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Title: Infrared plasmonics: STEM-EELS characterization of Fabry-Pérot resonance damping in gold nanowires

Abstract

Materials possessing strong midinfrared responses are of current interest because of their potential application to long-wavelength metamaterials, photonic devices, molecular detection, and catalysis. In this work, we utilize high-energy resolution (80 cm-1, 10 meV) electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a monochromated and aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) to resolve multipolar surface plasmon resonances (SPRs), sometimes called Fabry-Pérot (FP) resonances, in gold nanowires with mode energies spanning from ~1000 to 8000 cm-1. STEM-EELS provides access to these mid- to near-IR responses in a single acquisition, avoiding the difficulties inherent in obtaining the same data using near-field optical techniques. The experimentally measured FP resonance energies and linewidths, together with analytical modeling and full-wave numerical electrodynamics simulations, provide a comprehensive picture of the radiative and intrinsic contributions to the total damping rates. We find some FP modes with dephasing times >60fs, which is almost twice the longest previously reported plasmon dephasing time for individual Au nanoparticles in the infrared. The long dephasing times and the broad tunability of the FP resonance energies throughout the infrared region suggest additional opportunities for harnessing infrared plasmonic energy before dephasing occurs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
  4. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
  5. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1598862
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018040; SC0018169; DMR-1709275; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Wu, Yueying, Hu, Zhongwei, Kong, Xiang-Tian, Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Nixon, Austin G., Rack, Philip D., Masiello, David J., and Camden, Jon P. Infrared plasmonics: STEM-EELS characterization of Fabry-Pérot resonance damping in gold nanowires. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.085409.
Wu, Yueying, Hu, Zhongwei, Kong, Xiang-Tian, Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Nixon, Austin G., Rack, Philip D., Masiello, David J., & Camden, Jon P. Infrared plasmonics: STEM-EELS characterization of Fabry-Pérot resonance damping in gold nanowires. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.101.085409
Wu, Yueying, Hu, Zhongwei, Kong, Xiang-Tian, Idrobo, Juan Carlos, Nixon, Austin G., Rack, Philip D., Masiello, David J., and Camden, Jon P. Mon . "Infrared plasmonics: STEM-EELS characterization of Fabry-Pérot resonance damping in gold nanowires". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.101.085409. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598862.
@article{osti_1598862,
title = {Infrared plasmonics: STEM-EELS characterization of Fabry-Pérot resonance damping in gold nanowires},
author = {Wu, Yueying and Hu, Zhongwei and Kong, Xiang-Tian and Idrobo, Juan Carlos and Nixon, Austin G. and Rack, Philip D. and Masiello, David J. and Camden, Jon P.},
abstractNote = {Materials possessing strong midinfrared responses are of current interest because of their potential application to long-wavelength metamaterials, photonic devices, molecular detection, and catalysis. In this work, we utilize high-energy resolution (80 cm-1, 10 meV) electron-energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a monochromated and aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) to resolve multipolar surface plasmon resonances (SPRs), sometimes called Fabry-Pérot (FP) resonances, in gold nanowires with mode energies spanning from ~1000 to 8000 cm-1. STEM-EELS provides access to these mid- to near-IR responses in a single acquisition, avoiding the difficulties inherent in obtaining the same data using near-field optical techniques. The experimentally measured FP resonance energies and linewidths, together with analytical modeling and full-wave numerical electrodynamics simulations, provide a comprehensive picture of the radiative and intrinsic contributions to the total damping rates. We find some FP modes with dephasing times >60fs, which is almost twice the longest previously reported plasmon dephasing time for individual Au nanoparticles in the infrared. The long dephasing times and the broad tunability of the FP resonance energies throughout the infrared region suggest additional opportunities for harnessing infrared plasmonic energy before dephasing occurs.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.085409},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 8,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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