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Title: A versatile Johansson-type tender x-ray emission spectrometer

Abstract

We present a high energy resolution x-ray spectrometer for the tender x-ray regime (1.6–5.0 keV) that was designed and operated at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource. The instrument is developed on a Rowland geometry (500 mm of radius) using cylindrically bent Johansson analyzers and a position sensitive detector. By placing the sample inside the Rowland circle, the spectrometer operates in an energy-dispersive mode with a subnatural line-width energy resolution (~0.32 eV at 2400 eV), even when an extended incident x-ray beam is used across a wide range of diffraction angles (~30° to 65°). The spectrometer is enclosed in a vacuum chamber, and a sample chamber with independent ambient conditions is introduced to enable a versatile and fast-access sample environment (e.g., solid/gas/liquid samples, in situ cells, and radioactive materials). The design, capabilities, and performance are presented and discussed.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Center of High Pressure Science & Technology Advanced Research (HPSTAR), Shanghai (China)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2575 Sand Hill Rd., Menlo Park, California 94025, USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1603648
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1602590; OSTI ID: 1659955
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-77171
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515, AC02-05CH11231; AC36-08GO28308; AC02-76SF00515, DE-AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; spectroscopy; synchrotron radiation; crystal optics; monochromators; resonant inelastic X-ray scattering; catalysis; radioactive material; elastic scattering

Citation Formats

Nowak, S. H., Armenta, R., Schwartz, C. P., Gallo, A., Abraham, B., Garcia-Esparza, A. T., Biasin, E., Prado, A., Maciel, A., Zhang, D., Day, D., Christensen, S., Kroll, T., Alonso-Mori, R., Nordlund, D., Weng, T. -C., and Sokaras, D. A versatile Johansson-type tender x-ray emission spectrometer. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5121853.
Nowak, S. H., Armenta, R., Schwartz, C. P., Gallo, A., Abraham, B., Garcia-Esparza, A. T., Biasin, E., Prado, A., Maciel, A., Zhang, D., Day, D., Christensen, S., Kroll, T., Alonso-Mori, R., Nordlund, D., Weng, T. -C., & Sokaras, D. A versatile Johansson-type tender x-ray emission spectrometer. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5121853
Nowak, S. H., Armenta, R., Schwartz, C. P., Gallo, A., Abraham, B., Garcia-Esparza, A. T., Biasin, E., Prado, A., Maciel, A., Zhang, D., Day, D., Christensen, S., Kroll, T., Alonso-Mori, R., Nordlund, D., Weng, T. -C., and Sokaras, D. Tue . "A versatile Johansson-type tender x-ray emission spectrometer". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5121853. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603648.
@article{osti_1603648,
title = {A versatile Johansson-type tender x-ray emission spectrometer},
author = {Nowak, S. H. and Armenta, R. and Schwartz, C. P. and Gallo, A. and Abraham, B. and Garcia-Esparza, A. T. and Biasin, E. and Prado, A. and Maciel, A. and Zhang, D. and Day, D. and Christensen, S. and Kroll, T. and Alonso-Mori, R. and Nordlund, D. and Weng, T. -C. and Sokaras, D.},
abstractNote = {We present a high energy resolution x-ray spectrometer for the tender x-ray regime (1.6–5.0 keV) that was designed and operated at Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource. The instrument is developed on a Rowland geometry (500 mm of radius) using cylindrically bent Johansson analyzers and a position sensitive detector. By placing the sample inside the Rowland circle, the spectrometer operates in an energy-dispersive mode with a subnatural line-width energy resolution (~0.32 eV at 2400 eV), even when an extended incident x-ray beam is used across a wide range of diffraction angles (~30° to 65°). The spectrometer is enclosed in a vacuum chamber, and a sample chamber with independent ambient conditions is introduced to enable a versatile and fast-access sample environment (e.g., solid/gas/liquid samples, in situ cells, and radioactive materials). The design, capabilities, and performance are presented and discussed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5121853},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 3,
volume = 91,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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