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Title: Outflows in star-forming galaxies: Stacking analyses of resolved winds and the relation to their hosts’ properties

Abstract

ABSTRACT Outflows form an integral component in regulating the gas cycling in and out of galaxies, although their impact on the galaxy hosts is still poorly understood. Here we present an analysis of 405 high mass (log M*/M⊙ ≥ 10), star-forming galaxies (excluding AGN) with low inclinations at z ∼ 0, using stacking techniques of the Na D λλ5889, 5895 Å neutral gas tracer in IFU observations from the MaNGA DR15 survey. We detect outflows in the central regions of 78/405 galaxies and determine their extent and power through the construction of stacked annuli. We find outflows are most powerful in central regions and extend out to ∼1Re, with declining mass outflow rates and loading factors as a function of radius. The stacking of spaxels over key galaxy quantities reveals outflow detections in regions of high ΣSFR (≳0.01 M⊙ yr−1 kpc−2) and $$\Sigma _{M_{*}}$$ (≳107 M⊙ kpc−2) along the resolved main sequence. Clear correlations with ΣSFR suggest it is the main regulator of outflows, with a critical threshold of ∼0.01 M⊙ yr−1 kpc−2 needed to escape the weight of the disc and launch them. Furthermore, measurements of the Hδ and Dn4000 indices reveal virtually identical star formation histories between galaxies with outflows and those without. Finally, through stacking of H i 21 cm observations for a subset of our sample, we find outflow galaxies show reduced H i gas fractions at central velocities compared to their non-detection control counterparts, suggestive of some removal of H i gas, likely in the central regions of the galaxies, but not enough to completely quench the host.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]
  1. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 430 Portola Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  2. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK
  3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Haverford College, 370 Lancaster Ave, Haverford, PA 19041, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1603690
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 493 Journal Issue: 3]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Roberts-Borsani, G. W., Saintonge, A., Masters, K. L., and Stark, D. V. Outflows in star-forming galaxies: Stacking analyses of resolved winds and the relation to their hosts’ properties. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa464.
Roberts-Borsani, G. W., Saintonge, A., Masters, K. L., & Stark, D. V. Outflows in star-forming galaxies: Stacking analyses of resolved winds and the relation to their hosts’ properties. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa464.
Roberts-Borsani, G. W., Saintonge, A., Masters, K. L., and Stark, D. V. Mon . "Outflows in star-forming galaxies: Stacking analyses of resolved winds and the relation to their hosts’ properties". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/staa464.
@article{osti_1603690,
title = {Outflows in star-forming galaxies: Stacking analyses of resolved winds and the relation to their hosts’ properties},
author = {Roberts-Borsani, G. W. and Saintonge, A. and Masters, K. L. and Stark, D. V.},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT Outflows form an integral component in regulating the gas cycling in and out of galaxies, although their impact on the galaxy hosts is still poorly understood. Here we present an analysis of 405 high mass (log M*/M⊙ ≥ 10), star-forming galaxies (excluding AGN) with low inclinations at z ∼ 0, using stacking techniques of the Na D λλ5889, 5895 Å neutral gas tracer in IFU observations from the MaNGA DR15 survey. We detect outflows in the central regions of 78/405 galaxies and determine their extent and power through the construction of stacked annuli. We find outflows are most powerful in central regions and extend out to ∼1Re, with declining mass outflow rates and loading factors as a function of radius. The stacking of spaxels over key galaxy quantities reveals outflow detections in regions of high ΣSFR (≳0.01 M⊙ yr−1 kpc−2) and $\Sigma _{M_{*}}$ (≳107 M⊙ kpc−2) along the resolved main sequence. Clear correlations with ΣSFR suggest it is the main regulator of outflows, with a critical threshold of ∼0.01 M⊙ yr−1 kpc−2 needed to escape the weight of the disc and launch them. Furthermore, measurements of the Hδ and Dn4000 indices reveal virtually identical star formation histories between galaxies with outflows and those without. Finally, through stacking of H i 21 cm observations for a subset of our sample, we find outflow galaxies show reduced H i gas fractions at central velocities compared to their non-detection control counterparts, suggestive of some removal of H i gas, likely in the central regions of the galaxies, but not enough to completely quench the host.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/staa464},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [3],
volume = [493],
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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DOI: 10.1093/mnras/staa464

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