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Title: A review of the discovery reach of directional Dark Matter detection

Abstract

Cosmological observations indicate that most of the matter in the Universe is Dark Matter. Dark Matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) can be detected directly, via its elastic scattering off target nuclei. Most current direct detection experiments only measure the energy of the recoiling nuclei. However, directional detection experiments are sensitive to the direction of the nuclear recoil as well. Due to the Sun's motion with respect to the Galactic rest frame, the directional recoil rate has a dipole feature, peaking around the direction of the Solar motion. This provides a powerful tool for demonstrating the Galactic origin of nuclear recoils and hence unambiguously detecting Dark Matter. Furthermore, the directional recoil distribution depends on the WIMP mass, scattering cross section and local velocity distribution. Therefore, with a large number of recoil events it will be possible to study the physics of Dark Matter in terms of particle and astrophysical properties. Lastly, we review the potential of directional detectors for detecting and characterizing WIMPs.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [2];  [13];  [10];  [14]
  1. Université Grenoble Alpes (France)
  2. Univ. of Nottingham (United Kingdom)
  3. Wellesley College, MA (United States)
  4. Université de Lyon (France)
  5. Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  6. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  8. Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Sorbonne Universités, Paris (France)
  9. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Broad Inst., Cambridge, MA (United States)
  10. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  11. Univ. of London, Egham Hill, Surrey (United Kingdom)
  12. Univ. of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom)
  13. The Ohio State Univ., Columbus, OH (United States)
  14. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States); Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; Research Corporation for Science Advancement; European Research Council (ERC); Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); Leverhulme Trust; John Templeton Foundation; U.S. Department of Homeland Security
OSTI Identifier:
1598645
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359755
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010504; SC0009937; SC0007852; BR2012-011; 23325; 277591; ST/L000393/1; RPG-192; FP7/2007–2013; 278234; 48222; 2011-DN-077-ARI050-03
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 627; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0370-1573
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Mayet, F., Green, A. M., Battat, J. B. R., Billard, J., Bozorgnia, N., Gelmini, G. B., Gondolo, P., Kavanagh, B. J., Lee, S. K., Loomba, D., Monroe, J., Morgan, B., O’Hare, C. A. J., Peter, A. H. G., Phan, N. S., and Vahsen, S. E. A review of the discovery reach of directional Dark Matter detection. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2016.02.007.
Mayet, F., Green, A. M., Battat, J. B. R., Billard, J., Bozorgnia, N., Gelmini, G. B., Gondolo, P., Kavanagh, B. J., Lee, S. K., Loomba, D., Monroe, J., Morgan, B., O’Hare, C. A. J., Peter, A. H. G., Phan, N. S., & Vahsen, S. E. A review of the discovery reach of directional Dark Matter detection. United States. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2016.02.007.
Mayet, F., Green, A. M., Battat, J. B. R., Billard, J., Bozorgnia, N., Gelmini, G. B., Gondolo, P., Kavanagh, B. J., Lee, S. K., Loomba, D., Monroe, J., Morgan, B., O’Hare, C. A. J., Peter, A. H. G., Phan, N. S., and Vahsen, S. E. Fri . "A review of the discovery reach of directional Dark Matter detection". United States. doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2016.02.007. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598645.
@article{osti_1598645,
title = {A review of the discovery reach of directional Dark Matter detection},
author = {Mayet, F. and Green, A. M. and Battat, J. B. R. and Billard, J. and Bozorgnia, N. and Gelmini, G. B. and Gondolo, P. and Kavanagh, B. J. and Lee, S. K. and Loomba, D. and Monroe, J. and Morgan, B. and O’Hare, C. A. J. and Peter, A. H. G. and Phan, N. S. and Vahsen, S. E.},
abstractNote = {Cosmological observations indicate that most of the matter in the Universe is Dark Matter. Dark Matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) can be detected directly, via its elastic scattering off target nuclei. Most current direct detection experiments only measure the energy of the recoiling nuclei. However, directional detection experiments are sensitive to the direction of the nuclear recoil as well. Due to the Sun's motion with respect to the Galactic rest frame, the directional recoil rate has a dipole feature, peaking around the direction of the Solar motion. This provides a powerful tool for demonstrating the Galactic origin of nuclear recoils and hence unambiguously detecting Dark Matter. Furthermore, the directional recoil distribution depends on the WIMP mass, scattering cross section and local velocity distribution. Therefore, with a large number of recoil events it will be possible to study the physics of Dark Matter in terms of particle and astrophysical properties. Lastly, we review the potential of directional detectors for detecting and characterizing WIMPs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.physrep.2016.02.007},
journal = {Physics Reports},
number = C,
volume = 627,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}

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Graphene-based detectors for directional dark matter detection
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