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Title: Enhanced Interfacial Stability of Hybrid-Electrolyte Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Layer of Multifunctional Polymer with Intrinsic Nanoporosity

Abstract

We report that the use of lithium-ion conductive solid electrolytes offers a promising approach to address the polysulfide-shuttle and the lithium-dendrite problems in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. One critical issue with the development of solid-electrolyte Li-S batteries is the electrode-electrolyte interfaces. We present herein a strategic approach by employing a thin layer of a polymer with intrinsic nanoporosity (PIN) on a Li+-ion conductive solid electrolyte, which significantly enhances the ionic interfaces between the electrodes and the solid electrolyte. Among the various types of Li+-ion solid electrolytes, NASICON-type Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (LATP) offers advantages in terms of Li+-ion conductivity, stability in ambient environment, and practical viability. However, LATP is susceptible to reaction with both the Li-metal anode and polysulfides in Li-S batteries due to the presence of easily reducible Ti4+ ions in it. The coating with a thin layer of PIN presented in this study overcomes the above issues. At the negative-electrode side, the PIN layer prevents the direct contact of Li-metal with the LATP solid electrolyte, circumventing the reduction of LATP by Li metal. Lastly, at the positive electrode side, the PIN layer prevents the migration of polysulfides to the surface of LATP, preventing the reduction of LATP by polysulfides.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Materials Science & Engineering Program and Texas Materials Institute
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1598245
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1483149
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0005397
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; electrode–electrolyte interface; lithium polysulfide; lithium‐sulfur batteries; polymer with intrinsic nanoporosity; solid electrolyte

Citation Formats

Yu, Xingwen, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Enhanced Interfacial Stability of Hybrid-Electrolyte Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Layer of Multifunctional Polymer with Intrinsic Nanoporosity. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201805996.
Yu, Xingwen, & Manthiram, Arumugam. Enhanced Interfacial Stability of Hybrid-Electrolyte Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Layer of Multifunctional Polymer with Intrinsic Nanoporosity. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201805996.
Yu, Xingwen, and Manthiram, Arumugam. Fri . "Enhanced Interfacial Stability of Hybrid-Electrolyte Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Layer of Multifunctional Polymer with Intrinsic Nanoporosity". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201805996. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1598245.
@article{osti_1598245,
title = {Enhanced Interfacial Stability of Hybrid-Electrolyte Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with a Layer of Multifunctional Polymer with Intrinsic Nanoporosity},
author = {Yu, Xingwen and Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {We report that the use of lithium-ion conductive solid electrolytes offers a promising approach to address the polysulfide-shuttle and the lithium-dendrite problems in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. One critical issue with the development of solid-electrolyte Li-S batteries is the electrode-electrolyte interfaces. We present herein a strategic approach by employing a thin layer of a polymer with intrinsic nanoporosity (PIN) on a Li+-ion conductive solid electrolyte, which significantly enhances the ionic interfaces between the electrodes and the solid electrolyte. Among the various types of Li+-ion solid electrolytes, NASICON-type Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (LATP) offers advantages in terms of Li+-ion conductivity, stability in ambient environment, and practical viability. However, LATP is susceptible to reaction with both the Li-metal anode and polysulfides in Li-S batteries due to the presence of easily reducible Ti4+ ions in it. The coating with a thin layer of PIN presented in this study overcomes the above issues. At the negative-electrode side, the PIN layer prevents the direct contact of Li-metal with the LATP solid electrolyte, circumventing the reduction of LATP by Li metal. Lastly, at the positive electrode side, the PIN layer prevents the migration of polysulfides to the surface of LATP, preventing the reduction of LATP by polysulfides.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201805996},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 29,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 12 works
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