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Title: Directed energy system technology for the control of soilborne fungal pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND It is challenging to manage soilborne pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes using sustainable practices. Here, we evaluated a novel energy application system, Directed Energy System (DES). This system generates pulses of energy capable of impacting selected biological organisms. The oomycete Phytophthora cinnamomi , the fungus Verticillium dahliae , and the plant‐parasitic nematodes Meloidogyne hapla and Globodera ellingtonae were added to soil. Then DES‐generated energy was applied to soil and impacts on target organisms were determined. RESULTS DES applied at 20, 40 and 70 J cm −3 to P. cinnamomi and V. dahliae resulted in ≥50% and 92% reductions (respectively) of propagules per gram of soil in comparison to the untreated control. There was a significant reduction of M. hapla eggs per gram of host tomato root between the untreated control, and 2.2, 13 and 25 J cm −3 DES dosages applied pre‐ or post‐planting. Additionally, an 84% reduction in hatch from G. ellingtonae encysted eggs after treatment with 70 J cm −3 DES was observed. The dosages ranged from 40 or 80V mm −1 for nematodes to 200 V mm −1 for fungi. CONCLUSION DES‐generated energy reduced survival of the soilborne pathogens P. cinnamomi and V. dahlia, and the plant‐parasitic nematodes M. hapla and G. ellingtonae . Themore » application of this technology to a field setting remains to be considered. Published 2020. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Pest Management Science published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lisi Global Inc Richland WA USA
  2. USDA‐Agricultural Research Service Horticultural Crops Research Unit Corvallis OR USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1598389
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1598390
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Pest Management Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Pest Management Science Journal Volume: 76 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1526-498X
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Riga, Ekaterini, Crisp, Jason D., McComb, Gordon J., Weiland, Jerry E., and Zasada, Inga A. Directed energy system technology for the control of soilborne fungal pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1002/ps.5745.
Riga, Ekaterini, Crisp, Jason D., McComb, Gordon J., Weiland, Jerry E., & Zasada, Inga A. Directed energy system technology for the control of soilborne fungal pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5745
Riga, Ekaterini, Crisp, Jason D., McComb, Gordon J., Weiland, Jerry E., and Zasada, Inga A. Fri . "Directed energy system technology for the control of soilborne fungal pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5745.
@article{osti_1598389,
title = {Directed energy system technology for the control of soilborne fungal pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes},
author = {Riga, Ekaterini and Crisp, Jason D. and McComb, Gordon J. and Weiland, Jerry E. and Zasada, Inga A.},
abstractNote = {Abstract BACKGROUND It is challenging to manage soilborne pathogens and plant‐parasitic nematodes using sustainable practices. Here, we evaluated a novel energy application system, Directed Energy System (DES). This system generates pulses of energy capable of impacting selected biological organisms. The oomycete Phytophthora cinnamomi , the fungus Verticillium dahliae , and the plant‐parasitic nematodes Meloidogyne hapla and Globodera ellingtonae were added to soil. Then DES‐generated energy was applied to soil and impacts on target organisms were determined. RESULTS DES applied at 20, 40 and 70 J cm −3 to P. cinnamomi and V. dahliae resulted in ≥50% and 92% reductions (respectively) of propagules per gram of soil in comparison to the untreated control. There was a significant reduction of M. hapla eggs per gram of host tomato root between the untreated control, and 2.2, 13 and 25 J cm −3 DES dosages applied pre‐ or post‐planting. Additionally, an 84% reduction in hatch from G. ellingtonae encysted eggs after treatment with 70 J cm −3 DES was observed. The dosages ranged from 40 or 80V mm −1 for nematodes to 200 V mm −1 for fungi. CONCLUSION DES‐generated energy reduced survival of the soilborne pathogens P. cinnamomi and V. dahlia, and the plant‐parasitic nematodes M. hapla and G. ellingtonae . The application of this technology to a field setting remains to be considered. Published 2020. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Pest Management Science published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.},
doi = {10.1002/ps.5745},
journal = {Pest Management Science},
number = 6,
volume = 76,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
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https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.5745

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