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Title: Elemental-sensitive Detection of the Chemistry in Batteries through Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering

Abstract

Energy storage has become more and more a limiting factor of today's sustainable energy applications, including electric vehicles and green electric grid based on volatile solar and wind sources. The pressing demand of developing high-performance electrochemical energy storage solutions, i.e., batteries, relies on both fundamental understanding and practical developments from both the academy and industry. The formidable challenge of developing successful battery technology stems from the different requirements for different energy-storage applications. Energy density, power, stability, safety, and cost parameters all have to be balanced in batteries to meet the requirements of different applications. Therefore, multiple battery technologies based on different materials and mechanisms need to be developed and optimized. Incisive tools that could directly probe the chemical reactions in various battery materials are becoming critical to advance the field beyond its conventional trial-and-error approach. Here, we present detailed protocols for soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (sXAS), soft X-ray emission spectroscopy (sXES), and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments, which are inherently elemental-sensitive probes of the transition-metal 3d and anion 2p states in battery compounds. We provide the details on the experimental techniques and demonstrations revealing the key chemical states in battery materials through these soft X-ray spectroscopy techniques.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [3]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Geballe Lab. for Advanced Materials; Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); Binghamton Univ., NY (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); Shandong Univ., Jinan (China). National Key Lab. of Crystal Materials
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)
  7. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); ; Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1601177
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 2018; Journal Issue: 134]; Journal ID: ISSN 1940-087X
Publisher:
MyJoVE Corp.
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Energy Storage; Li-ion Batteries; Na-ion Batteries; Soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (sXAS); Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering (RIXS); Redox reactions

Citation Formats

Wu, Jinpeng, Sallis, Shawn, Qiao, Ruimin, Li, Qinghao, Zhuo, Zengqing, Dai, Kehua, Guo, Zixuan, and Yang, Wanli. Elemental-sensitive Detection of the Chemistry in Batteries through Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.3791/57415.
Wu, Jinpeng, Sallis, Shawn, Qiao, Ruimin, Li, Qinghao, Zhuo, Zengqing, Dai, Kehua, Guo, Zixuan, & Yang, Wanli. Elemental-sensitive Detection of the Chemistry in Batteries through Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering. United States. doi:10.3791/57415.
Wu, Jinpeng, Sallis, Shawn, Qiao, Ruimin, Li, Qinghao, Zhuo, Zengqing, Dai, Kehua, Guo, Zixuan, and Yang, Wanli. Fri . "Elemental-sensitive Detection of the Chemistry in Batteries through Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering". United States. doi:10.3791/57415. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1601177.
@article{osti_1601177,
title = {Elemental-sensitive Detection of the Chemistry in Batteries through Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Resonant Inelastic X-ray Scattering},
author = {Wu, Jinpeng and Sallis, Shawn and Qiao, Ruimin and Li, Qinghao and Zhuo, Zengqing and Dai, Kehua and Guo, Zixuan and Yang, Wanli},
abstractNote = {Energy storage has become more and more a limiting factor of today's sustainable energy applications, including electric vehicles and green electric grid based on volatile solar and wind sources. The pressing demand of developing high-performance electrochemical energy storage solutions, i.e., batteries, relies on both fundamental understanding and practical developments from both the academy and industry. The formidable challenge of developing successful battery technology stems from the different requirements for different energy-storage applications. Energy density, power, stability, safety, and cost parameters all have to be balanced in batteries to meet the requirements of different applications. Therefore, multiple battery technologies based on different materials and mechanisms need to be developed and optimized. Incisive tools that could directly probe the chemical reactions in various battery materials are becoming critical to advance the field beyond its conventional trial-and-error approach. Here, we present detailed protocols for soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy (sXAS), soft X-ray emission spectroscopy (sXES), and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) experiments, which are inherently elemental-sensitive probes of the transition-metal 3d and anion 2p states in battery compounds. We provide the details on the experimental techniques and demonstrations revealing the key chemical states in battery materials through these soft X-ray spectroscopy techniques.},
doi = {10.3791/57415},
journal = {Journal of Visualized Experiments},
number = [134],
volume = [2018],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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