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Title: Wildfire Smoke Particle Properties and Evolution, from Space-Based Multi-Angle Imaging

Abstract

Emitted smoke composition is determined by properties of the biomass burning source and ambient ecosystem. However, conditions that mediate the partitioning of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) formation, as well as the spatial and temporal factors that drive particle evolution, are not understood adequately for many climate and air-quality related modeling applications. In situ observations provide considerable detail about aerosol microphysical and chemical properties, although sampling is extremely limited. Satellites offer the frequent global coverage that would allow for statistical characterization of emitted and evolved smoke, but generally lack microphysical detail. However, once properly validated, data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth Observing System’s Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) instrument can create at least a partial picture of smoke particle properties and plume evolution. We use in situ data from the Department of Energy’s Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) field campaign to assess the strengths and limitations of smoke particle retrieval results from the MISR Research Aerosol (RA) retrieval algorithm. We then use MISR to characterize wildfire smoke particle properties and to identify the relevant aging factors in several cases, to the extent possible. The RA successfully maps qualitative changes in effective particle size, light absorption,more » and its spectral dependence, when compared to in situ observations. By observing the entire plume uniformly, the satellite data can be interpreted in terms of smoke plume evolution, including size-selective deposition, new-particle formation, and locations within the plume where BC or BrC dominates.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1603277
Report Number(s):
BNL-213671-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2072-4292
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Remote Sensing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2072-4292
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; biomass burning; remote sensing; MISR; smoke plumes; aerosol particle properties; aerosols; BBOP; multi-angle; multi-spectral; wildfire

Citation Formats

Junghenn Noyes, Katherine, Kahn, Ralph, Sedlacek, Arthur, Kleinman, Lawrence, Limbacher, James, and Li, Zhanqing. Wildfire Smoke Particle Properties and Evolution, from Space-Based Multi-Angle Imaging. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/rs12050769.
Junghenn Noyes, Katherine, Kahn, Ralph, Sedlacek, Arthur, Kleinman, Lawrence, Limbacher, James, & Li, Zhanqing. Wildfire Smoke Particle Properties and Evolution, from Space-Based Multi-Angle Imaging. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12050769
Junghenn Noyes, Katherine, Kahn, Ralph, Sedlacek, Arthur, Kleinman, Lawrence, Limbacher, James, and Li, Zhanqing. Sat . "Wildfire Smoke Particle Properties and Evolution, from Space-Based Multi-Angle Imaging". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/rs12050769. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1603277.
@article{osti_1603277,
title = {Wildfire Smoke Particle Properties and Evolution, from Space-Based Multi-Angle Imaging},
author = {Junghenn Noyes, Katherine and Kahn, Ralph and Sedlacek, Arthur and Kleinman, Lawrence and Limbacher, James and Li, Zhanqing},
abstractNote = {Emitted smoke composition is determined by properties of the biomass burning source and ambient ecosystem. However, conditions that mediate the partitioning of black carbon (BC) and brown carbon (BrC) formation, as well as the spatial and temporal factors that drive particle evolution, are not understood adequately for many climate and air-quality related modeling applications. In situ observations provide considerable detail about aerosol microphysical and chemical properties, although sampling is extremely limited. Satellites offer the frequent global coverage that would allow for statistical characterization of emitted and evolved smoke, but generally lack microphysical detail. However, once properly validated, data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth Observing System’s Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) instrument can create at least a partial picture of smoke particle properties and plume evolution. We use in situ data from the Department of Energy’s Biomass Burning Observation Project (BBOP) field campaign to assess the strengths and limitations of smoke particle retrieval results from the MISR Research Aerosol (RA) retrieval algorithm. We then use MISR to characterize wildfire smoke particle properties and to identify the relevant aging factors in several cases, to the extent possible. The RA successfully maps qualitative changes in effective particle size, light absorption, and its spectral dependence, when compared to in situ observations. By observing the entire plume uniformly, the satellite data can be interpreted in terms of smoke plume evolution, including size-selective deposition, new-particle formation, and locations within the plume where BC or BrC dominates.},
doi = {10.3390/rs12050769},
journal = {Remote Sensing},
number = 5,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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