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Title: GRB 180620A: Evidence for Late-time Energy Injection

Abstract

The early optical emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) gives an opportunity to understand the central engine and first stages of these events. About 30% of GRBs present flares whose origin is still a subject of discussion. We present optical photometry of GRB 180620A with the COATLI telescope and RATIR instrument. COATLI started to observe from the end of prompt emission at T + 39.3 s and RATIR from T + 121.4 s. We supplement the optical data with the X-ray light curve from Swift/XRT. We observe an optical flare from T + 110 s to T + 550 s, with a temporal index decay α O,decay = 1.32 ± 0.01, and Δt/t = 1.63, which we interpret as the signature of a reverse shock component. After the initial normal decay the light curves show a long plateau from T + 500 s to T + 7800 s in both X-rays and the optical before decaying again after an achromatic jet break at T + 7800 s. Fluctuations are seen during the plateau phase in the optical. Adding to the complexity of GRB afterglows, the plateau phase (typically associated with the coasting phase of the jet) is seen in this objectmore » after the "normal" decay phase (associated with the deceleration phase of the jet), and the jet break phase occurs directly after the plateau. Finally, we suggest that this sequence of events can be explained by a rapid deceleration of the jet with t d ≲ 40 s due to the high density of the environment (≈100 cm-3) followed by reactivation of the central engine, which causes the flare and powers the plateau phase.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City (Mexico)
  2. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Space Telescope Science Inst., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  5. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  6. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); CONACyT; UNAM PAPIIT; UC MEXUS-CONACyT
OSTI Identifier:
1603563
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; NNX09AH71G; NNX09AT02G; NNX10AI27G; NNX12AE66G; INFR-2009-01-122785; CB-2008-101958; IG100414; IA102917; CN 09-283; IN117917
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 887; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst; optical telescopes; gamma-ray bursters; gamma-ray sources

Citation Formats

Becerra, R. L., De Colle, F., Watson, A. M., Fraija, N., Butler, N. R., Lee, W. H., Román-Zúñiga, C. G., Bloom, J. S., González, J. J., Kutyrev, A. S., Prochaska, J. X., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Richer, M. G., and Troja, E. GRB 180620A: Evidence for Late-time Energy Injection. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab5859.
Becerra, R. L., De Colle, F., Watson, A. M., Fraija, N., Butler, N. R., Lee, W. H., Román-Zúñiga, C. G., Bloom, J. S., González, J. J., Kutyrev, A. S., Prochaska, J. X., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Richer, M. G., & Troja, E. GRB 180620A: Evidence for Late-time Energy Injection. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab5859
Becerra, R. L., De Colle, F., Watson, A. M., Fraija, N., Butler, N. R., Lee, W. H., Román-Zúñiga, C. G., Bloom, J. S., González, J. J., Kutyrev, A. S., Prochaska, J. X., Ramirez-Ruiz, E., Richer, M. G., and Troja, E. Thu . "GRB 180620A: Evidence for Late-time Energy Injection". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab5859. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603563.
@article{osti_1603563,
title = {GRB 180620A: Evidence for Late-time Energy Injection},
author = {Becerra, R. L. and De Colle, F. and Watson, A. M. and Fraija, N. and Butler, N. R. and Lee, W. H. and Román-Zúñiga, C. G. and Bloom, J. S. and González, J. J. and Kutyrev, A. S. and Prochaska, J. X. and Ramirez-Ruiz, E. and Richer, M. G. and Troja, E.},
abstractNote = {The early optical emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) gives an opportunity to understand the central engine and first stages of these events. About 30% of GRBs present flares whose origin is still a subject of discussion. We present optical photometry of GRB 180620A with the COATLI telescope and RATIR instrument. COATLI started to observe from the end of prompt emission at T + 39.3 s and RATIR from T + 121.4 s. We supplement the optical data with the X-ray light curve from Swift/XRT. We observe an optical flare from T + 110 s to T + 550 s, with a temporal index decay α O,decay = 1.32 ± 0.01, and Δt/t = 1.63, which we interpret as the signature of a reverse shock component. After the initial normal decay the light curves show a long plateau from T + 500 s to T + 7800 s in both X-rays and the optical before decaying again after an achromatic jet break at T + 7800 s. Fluctuations are seen during the plateau phase in the optical. Adding to the complexity of GRB afterglows, the plateau phase (typically associated with the coasting phase of the jet) is seen in this object after the "normal" decay phase (associated with the deceleration phase of the jet), and the jet break phase occurs directly after the plateau. Finally, we suggest that this sequence of events can be explained by a rapid deceleration of the jet with t d ≲ 40 s due to the high density of the environment (≈100 cm-3) followed by reactivation of the central engine, which causes the flare and powers the plateau phase.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/ab5859},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 887,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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