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Title: Distinction between pristine and disorder-perturbed charge density waves in ZrTe3

Abstract

Charge density waves (CDWs) in the cuprate high-temperature superconductors have evoked much interest, yet their typical short-range nature has raised questions regarding the role of disorder. Here we report a resonant X-ray diffraction study of ZrTe3, a model CDW system, with focus on the influence of disorder. Near the CDW transition temperature, we observe two independent signals that arise concomitantly, only to become clearly separated in momentum while developing very different correlation lengths in the well-ordered state that is reached at a distinctly lower temperature. Anomalously slow dynamics of mesoscopic charge domains are further found near the transition temperature, in spite of the expected strong thermal fluctuations. Our observations signify the presence of distinct experimental fingerprints of pristine and disorder-perturbed CDWs. We discuss the latter also in the context of Friedel oscillations, which we argue might promote CDW formation via a self-amplifying process.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Jinan Univ., Guangzhou (China)
  5. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1603291
Report Number(s):
BNL-213687-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 11888101; 2018YFA0305600; 2015CB921302; 11725415; 1751739; 11804118
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Electronic properties and materials; Phase transitions and critical phenomena

Citation Formats

Yue, Li, Xue, Shangjie, Li, Jiarui, Hu, Wen, Barbour, Andi, Zheng, Feipeng, Wang, Lichen, Feng, Ji, Wilkins, Stuart B., Mazzoli, Claudio, Comin, Riccardo, and Li, Yuan. Distinction between pristine and disorder-perturbed charge density waves in ZrTe3. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13813-y.
Yue, Li, Xue, Shangjie, Li, Jiarui, Hu, Wen, Barbour, Andi, Zheng, Feipeng, Wang, Lichen, Feng, Ji, Wilkins, Stuart B., Mazzoli, Claudio, Comin, Riccardo, & Li, Yuan. Distinction between pristine and disorder-perturbed charge density waves in ZrTe3. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13813-y
Yue, Li, Xue, Shangjie, Li, Jiarui, Hu, Wen, Barbour, Andi, Zheng, Feipeng, Wang, Lichen, Feng, Ji, Wilkins, Stuart B., Mazzoli, Claudio, Comin, Riccardo, and Li, Yuan. Tue . "Distinction between pristine and disorder-perturbed charge density waves in ZrTe3". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13813-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603291.
@article{osti_1603291,
title = {Distinction between pristine and disorder-perturbed charge density waves in ZrTe3},
author = {Yue, Li and Xue, Shangjie and Li, Jiarui and Hu, Wen and Barbour, Andi and Zheng, Feipeng and Wang, Lichen and Feng, Ji and Wilkins, Stuart B. and Mazzoli, Claudio and Comin, Riccardo and Li, Yuan},
abstractNote = {Charge density waves (CDWs) in the cuprate high-temperature superconductors have evoked much interest, yet their typical short-range nature has raised questions regarding the role of disorder. Here we report a resonant X-ray diffraction study of ZrTe3, a model CDW system, with focus on the influence of disorder. Near the CDW transition temperature, we observe two independent signals that arise concomitantly, only to become clearly separated in momentum while developing very different correlation lengths in the well-ordered state that is reached at a distinctly lower temperature. Anomalously slow dynamics of mesoscopic charge domains are further found near the transition temperature, in spite of the expected strong thermal fluctuations. Our observations signify the presence of distinct experimental fingerprints of pristine and disorder-perturbed CDWs. We discuss the latter also in the context of Friedel oscillations, which we argue might promote CDW formation via a self-amplifying process.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-13813-y},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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