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Title: The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage

Abstract

Throughout many areas of their native range, American shad (Alosa sapidissima) and other Alosine populations are in decline. Though several conditions have influenced these declines, hydropower facilities have had significant negative effects on American shad populations. Hydropower facilities expose ocean-migrating American shad to physical stressors during passage through hydropower facilities, including strike, rapid decompression, and fluid shear. In this laboratory-based study, juvenile American shad were exposed separately to rapid decompression and fluid shear to determine their susceptibility to these stressors and develop dose–response models. These dose–response relationships can help guide the development and/or operation of hydropower turbines and facilities to reduce the negative effects to American shad. Relative to other species, juvenile American shad have a high susceptibility to both rapid decompression and fluid shear. Reducing or preventing exposure to these stressors at hydropower facilities may be a potential method to assist in the effort to restore American shad populations.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Water Power Technologies Office (EE-4WP)
OSTI Identifier:
1601681
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Water (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Water (Basel) Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 2]; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4441
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Pflugrath, Brett D., Harnish, Ryan A., Rhode, Briana, Engbrecht, Kristin, Beirão, Bernardo, Mueller, Robert P., McCann, Erin L., Stephenson, John R., and Colotelo, Alison H. The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage. Switzerland: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/w12020586.
Pflugrath, Brett D., Harnish, Ryan A., Rhode, Briana, Engbrecht, Kristin, Beirão, Bernardo, Mueller, Robert P., McCann, Erin L., Stephenson, John R., & Colotelo, Alison H. The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage. Switzerland. doi:10.3390/w12020586.
Pflugrath, Brett D., Harnish, Ryan A., Rhode, Briana, Engbrecht, Kristin, Beirão, Bernardo, Mueller, Robert P., McCann, Erin L., Stephenson, John R., and Colotelo, Alison H. Thu . "The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage". Switzerland. doi:10.3390/w12020586.
@article{osti_1601681,
title = {The Susceptibility of Juvenile American Shad to Rapid Decompression and Fluid Shear Exposure Associated with Simulated Hydroturbine Passage},
author = {Pflugrath, Brett D. and Harnish, Ryan A. and Rhode, Briana and Engbrecht, Kristin and Beirão, Bernardo and Mueller, Robert P. and McCann, Erin L. and Stephenson, John R. and Colotelo, Alison H.},
abstractNote = {Throughout many areas of their native range, American shad (Alosa sapidissima) and other Alosine populations are in decline. Though several conditions have influenced these declines, hydropower facilities have had significant negative effects on American shad populations. Hydropower facilities expose ocean-migrating American shad to physical stressors during passage through hydropower facilities, including strike, rapid decompression, and fluid shear. In this laboratory-based study, juvenile American shad were exposed separately to rapid decompression and fluid shear to determine their susceptibility to these stressors and develop dose–response models. These dose–response relationships can help guide the development and/or operation of hydropower turbines and facilities to reduce the negative effects to American shad. Relative to other species, juvenile American shad have a high susceptibility to both rapid decompression and fluid shear. Reducing or preventing exposure to these stressors at hydropower facilities may be a potential method to assist in the effort to restore American shad populations.},
doi = {10.3390/w12020586},
journal = {Water (Basel)},
number = [2],
volume = [12],
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.3390/w12020586

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