skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on February 27, 2021

Title: Vibro-acoustic modulation and data fusion for localizing alkali–silica reaction–induced damage in concrete

Abstract

This article investigates the application of vibro-acoustic modulation testing for diagnosing damage in concrete structures. The vibro-acoustic modulation technique employs two excitation frequencies on a structure. The interaction of these excitations in the measured response indicates damage through the presence of sidebands in the frequency spectra. Past studies using this technique have mostly focused on metals and composites (thin plates or laminates). Our research focuses on concrete, which is a highly heterogeneous material susceptible to a variety of chemical, physical, and mechanical damage processes. In particular, this article investigates diagnosing cracking in concrete from an expansive gel produced by an alkali–silica reaction in the presence of moisture. Past studies have been limited to damage detection using vibro-acoustic modulation testing, whereas this article extends the technique to damage localization. A cement slab with pockets of reactive aggregate is used to investigate the diagnosis technique. The effects of different testing parameters, such as locations, magnitudes, and frequencies of the two excitations, are analyzed and incorporated in the damage localization methodology. A Bayesian probabilistic methodology is developed to fuse the information from multiple test configurations in order to construct damage probability maps for the test specimen. The results of vibro-acoustic modulation–based damage localizationmore » are validated by petrographic study of cores taken from the slab.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [3]
  1. Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
  2. Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID, USA
  3. RJ Lee Group, Monroeville, PA, USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1601903
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Structural Health Monitoring
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Structural Health Monitoring]; Journal ID: ISSN 1475-9217
Publisher:
SAGE Publications
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Karve, Pranav, Miele, Sarah, Neal, Kyle, Mahadevan, Sankaran, Agarwal, Vivek, Giannini, Eric R., and Kyslinger, Patricia. Vibro-acoustic modulation and data fusion for localizing alkali–silica reaction–induced damage in concrete. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1177/1475921720905509.
Karve, Pranav, Miele, Sarah, Neal, Kyle, Mahadevan, Sankaran, Agarwal, Vivek, Giannini, Eric R., & Kyslinger, Patricia. Vibro-acoustic modulation and data fusion for localizing alkali–silica reaction–induced damage in concrete. United Kingdom. doi:10.1177/1475921720905509.
Karve, Pranav, Miele, Sarah, Neal, Kyle, Mahadevan, Sankaran, Agarwal, Vivek, Giannini, Eric R., and Kyslinger, Patricia. Thu . "Vibro-acoustic modulation and data fusion for localizing alkali–silica reaction–induced damage in concrete". United Kingdom. doi:10.1177/1475921720905509.
@article{osti_1601903,
title = {Vibro-acoustic modulation and data fusion for localizing alkali–silica reaction–induced damage in concrete},
author = {Karve, Pranav and Miele, Sarah and Neal, Kyle and Mahadevan, Sankaran and Agarwal, Vivek and Giannini, Eric R. and Kyslinger, Patricia},
abstractNote = {This article investigates the application of vibro-acoustic modulation testing for diagnosing damage in concrete structures. The vibro-acoustic modulation technique employs two excitation frequencies on a structure. The interaction of these excitations in the measured response indicates damage through the presence of sidebands in the frequency spectra. Past studies using this technique have mostly focused on metals and composites (thin plates or laminates). Our research focuses on concrete, which is a highly heterogeneous material susceptible to a variety of chemical, physical, and mechanical damage processes. In particular, this article investigates diagnosing cracking in concrete from an expansive gel produced by an alkali–silica reaction in the presence of moisture. Past studies have been limited to damage detection using vibro-acoustic modulation testing, whereas this article extends the technique to damage localization. A cement slab with pockets of reactive aggregate is used to investigate the diagnosis technique. The effects of different testing parameters, such as locations, magnitudes, and frequencies of the two excitations, are analyzed and incorporated in the damage localization methodology. A Bayesian probabilistic methodology is developed to fuse the information from multiple test configurations in order to construct damage probability maps for the test specimen. The results of vibro-acoustic modulation–based damage localization are validated by petrographic study of cores taken from the slab.},
doi = {10.1177/1475921720905509},
journal = {Structural Health Monitoring},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on February 27, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Characterization of ASR damage in concrete using nonlinear impact resonance acoustic spectroscopy technique
journal, December 2011


Damage imaging in composites using nonlinear vibro-acoustic wave modulations
journal, July 2017

  • Pieczonka, L.; Zietek, L.; Klepka, A.
  • Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 25, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/stc.2063

Extended synthetic aperture focusing technique for ultrasonic imaging of concrete
journal, September 2015


Effectiveness of nondestructive testing for the evaluation of alkali–silica reaction in concrete
journal, August 2010


Crack detection technique for operating wind turbine blades using Vibro-Acoustic Modulation
journal, November 2014

  • Kim, Sungmin; Adams, Douglas E.; Sohn, Hoon
  • Structural Health Monitoring: An International Journal, Vol. 13, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1177/1475921714553732

Determination of the applicability and limits of void and delamination detection in concrete structures using infrared thermography
journal, September 2015


Experimental Study of Impact-Damage Detection in Composite Laminates using a Cross-Modulation Vibro-Acoustic Technique
journal, March 2010

  • Aymerich, F.; Staszewski, W. J.
  • Structural Health Monitoring: An International Journal, Vol. 9, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1177/1475921710365433

Effect of applied stresses on alkali–silica reaction-induced expansions
journal, May 2006


A vibro-acoustic modulation method for the detection of delamination and kissing bond in composites
journal, July 2016

  • Chen, Bo-Yang; Soh, Su-Kiat; Lee, Heow-Pueh
  • Journal of Composite Materials, Vol. 50, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1177/0021998315615652

Corrosion detection in reinforced concrete using induction heating and infrared thermography
journal, January 2011


A theoretical and numerical study on the mechanics of vibro-acoustic modulation
journal, April 2017

  • Singh, Ashish Kumar; Chen, Boyang; Tan, Vincent B. C.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 141, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.4981133

Quantitative microanalyses of alkali-silica gel in concrete
journal, September 1975


Formation of ASR gel and the roles of C-S-H and portlandite
journal, September 2004


Infrared thermography model for automated detection of delamination in RC bridge decks
journal, April 2018


Application of infrared thermography to the non-destructive testing of concrete and masonry bridges
journal, June 2003


Impact damage detection in laminated composites by non-linear vibro-acoustic wave modulations
journal, October 2014


Vibro-Acoustic Modulation Nondestructive Evaluation Technique
journal, September 1998

  • Donskoy, Dimitri M.; Sutin, Alexander M.
  • Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1177/1045389X9800900909

On the performance of vibro‐acoustic‐modulation‐based diagnosis of breathing cracks in thick, elastic slabs
journal, December 2019

  • Karve, Pranav; Mahadevan, Sankaran
  • Structural Control and Health Monitoring, Vol. 27, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/stc.2470

Modeling of the attenuation of stress waves in concrete based on the Rayleigh damping model using time-reversal and PZT transducers
journal, September 2017

  • Tian, Zhen; Huo, Linsheng; Gao, Weihang
  • Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 26, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-665X/aa80c2

Nondestructive analysis of alkali-silica reaction damage in concrete slabs using shear waves
conference, January 2018

  • Khazanovich, Lev; Freeseman, Katelyn; Salles, Lucio
  • 44TH ANNUAL REVIEW OF PROGRESS IN QUANTITATIVE NONDESTRUCTIVE EVALUATION, VOLUME 37, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5031537

Detecting alkali-silica reaction: A multi-physics approach
journal, October 2016


Review of Active IR Thermography for Detection and Characterization of Defects in Reinforced Concrete
journal, April 2016


Nonlinear acoustic interaction on contact interfaces and its use for nondestructive testing
journal, June 2001


ASR gel composition and expansive pressure in mortars under restraint
journal, January 2004


Some windows with very good sidelobe behavior
journal, February 1981


Vibro-Acoustic Modulation Utilizing a Swept Probing Signal for Robust Crack Detection
journal, March 2010

  • Yoder, Nathanael C.; Adams, Douglas E.
  • Structural Health Monitoring: An International Journal, Vol. 9, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1177/1475921710365261

Finite element modeling of nonlinear acoustics/ultrasonics for the detection of closed delaminations in composites
journal, February 2017


Ultrasonic imaging of concrete members using an array system
journal, September 2001


Nonlinear elastic wave spectroscopy identification of impact damage on a sandwich plate
journal, December 2005


Nondestructive Evaluation of Concrete Infrastructure with Ground Penetrating Radar
journal, June 2003


Classification of alkali–silica reaction damage using acoustic emission: A proof-of-concept study
journal, October 2015


Rapid evaluation of alkali–silica reactivity of aggregates using a nonlinear resonance spectroscopy technique
journal, June 2010