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Title: Consensus statement for stability assessment and reporting for perovskite photovoltaics based on ISOS procedures

Abstract

Improving the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells is critical to the deployment of this technology. Despite the great emphasis laid on stability-related investigations, publications lack consistency in experimental procedures and parameters reported. It is therefore challenging to reproduce and compare results and thereby develop a deep understanding of degradation mechanisms. Here, we report a consensus between researchers in the field on procedures for testing perovskite solar cell stability, which are based on the International Summit on Organic Photovoltaic Stability (ISOS) protocols. We propose additional procedures to account for properties specific to PSCs such as ion redistribution under electric fields, reversible degradation and to distinguish ambient-induced degradation from other stress factors. These protocols are not intended as a replacement of the existing qualification standards, but rather they aim to unify the stability assessment and to understand failure modes. Finally, we identify key procedural information which we suggest reporting in publications to improve reproducibility and enable large data set analysis.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9]; ORCiD logo [7];  [10];  [11]; ORCiD logo [12];  [13]; ORCiD logo [14];  [15]; ORCiD logo [16];  [17]; ORCiD logo [18];  [19] more »;  [20]; ORCiD logo [20];  [21];  [22];  [23]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [24];  [25]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [26]; ORCiD logo [27];  [13]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [28];  [22]; ORCiD logo [29]; ORCiD logo [30]; ORCiD logo [31];  [8]; ORCiD logo [32];  [5];  [33]; ORCiD logo [34]; ORCiD logo [22]; ORCiD logo [35]; ORCiD logo [36]; ORCiD logo [20];  [37];  [27]; ORCiD logo [18]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [38]; ORCiD logo [39];  [40]; ORCiD logo [31];  [20]; ORCiD logo [5];  [40] « less
  1. Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev (Israel); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (Germany)
  2. Ben-Gurion Univ. of the Negev (Israel)
  3. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie GmbH (Germany)
  4. European Commission, Ispra (Italy). Joint Research Centre (JRC)
  5. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  6. Friedrich Alexander Univ. Erlangen Nürnberg (Germany); Helmholtz Inst. Erlangen-Nürnberg (HI-ErN), Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ) (Germany)
  7. Univ. of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy)
  8. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  9. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
  10. Chulalongkorn Univ., Bangkok (Thailand)
  11. Wuhan Univ. of Technology (China)
  12. Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany)
  13. Univ. of Grenoble Alpes (France)
  14. Fluxim AG, Winterthur (Switzerland)
  15. Saule Technologies, Wroclaw (Poland)
  16. CSIRO Energy, Mayfield West, NSW (Australia)
  17. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  18. TNO - Solliance, Eindhoven (The Netherlands)
  19. Univ. of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy); Univ. of Rome La Sapienza (Italy)
  20. École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
  21. Vrije Univ. Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
  22. Friedrich Schiller Univ. Jena (Germany)
  23. Bangor Univ., Gwynedd, Wales (United Kingdom)
  24. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)
  25. (Frank) [Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shaanxi (China); Shaanxi Normal Univ., (China)
  26. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Suzhou (China)
  27. Univ. of Southern Denmark, Sønderborg (Denmark)
  28. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  29. École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Sion (Switzerland)
  30. Univ. of Campinas (UNICAMP), Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  31. Boğaziçi Univ., Bebek, Istanbul (Turkey)
  32. Sungkyunkwan Univ. (SKKU), Suwon (Korea)
  33. Univ. of Rome Tor Vergata (Italy); Swansea Univ., Bay Campus (United Kingdom)
  34. Technical Univ. of Darmstadt (Germany); Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany)
  35. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)
  36. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom). Cavendish Lab.
  37. Skolkovo Inst. of Science and Technology, Moscow (Russia); IPCP RAS, Chernogolovka (Russia)
  38. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Yonsei Univ., Seoul (Korea)
  39. Swansea Univ., Bay Campus (United Kingdom)
  40. Catalan Inst. of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2), CSIC, Barcelona (Spain); The Barcelona Inst. of Science and Technology (Spain)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S); United States – Israel Binational Science Foundation; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1601445
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-74047
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; 2015757; 1610833; 1824674
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; perovskite solar cells; consensus; testing procedures; protocols; ISOS; International Summit on Organic Photovoltaic Stability; energy harvesting; energy science and technology; photovoltaics; renewable energy; solar energy

Citation Formats

Khenkin, Mark V., Katz, Eugene A., Abate, Antonio, Bardizza, Giorgio, Berry, Joseph J., Brabec, Christoph, Brunetti, Francesca, Bulović, Vladimir, Burlingame, Quinn, Di Carlo, Aldo, Cheacharoen, Rongrong, Cheng, Yi-Bing, Colsmann, Alexander, Cros, Stephane, Domanski, Konrad, Dusza, Michał, Fell, Christopher J., Forrest, Stephen R., Galagan, Yulia, Di Girolamo, Diego, Grätzel, Michael, Hagfeldt, Anders, von Hauff, Elizabeth, Hoppe, Harald, Kettle, Jeff, Köbler, Hans, Leite, Marina S., Liu, Shengzhong, Loo, Yueh-Lin, Luther, Joseph M., Ma, Chang-Qi, Madsen, Morten, Manceau, Matthieu, Matheron, Muriel, McGehee, Michael, Meitzner, Rico, Nazeeruddin, Mohammad Khaja, Nogueira, Ana Flavia, Odabaşı, Çağla, Osherov, Anna, Park, Nam-Gyu, Reese, Matthew O., De Rossi, Francesca, Saliba, Michael, Schubert, Ulrich S., Snaith, Henry J., Stranks, Samuel D., Tress, Wolfgang, Troshin, Pavel A., Turkovic, Vida, Veenstra, Sjoerd, Visoly-Fisher, Iris, Walsh, Aron, Watson, Trystan, Xie, Haibing, Yıldırım, Ramazan, Zakeeruddin, Shaik Mohammed, Zhu, Kai, and Lira-Cantu, Monica. Consensus statement for stability assessment and reporting for perovskite photovoltaics based on ISOS procedures. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0529-5.
Khenkin, Mark V., Katz, Eugene A., Abate, Antonio, Bardizza, Giorgio, Berry, Joseph J., Brabec, Christoph, Brunetti, Francesca, Bulović, Vladimir, Burlingame, Quinn, Di Carlo, Aldo, Cheacharoen, Rongrong, Cheng, Yi-Bing, Colsmann, Alexander, Cros, Stephane, Domanski, Konrad, Dusza, Michał, Fell, Christopher J., Forrest, Stephen R., Galagan, Yulia, Di Girolamo, Diego, Grätzel, Michael, Hagfeldt, Anders, von Hauff, Elizabeth, Hoppe, Harald, Kettle, Jeff, Köbler, Hans, Leite, Marina S., Liu, Shengzhong, Loo, Yueh-Lin, Luther, Joseph M., Ma, Chang-Qi, Madsen, Morten, Manceau, Matthieu, Matheron, Muriel, McGehee, Michael, Meitzner, Rico, Nazeeruddin, Mohammad Khaja, Nogueira, Ana Flavia, Odabaşı, Çağla, Osherov, Anna, Park, Nam-Gyu, Reese, Matthew O., De Rossi, Francesca, Saliba, Michael, Schubert, Ulrich S., Snaith, Henry J., Stranks, Samuel D., Tress, Wolfgang, Troshin, Pavel A., Turkovic, Vida, Veenstra, Sjoerd, Visoly-Fisher, Iris, Walsh, Aron, Watson, Trystan, Xie, Haibing, Yıldırım, Ramazan, Zakeeruddin, Shaik Mohammed, Zhu, Kai, & Lira-Cantu, Monica. Consensus statement for stability assessment and reporting for perovskite photovoltaics based on ISOS procedures. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0529-5.
Khenkin, Mark V., Katz, Eugene A., Abate, Antonio, Bardizza, Giorgio, Berry, Joseph J., Brabec, Christoph, Brunetti, Francesca, Bulović, Vladimir, Burlingame, Quinn, Di Carlo, Aldo, Cheacharoen, Rongrong, Cheng, Yi-Bing, Colsmann, Alexander, Cros, Stephane, Domanski, Konrad, Dusza, Michał, Fell, Christopher J., Forrest, Stephen R., Galagan, Yulia, Di Girolamo, Diego, Grätzel, Michael, Hagfeldt, Anders, von Hauff, Elizabeth, Hoppe, Harald, Kettle, Jeff, Köbler, Hans, Leite, Marina S., Liu, Shengzhong, Loo, Yueh-Lin, Luther, Joseph M., Ma, Chang-Qi, Madsen, Morten, Manceau, Matthieu, Matheron, Muriel, McGehee, Michael, Meitzner, Rico, Nazeeruddin, Mohammad Khaja, Nogueira, Ana Flavia, Odabaşı, Çağla, Osherov, Anna, Park, Nam-Gyu, Reese, Matthew O., De Rossi, Francesca, Saliba, Michael, Schubert, Ulrich S., Snaith, Henry J., Stranks, Samuel D., Tress, Wolfgang, Troshin, Pavel A., Turkovic, Vida, Veenstra, Sjoerd, Visoly-Fisher, Iris, Walsh, Aron, Watson, Trystan, Xie, Haibing, Yıldırım, Ramazan, Zakeeruddin, Shaik Mohammed, Zhu, Kai, and Lira-Cantu, Monica. Wed . "Consensus statement for stability assessment and reporting for perovskite photovoltaics based on ISOS procedures". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-019-0529-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1601445.
@article{osti_1601445,
title = {Consensus statement for stability assessment and reporting for perovskite photovoltaics based on ISOS procedures},
author = {Khenkin, Mark V. and Katz, Eugene A. and Abate, Antonio and Bardizza, Giorgio and Berry, Joseph J. and Brabec, Christoph and Brunetti, Francesca and Bulović, Vladimir and Burlingame, Quinn and Di Carlo, Aldo and Cheacharoen, Rongrong and Cheng, Yi-Bing and Colsmann, Alexander and Cros, Stephane and Domanski, Konrad and Dusza, Michał and Fell, Christopher J. and Forrest, Stephen R. and Galagan, Yulia and Di Girolamo, Diego and Grätzel, Michael and Hagfeldt, Anders and von Hauff, Elizabeth and Hoppe, Harald and Kettle, Jeff and Köbler, Hans and Leite, Marina S. and Liu, Shengzhong and Loo, Yueh-Lin and Luther, Joseph M. and Ma, Chang-Qi and Madsen, Morten and Manceau, Matthieu and Matheron, Muriel and McGehee, Michael and Meitzner, Rico and Nazeeruddin, Mohammad Khaja and Nogueira, Ana Flavia and Odabaşı, Çağla and Osherov, Anna and Park, Nam-Gyu and Reese, Matthew O. and De Rossi, Francesca and Saliba, Michael and Schubert, Ulrich S. and Snaith, Henry J. and Stranks, Samuel D. and Tress, Wolfgang and Troshin, Pavel A. and Turkovic, Vida and Veenstra, Sjoerd and Visoly-Fisher, Iris and Walsh, Aron and Watson, Trystan and Xie, Haibing and Yıldırım, Ramazan and Zakeeruddin, Shaik Mohammed and Zhu, Kai and Lira-Cantu, Monica},
abstractNote = {Improving the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells is critical to the deployment of this technology. Despite the great emphasis laid on stability-related investigations, publications lack consistency in experimental procedures and parameters reported. It is therefore challenging to reproduce and compare results and thereby develop a deep understanding of degradation mechanisms. Here, we report a consensus between researchers in the field on procedures for testing perovskite solar cell stability, which are based on the International Summit on Organic Photovoltaic Stability (ISOS) protocols. We propose additional procedures to account for properties specific to PSCs such as ion redistribution under electric fields, reversible degradation and to distinguish ambient-induced degradation from other stress factors. These protocols are not intended as a replacement of the existing qualification standards, but rather they aim to unify the stability assessment and to understand failure modes. Finally, we identify key procedural information which we suggest reporting in publications to improve reproducibility and enable large data set analysis.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-019-0529-5},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 1,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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