows
journal, January 2015

  • Huntington, C. M.; Fiuza, F.; Ross, J. S.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3178

Development of an interpretive simulation tool for the proton radiography technique
journal, March 2015

  • Levy, M. C.; Ryutov, D. D.; Wilks, S. C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 86, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4909536

First Measurements of Rayleigh-Taylor-Induced Magnetic Fields in Laser-Produced Plasmas
journal, June 2012


Lorentz Mapping of Magnetic Fields in Hot Dense Plasmas
journal, August 2009


Omega EP, laser scalings and the 60 MeV barrier: First observations of ion acceleration performance in the 10 picosecond kilojoule short-pulse regime
journal, August 2010


Proton imaging of stochastic magnetic fields
journal, December 2017


Invited Article: Relation between electric and magnetic field structures and their proton-beam images
journal, October 2012

  • Kugland, N. L.; Ryutov, D. D.; Plechaty, C.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4750234

Self-generated magnetic fields in direct-drive implosion experiments
journal, June 2014

  • Igumenshchev, I. V.; Zylstra, A. B.; Li, C. K.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4883226

Molière's Theory of Multiple Scattering
journal, March 1953


Observation of Megagauss-Field Topology Changes due to Magnetic Reconnection in Laser-Produced Plasmas
journal, August 2007


The response of CR-39 nuclear track detector to 1–9 MeV protons
journal, October 2011

  • Sinenian, N.; Rosenberg, M. J.; Manuel, M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3653549

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Proton radiography of laser-driven imploding target in cylindrical geometry
journal, January 2011

  • Volpe, L.; Batani, D.; Vauzour, B.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 18, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3530596

Inferring morphology and strength of magnetic fields from proton radiographs
journal, December 2017

  • Graziani, Carlo; Tzeferacos, Petros; Lamb, Donald Q.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 88, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5013029

Observation of Self-Similarity in the Magnetic Fields Generated by the Ablative Nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor Instability
journal, May 2013


Proton Radiography of Inertial Fusion Implosions
journal, February 2008


Impeding Hohlraum Plasma Stagnation in Inertial-Confinement Fusion
journal, January 2012


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Modeling hydrodynamics, magnetic fields, and synthetic radiographs for high-energy-density plasma flows in shock-shear targets
    journal, January 2020

    • Lu, Yingchao; Li, Shengtai; Li, Hui
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 27, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5126149