skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on November 11, 2020

Title: Black holes in the quantum universe

Abstract

A succinct summary is given of the problem of reconciling observation of black hole-like objects with quantum mechanics. If quantum black holes behave like subsystems, and also decay, their information must be transferred to their environments. Interactions that accomplish this with `minimal' departure from a standard description are parameterized. Lastly, possible sensitivity of gravitational wave or very long baseline interferometric observations to these interactions is briefly outlined.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1600688
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0011702
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 377; Journal Issue: 2161; Journal ID: ISSN 1364-503X
Publisher:
The Royal Society Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Black holes; unitarity; quantum information

Citation Formats

Giddings, Steven B. Black holes in the quantum universe. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0029.
Giddings, Steven B. Black holes in the quantum universe. United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0029.
Giddings, Steven B. Mon . "Black holes in the quantum universe". United States. doi:10.1098/rsta.2019.0029.
@article{osti_1600688,
title = {Black holes in the quantum universe},
author = {Giddings, Steven B.},
abstractNote = {A succinct summary is given of the problem of reconciling observation of black hole-like objects with quantum mechanics. If quantum black holes behave like subsystems, and also decay, their information must be transferred to their environments. Interactions that accomplish this with `minimal' departure from a standard description are parameterized. Lastly, possible sensitivity of gravitational wave or very long baseline interferometric observations to these interactions is briefly outlined.},
doi = {10.1098/rsta.2019.0029},
journal = {Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. A, Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
number = 2161,
volume = 377,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on November 11, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Why aren’t black holes infinitely produced?
journal, June 1995


Mining energy from a black hole by strings
journal, May 2001


Information in black hole radiation
journal, December 1993


Construction of bulk fields with gauge redundancy
journal, September 2012


Nonviolent unitarization: basic postulates to soft quantum structure of black holes
journal, December 2017


Quantum emission from two-dimensional black holes
journal, September 1992


Locality in quantum gravity and string theory
journal, November 2006


Hilbert space structure in quantum gravity: an algebraic perspective
journal, December 2015


First M87 Event Horizon Telescope Results. I. The Shadow of the Supermassive Black Hole
journal, April 2019

  • Akiyama, Kazunori; Alberdi, Antxon; Alef, Walter
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 875, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/ab0ec7

The information paradox and the locality bound
journal, June 2004


Black holes: complementarity or firewalls?
journal, February 2013

  • Almheiri, Ahmed; Marolf, Donald; Polchinski, Joseph
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2013)062

Average entropy of a subsystem
journal, August 1993


Quantum-First Gravity
journal, February 2019


Precursors, black holes, and a locality bound
journal, December 2001


Breakdown of predictability in gravitational collapse
journal, November 1976


How is quantum information localized in gravity?
journal, October 2017


How to mine energy from a black hole
journal, March 1983

  • Unruh, William G.; Wald, Robert M.
  • General Relativity and Gravitation, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00759206

Event Horizon Telescope observations as probes for quantum structure of astrophysical black holes
journal, April 2018


Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger
journal, February 2016


Soft Hair on Black Holes
journal, June 2016


Quantum information or entanglement transfer between subsystems
journal, December 2018


Superrotation charge and supertranslation hair on black holes
journal, May 2017

  • Hawking, Stephen W.; Perry, Malcolm J.; Strominger, Andrew
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2017)161

Difficulties for the evolution of pure states into mixed states
journal, September 1984


Universal quantum mechanics
journal, October 2008


Quantum gravity: a quantum-first approach
journal, November 2018


Black hole evaporation along macroscopic strings
journal, August 1994


Cosmic Strings and Energy Mining from Black Holes
journal, August 2002


Detection of orbital motions near the last stable circular orbit of the massive black hole SgrA*
journal, October 2018


The information paradox: a pedagogical introduction
journal, October 2009


Testing quantum mechanics
journal, September 1989


Black holes, quantum information, and unitary evolution
journal, June 2012


Particle creation by black holes
journal, August 1975

  • Hawking, S. W.
  • Communications In Mathematical Physics, Vol. 43, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02345020

Nonlocality versus complementarity: a conservative approach to the information problem
journal, December 2010


Decoding the hologram: Scalar fields interacting with gravity
journal, March 2014


Black hole entropy and soft hair
journal, December 2018

  • Haco, Sasha; Hawking, Stephen W.; Perry, Malcolm J.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP12(2018)098

Better Late than Never: Information Retrieval from Black Holes
journal, March 2013


Gravitational splitting at first order: Quantum information localization in gravity
journal, October 2018


Bulk entanglement gravity without a boundary: Towards finding Einstein’s equation in Hilbert space
journal, April 2018


Space from Hilbert space: Recovering geometry from bulk entanglement
journal, January 2017


Searching for Quantum Black Hole Structure with the Event Horizon Telescope
journal, September 2019


Modulated Hawking radiation and a nonviolent channel for information release
journal, November 2014


Diffeomorphism-invariant observables and their nonlocal algebra
journal, January 2016