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Title: Assessment of Commercial Building Lighting as a Frequency Regulation Resource

Abstract

This paper evaluates the potential for automated lighting control as a resource for frequency regulation of the electric grid system in the context of current energy policies, economic incentives, and technological trends. The growing prevalence of renewable energy has increased the need for ancillary services to maintain grid frequency and stability. While demand side resources like heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems, as well as water treatment plants are already evaluated as regulation service providers, the potential application to electrical lighting systems has largely been ignored. Yet, aggregations of lighting systems that are retrofitted with intelligent controls could conceivably contribute to frequency regulation services with little impact on user comfort. To further explore the feasibility of lighting potential, this paper explores (1) how lighting control systems are limited by visual comfort perception and acceptability, (2) how such limitations impact the performance of the lighting system as an frequency regulation resource, and (3) how the market potential of lighting systems as demand side resources compares in different regional transmission organizations. Finally, the impact of developing technologies on the application of lighting systems for frequency regulation is discussed.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Distributed Electrical Systems Lab., Lausanne (Switzerland)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Renewable and Sustainable Energy Inst. (RASEI), Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Acuity Brands Lighting, Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1601960
Report Number(s):
[NREL/JA-5500-76171]
[Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073; ENERGA]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC36-08GO28308]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 3]; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; commercial buildings; lighting systems; ancillary services; frequency regulation

Citation Formats

Karpilow, Alexandra, Henze, Gregor, and Beamer, Walter. Assessment of Commercial Building Lighting as a Frequency Regulation Resource. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/en13030613.
Karpilow, Alexandra, Henze, Gregor, & Beamer, Walter. Assessment of Commercial Building Lighting as a Frequency Regulation Resource. United States. doi:10.3390/en13030613.
Karpilow, Alexandra, Henze, Gregor, and Beamer, Walter. Sat . "Assessment of Commercial Building Lighting as a Frequency Regulation Resource". United States. doi:10.3390/en13030613. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1601960.
@article{osti_1601960,
title = {Assessment of Commercial Building Lighting as a Frequency Regulation Resource},
author = {Karpilow, Alexandra and Henze, Gregor and Beamer, Walter},
abstractNote = {This paper evaluates the potential for automated lighting control as a resource for frequency regulation of the electric grid system in the context of current energy policies, economic incentives, and technological trends. The growing prevalence of renewable energy has increased the need for ancillary services to maintain grid frequency and stability. While demand side resources like heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems, as well as water treatment plants are already evaluated as regulation service providers, the potential application to electrical lighting systems has largely been ignored. Yet, aggregations of lighting systems that are retrofitted with intelligent controls could conceivably contribute to frequency regulation services with little impact on user comfort. To further explore the feasibility of lighting potential, this paper explores (1) how lighting control systems are limited by visual comfort perception and acceptability, (2) how such limitations impact the performance of the lighting system as an frequency regulation resource, and (3) how the market potential of lighting systems as demand side resources compares in different regional transmission organizations. Finally, the impact of developing technologies on the application of lighting systems for frequency regulation is discussed.},
doi = {10.3390/en13030613},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = [3],
volume = [13],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Demand Response as a Market Resource Under the Smart Grid Paradigm
journal, June 2010


A method to assess lighting quality in educational rooms using analytic hierarchy process
journal, January 2020


Detection and Acceptance of Demand-Responsive Lighting in Offices with and without Daylight
journal, January 2008


Detectability and Acceptability of Illuminance Reduction for Load Shedding
journal, January 2004


Detection of Slow Light Level Reduction
journal, July 2002


Demand-responsive Lighting – A Field Study
journal, January 2010