skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on February 6, 2021

Title: Atmospheric 81 Kr as an Integrator of Cosmic‐Ray Flux on the Hundred‐Thousand‐Year Time Scale

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [4];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [7]
  1. Physics DivisionArgonne National Laboratory Lemont IL USA
  2. Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of Bern Bern Switzerland
  3. Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute and Oeschger Centre for Climate Change ResearchUniversity of Bern Bern Switzerland, CSIRO Land and Water Glen Osmond Southern Australia Australia
  4. Physics DivisionArgonne National Laboratory Lemont IL USA, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, CAS Center for Excellence in Quantum Information and Quantum PhysicsUniversity of Science and Technology of China Hefei China
  5. Earth Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA USA
  6. Department of Nuclear PhysicsComenius University Bratislava Slovakia
  7. Nuclear and Chemical Sciences DivisionLawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore CA USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1598690
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE‐AC52‐07NA27344; DE‐AC02‐05CH11231; DE‐AC02‐06CH11357
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters Journal Volume: 47 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Zappala, J. C., Baggenstos, D., Gerber, C., Jiang, W., Kennedy, B. M., Lu, Z. ‐T., Masarik, J., Mueller, P., Purtschert, R., and Visser, A. Atmospheric 81 Kr as an Integrator of Cosmic‐Ray Flux on the Hundred‐Thousand‐Year Time Scale. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019GL086381.
Zappala, J. C., Baggenstos, D., Gerber, C., Jiang, W., Kennedy, B. M., Lu, Z. ‐T., Masarik, J., Mueller, P., Purtschert, R., & Visser, A. Atmospheric 81 Kr as an Integrator of Cosmic‐Ray Flux on the Hundred‐Thousand‐Year Time Scale. United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL086381.
Zappala, J. C., Baggenstos, D., Gerber, C., Jiang, W., Kennedy, B. M., Lu, Z. ‐T., Masarik, J., Mueller, P., Purtschert, R., and Visser, A. Mon . "Atmospheric 81 Kr as an Integrator of Cosmic‐Ray Flux on the Hundred‐Thousand‐Year Time Scale". United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL086381.
@article{osti_1598690,
title = {Atmospheric 81 Kr as an Integrator of Cosmic‐Ray Flux on the Hundred‐Thousand‐Year Time Scale},
author = {Zappala, J. C. and Baggenstos, D. and Gerber, C. and Jiang, W. and Kennedy, B. M. and Lu, Z. ‐T. and Masarik, J. and Mueller, P. and Purtschert, R. and Visser, A.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1029/2019GL086381},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on February 6, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Geostatistical analysis of tritium, groundwater age and other noble gas derived parameters in California
journal, March 2016


Geomagnetic moment instability between 0.6 and 1.3 Ma from cosmonuclide evidence: GEOMAGNETIC MOMENT INSTABILITY
journal, August 2003

  • Carcaillet, Julien T.; Thouveny, Nicolas; Bourlès, Didier L.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 30, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GL017550

A 200 kyr record of cosmogenic radionuclide production rate and geomagnetic field intensity from 10Be in globally stacked deep-sea sediments
journal, June 1997


Radiokrypton unveils dual moisture sources of a deep desert aquifer
journal, July 2019

  • Yokochi, Reika; Ram, Roi; Zappala, Jake C.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1904260116

Noble gases, stable isotopes, and radiocarbon as tracers of flow in the Dakota aquifer, Colorado and Kansas
journal, November 1998


Rapid processing of 85 Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis: RAPID PROCESSING OF 85 Kr/Kr RATIOS
journal, March 2017

  • Zappala, J. C.; Bailey, K.; Mueller, P.
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 53, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016WR020082

Climate change and solar variability: What's new under the sun?
journal, August 2006


Simulation of particle fluxes and cosmogenic nuclide production in the Earth's atmosphere
journal, May 1999

  • Masarik, J.; Beer, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 104, Issue D10
  • DOI: 10.1029/1998JD200091

Cosmogenic Radionuclides as an Extension of the Neutron Monitor Era into the Past: Potential and Limitations
journal, December 2011


37Ar and81Kr in the atmosphere
journal, October 1969


Sedimentary records of relative paleointensity of the geomagnetic field: Theory and practice
journal, January 1993


New Measurement of the 81 Kr Atmospheric Abundance
journal, January 1980


An updated simulation of particle fluxes and cosmogenic nuclide production in the Earth's atmosphere
journal, January 2009

  • Masarik, J.; Beer, J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD010557

Geomagnetic dipole strength and reversal rate over the past two million years
journal, June 2005

  • Valet, Jean-Pierre; Meynadier, Laure; Guyodo, Yohan
  • Nature, Vol. 435, Issue 7043
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature03674

Reconstruction of the geomagnetic field between 20 and 60 kyr BP from cosmogenic radionuclides in the GRIP ice core
journal, October 2000

  • Wagner, G.; Masarik, J.; Beer, J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 172, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(00)00285-8

Geomagnetic Modulation of the 36Cl Flux in the GRIP Ice Core, Greenland
journal, February 1998


Variations in solar magnetic activity during the last 200 000 years: is there a Sun–climate connection?
journal, June 2002


Ultrasensitive Isotope Trace Analyses with a Magneto-Optical Trap
journal, November 1999


Tracer applications of noble gas radionuclides in the geosciences
journal, November 2014


An atom counter for measuring 81Kr and 85Kr in environmental samples
journal, August 2012


Correction of in situ cosmogenic nuclide production rates for geomagnetic field intensity variations during the past 800,000 years
journal, September 2001


Terrestrial cosmogenic-nuclide production systematics calculated from numerical simulations
journal, December 1995


Measurement of 81Kr in the atmosphere
journal, March 1997

  • Collon, P.; Antaya, T.; Davids, B.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 123, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(96)00674-X

Heliuim-3 mass spectrometry for low-level tritium analysis of environmental samples
journal, August 1992

  • Surano, K. A.; Hudson, G. B.; Failor, R. A.
  • Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry Articles, Vol. 161, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF02040491

Measurement of the Long-lived Radionuclide 81Kr in Pre-nuclear and Present-day Atmospheric Krypton
journal, January 1999


Nuclide production by primary cosmic-ray protons
journal, March 1987


The Concentration of Krypton in the Atmosphere—Its Revision after Half a Century—
journal, October 2005


Overview of the Workshop on Secular Variations in Production Rates of Cosmogenic Nuclides on Earth
journal, January 1996


Ion current as a precise measure of the loading rate of a magneto-optical trap
journal, January 2014


Effects of bulk composition on nuclide production processes in meteorites
journal, December 1994


Recent and Historical Solar Proton Events
journal, January 1992


Solar Modulation Effects in Terrestrial Production of Carbon-14
journal, January 1980


On the Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of the Cosmogenic Radionuclides (10Be): A Review
journal, October 2011


Use of 10Be in polar ice to trace the 11-year cycle of solar activity
journal, September 1990

  • Beer, J.; Blinov, A.; Bonani, G.
  • Nature, Vol. 347, Issue 6289
  • DOI: 10.1038/347164a0

Production of cosmogenic 7 Be isotope in the atmosphere: Full 3-D modeling
journal, January 2008

  • Usoskin, Ilya G.; Kovaltsov, Gennady A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009725

An analysis of the fluctuations of the geomagnetic dipole
journal, July 2007

  • Brendel, K.; Kuipers, J.; Barkema, G. T.
  • Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 162, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.pepi.2007.05.005

Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 81
journal, October 2008


New methods for measuring atmospheric heavy noble gas isotope and elemental ratios in ice core samples
journal, April 2018

  • Bereiter, Bernhard; Kawamura, Kenji; Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.
  • Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, Vol. 32, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/rcm.8099

Radiometric 81Kr dating identifies 120,000-year-old ice at Taylor Glacier, Antarctica
journal, April 2014

  • Buizert, C.; Baggenstos, D.; Jiang, W.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1320329111

Elemental and Isotopic Composition of the Galactic Cosmic Rays
journal, December 1983