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Title: Recommended key performance indicators for operational management of wind turbines

Abstract

Operational managers of wind turbines usually monitor a big fleet of turbines and thus need highly condensed information to identify underperforming turbines and to prioritize their work. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are a solid and frequently used tool for this purpose. However, the KPIs used in the wind industry are not unified to date, which makes comparison in the industry difficult. Further, comprehensive standards on a set of KPIs for the wind industry are missing. This article identifies and recommends KPIs and provides detailed definitions to make KPIs comparable and to enable benchmarking. The starting point of this work is an industry survey with 28 participants intended to identify commonly used KPIs, collect various possible definitions, and prioritize them. Out of a total of 50 KPIs, we discuss in a next step 33 selected KPIs on performance, maintenance, and reliability in detail and recommend definitions, most of which are based on international standards. As a result, operators can easily use these recommendations to base their system of KPIs. By using this unified set of KPIs, operators can be well-prepared to conduct industrywide comparisons and benchmarks. The survey and this article will also serve as a basis for committee work ofmore » the FGW e.V. to develop a corresponding technical guideline.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Fraunhofer Inst. for Energy Economics and Energy System Technology, Kassel (Germany)
  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1602689
Report Number(s):
NREL-JA-5000-72373
Journal ID: ISSN 1742-6588
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Conference Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1356; Journal ID: ISSN 1742-6588
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; wind turbines; key performance indicators; performance; reliability; maintenance

Citation Formats

Pfaffel, Sebastian, Faulstich, Stefan, and Sheng, Shawn S. Recommended key performance indicators for operational management of wind turbines. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012040.
Pfaffel, Sebastian, Faulstich, Stefan, & Sheng, Shawn S. Recommended key performance indicators for operational management of wind turbines. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012040
Pfaffel, Sebastian, Faulstich, Stefan, and Sheng, Shawn S. Tue . "Recommended key performance indicators for operational management of wind turbines". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012040. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1602689.
@article{osti_1602689,
title = {Recommended key performance indicators for operational management of wind turbines},
author = {Pfaffel, Sebastian and Faulstich, Stefan and Sheng, Shawn S},
abstractNote = {Operational managers of wind turbines usually monitor a big fleet of turbines and thus need highly condensed information to identify underperforming turbines and to prioritize their work. Key performance indicators (KPIs) are a solid and frequently used tool for this purpose. However, the KPIs used in the wind industry are not unified to date, which makes comparison in the industry difficult. Further, comprehensive standards on a set of KPIs for the wind industry are missing. This article identifies and recommends KPIs and provides detailed definitions to make KPIs comparable and to enable benchmarking. The starting point of this work is an industry survey with 28 participants intended to identify commonly used KPIs, collect various possible definitions, and prioritize them. Out of a total of 50 KPIs, we discuss in a next step 33 selected KPIs on performance, maintenance, and reliability in detail and recommend definitions, most of which are based on international standards. As a result, operators can easily use these recommendations to base their system of KPIs. By using this unified set of KPIs, operators can be well-prepared to conduct industrywide comparisons and benchmarks. The survey and this article will also serve as a basis for committee work of the FGW e.V. to develop a corresponding technical guideline.},
doi = {10.1088/1742-6596/1356/1/012040},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Conference Series},
number = ,
volume = 1356,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Monetary‐based availability: A novel approach to assess the performance of wind turbines
    journal, November 2019

    • Lutz, Marc‐Alexander; Görg, Philip; Faulstich, Stefan
    • Wind Energy, Vol. 23, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/we.2411

    Considering Uncertainties of Key Performance Indicators in Wind Turbine Operation
    journal, January 2020

    • Pfaffel, Sebastian; Faulstich, Stefan; Rohrig, Kurt
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    • DOI: 10.3390/app10030898