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Title: Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds over the Global Oceans

Abstract

Long-term satellite climate data records (CDRs) of clouds and aerosols are used to investigate the aerosol indirect effect (AIE) of cirrus clouds over the global oceans from a climatology perspective. Our study focuses on identifying the sensitive regimes and active regions where AIE signatures easily manifest themselves in the sense of the long-term average of cloud and aerosol variables. The aerosol index (AIX) regimes of AIX < 0.18 and 0.18 < AIX < 0.46 are respectively identified as the sensitive regimes for negative and positive aerosol albedos and lifetime effects of cirrus clouds. Relative humidity first decreases (along with upward motions) and then reverses to increase (along with downward motions) in the first regime of negative aerosol albedo and lifetime effects. Relatively wet and strong upward motions are the favorable meteorological conditions for the second regime of positive aerosol albedo and lifetime effects. Two swath regions extending from 15°N to 30°N over the east coastal oceans of China and the USA are the active regions of positive aerosol albedo effects. Positive aerosol lifetime effects are only active or easy to manifest in the regions where a positive aerosol albedo effect is active. The results based on the long-term averaged satellitemore » observations are valuable for the evaluation and improvement of aerosol-cloud interactions for cirrus clouds in global climate models.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), Silver Spring, MD (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Albany, NY (United States)
  4. Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR), Madison, WI (United States)
  5. National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), Silver Spring, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Cooperative Inst. for Satellite Earth System Studies (CISESS)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1603752
Report Number(s):
BNL-213691-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2072-4292
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Remote Sensing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2072-4292
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; aerosol indirect effect; aerosol; cloud; climate data record; satellite

Citation Formats

Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangqun, Heidinger, Andrew K., and Saha, Korak. Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds over the Global Oceans. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/rs12050823.
Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangqun, Heidinger, Andrew K., & Saha, Korak. Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds over the Global Oceans. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12050823
Zhao, Xuepeng, Liu, Yangang, Yu, Fangqun, Heidinger, Andrew K., and Saha, Korak. Tue . "Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds over the Global Oceans". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12050823. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603752.
@article{osti_1603752,
title = {Climatology Perspective of Sensitive Regimes and Active Regions of Aerosol Indirect Effect for Cirrus Clouds over the Global Oceans},
author = {Zhao, Xuepeng and Liu, Yangang and Yu, Fangqun and Heidinger, Andrew K. and Saha, Korak},
abstractNote = {Long-term satellite climate data records (CDRs) of clouds and aerosols are used to investigate the aerosol indirect effect (AIE) of cirrus clouds over the global oceans from a climatology perspective. Our study focuses on identifying the sensitive regimes and active regions where AIE signatures easily manifest themselves in the sense of the long-term average of cloud and aerosol variables. The aerosol index (AIX) regimes of AIX < 0.18 and 0.18 < AIX < 0.46 are respectively identified as the sensitive regimes for negative and positive aerosol albedos and lifetime effects of cirrus clouds. Relative humidity first decreases (along with upward motions) and then reverses to increase (along with downward motions) in the first regime of negative aerosol albedo and lifetime effects. Relatively wet and strong upward motions are the favorable meteorological conditions for the second regime of positive aerosol albedo and lifetime effects. Two swath regions extending from 15°N to 30°N over the east coastal oceans of China and the USA are the active regions of positive aerosol albedo effects. Positive aerosol lifetime effects are only active or easy to manifest in the regions where a positive aerosol albedo effect is active. The results based on the long-term averaged satellite observations are valuable for the evaluation and improvement of aerosol-cloud interactions for cirrus clouds in global climate models.},
doi = {10.3390/rs12050823},
journal = {Remote Sensing},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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