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Title: Challenges of Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles and the Role of Red Phosphorous as Anode Material: Review

Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) are being endorsed as the uppermost successor to fuel-powered cars, with timetables for banning the sale of petrol-fueled vehicles announced in many countries. However, the range and charging times of EVs are still considerable concerns. Fast charging could be a solution to consumers’ range anxiety and the acceptance of EVs. Nevertheless, it is a complicated and systematized challenge to realize the fast charging of EVs because it includes the coordinated development of battery cells, including electrode materials, EV battery power systems, charging piles, electric grids, etc. This paper aims to serve as an analysis for the development of fast-charging technology, with a discussion of the current situation, constraints and development direction of EV fast-charging technologies from the macroscale and microscale perspectives of fast-charging challenges. If the problem of fast-charging can be solved, it will satisfy consumers’ demand for 10-min charging and accelerate the development of electric vehicles. This paper summarized the development statuses, issues, and trends of the macro battery technology and micro battery technology. It is emphasized that to essentially solve the problem of fast charging, the development of new battery materials, especially anode materials with improved lithium ion diffusion coefficients, is the key. Finally, itmore » is highlighted that red phosphorus is one of the most promising anodes that can simultaneously satisfy the double standards of high-energy density and fast-charging performance to a maximum degree.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Foshan Univ. (China). School of Materials Science and Energy Engineering; Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy
  2. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China). Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1598574
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energies (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Energies (Basel); Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 1996-1073
Publisher:
MDPI AG
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; electric vehicles; electrode materials; fast-charging; infrastructure; li-ion batteries

Citation Formats

Zhao, Hong, Wang, Li, Chen, Zonghai, and He, Xiangming. Challenges of Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles and the Role of Red Phosphorous as Anode Material: Review. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/en12203897.
Zhao, Hong, Wang, Li, Chen, Zonghai, & He, Xiangming. Challenges of Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles and the Role of Red Phosphorous as Anode Material: Review. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203897
Zhao, Hong, Wang, Li, Chen, Zonghai, and He, Xiangming. Tue . "Challenges of Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles and the Role of Red Phosphorous as Anode Material: Review". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/en12203897. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598574.
@article{osti_1598574,
title = {Challenges of Fast Charging for Electric Vehicles and the Role of Red Phosphorous as Anode Material: Review},
author = {Zhao, Hong and Wang, Li and Chen, Zonghai and He, Xiangming},
abstractNote = {Electric vehicles (EVs) are being endorsed as the uppermost successor to fuel-powered cars, with timetables for banning the sale of petrol-fueled vehicles announced in many countries. However, the range and charging times of EVs are still considerable concerns. Fast charging could be a solution to consumers’ range anxiety and the acceptance of EVs. Nevertheless, it is a complicated and systematized challenge to realize the fast charging of EVs because it includes the coordinated development of battery cells, including electrode materials, EV battery power systems, charging piles, electric grids, etc. This paper aims to serve as an analysis for the development of fast-charging technology, with a discussion of the current situation, constraints and development direction of EV fast-charging technologies from the macroscale and microscale perspectives of fast-charging challenges. If the problem of fast-charging can be solved, it will satisfy consumers’ demand for 10-min charging and accelerate the development of electric vehicles. This paper summarized the development statuses, issues, and trends of the macro battery technology and micro battery technology. It is emphasized that to essentially solve the problem of fast charging, the development of new battery materials, especially anode materials with improved lithium ion diffusion coefficients, is the key. Finally, it is highlighted that red phosphorus is one of the most promising anodes that can simultaneously satisfy the double standards of high-energy density and fast-charging performance to a maximum degree.},
doi = {10.3390/en12203897},
journal = {Energies (Basel)},
number = 20,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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