skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Impacts of feedstock properties on the process economics of fast-pyrolysis biorefineries: Understanding how feedstock properties affect process economics

Abstract

Feedstock properties are an important factor affecting process yields and economics of fast pyrolysis biorefineries. Here, this study develops a fast pyrolysis process model sensitive to feedstock properties based on the experimental results. 64 simulations are run to evaluate the impacts of carbon, ash and moisture content in biomass feedstocks on process yields and energy consumptions. An economic analysis is conducted for each run to quantify process economics under different feedstock properties. With biomass feedstocks of 48% carbon and 15% moisture, Minimum Fuel Selling Price (MFSP) increases from $0.97/L to $1.06/L when ash content increases from 1% to 7%, due to reduced hydrocarbon yields. With biomass feedstocks of 48% carbon and 3% ash content, MFSP increases from $1.03/L to $1.08/L when feedstock moisture increases from 15% to 45% as a consequence of increased energy demand for feedstock drying. Finally, the impact of feedstock ash content decreases gradually as ash content increases. Feedstock carbon content has less significant impacts on process economics in this study.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials, Seattle, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1597393
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1420448
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0002992; EE0006639
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; fast pyrolysis; techno-economic analysis; process modeling; ash content; moisture content; biomass

Citation Formats

Ou, Longwen, Kim, Hoyong, Kelley, Stephen, and Park, Sunkyu. Impacts of feedstock properties on the process economics of fast-pyrolysis biorefineries: Understanding how feedstock properties affect process economics. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.1860.
Ou, Longwen, Kim, Hoyong, Kelley, Stephen, & Park, Sunkyu. Impacts of feedstock properties on the process economics of fast-pyrolysis biorefineries: Understanding how feedstock properties affect process economics. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1860.
Ou, Longwen, Kim, Hoyong, Kelley, Stephen, and Park, Sunkyu. Wed . "Impacts of feedstock properties on the process economics of fast-pyrolysis biorefineries: Understanding how feedstock properties affect process economics". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.1860. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1597393.
@article{osti_1597393,
title = {Impacts of feedstock properties on the process economics of fast-pyrolysis biorefineries: Understanding how feedstock properties affect process economics},
author = {Ou, Longwen and Kim, Hoyong and Kelley, Stephen and Park, Sunkyu},
abstractNote = {Feedstock properties are an important factor affecting process yields and economics of fast pyrolysis biorefineries. Here, this study develops a fast pyrolysis process model sensitive to feedstock properties based on the experimental results. 64 simulations are run to evaluate the impacts of carbon, ash and moisture content in biomass feedstocks on process yields and energy consumptions. An economic analysis is conducted for each run to quantify process economics under different feedstock properties. With biomass feedstocks of 48% carbon and 15% moisture, Minimum Fuel Selling Price (MFSP) increases from $0.97/L to $1.06/L when ash content increases from 1% to 7%, due to reduced hydrocarbon yields. With biomass feedstocks of 48% carbon and 3% ash content, MFSP increases from $1.03/L to $1.08/L when feedstock moisture increases from 15% to 45% as a consequence of increased energy demand for feedstock drying. Finally, the impact of feedstock ash content decreases gradually as ash content increases. Feedstock carbon content has less significant impacts on process economics in this study.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.1860},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
number = 3,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Techno-economic analysis of biomass fast pyrolysis to transportation fuels
journal, November 2010


A techno-economic comparison of power production by biomass fast pyrolysis with gasification and combustion
journal, September 2002


Chemical profiles of switchgrass
journal, May 2010


Review of fast pyrolysis of biomass and product upgrading
journal, March 2012


Review of fuel oil quality and combustion of fast pyrolysis bio-oils from lignocellulosic biomass
journal, March 2014


Optimizing Biomass Feedstock Blends with Respect to Cost, Supply, and Quality for Catalyzed and Uncatalyzed Fast Pyrolysis Applications
journal, May 2017


Techno-economic and uncertainty analysis of in situ and ex situ fast pyrolysis for biofuel production
journal, November 2015


Techno-economic analysis of transportation fuels from defatted microalgae via hydrothermal liquefaction and hydroprocessing
journal, January 2015


Pyrolysis of Wood/Biomass for Bio-oil: A Critical Review
journal, May 2006

  • Mohan, Dinesh; Pittman,, Charles U.; Steele, Philip H.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 20, Issue 3, p. 848-889
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef0502397

A review on process conditions for optimum bio-oil yield in hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass
journal, April 2011

  • Akhtar, Javaid; Amin, Nor Aishah Saidina
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2010.11.054

Techno-economic analysis of biomass to transportation fuels and electricity via fast pyrolysis and hydroprocessing
journal, April 2013


Catalytic hydroprocessing of fast pyrolysis oils: Impact of biomass feedstock on process efficiency
journal, January 2017


Process Simulation Development of Fast Pyrolysis of Wood Using Aspen Plus
journal, December 2014

  • Onarheim, Kristin; Solantausta, Yrjö; Lehto, Jani
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef502023y

Inorganic Compounds in Biomass Feedstocks. 1. Effect on the Quality of Fast Pyrolysis Oils
journal, January 1996

  • Agblevor, F. A.; Besler, S.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 10, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef950202u

Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks for Fast Pyrolysis and Upgrading: Techno-economic Analysis and Greenhouse Gas Life Cycle Analysis
journal, October 2016


Field-to-Fuel Performance Testing of Lignocellulosic Feedstocks: An Integrated Study of the Fast Pyrolysis–Hydrotreating Pathway
journal, April 2015


Fast Pyrolysis Bio-Oils from Wood and Agricultural Residues
journal, February 2010

  • Oasmaa, Anja; Solantausta, Yrjö; Arpiainen, Vesa
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 24, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef901107f

Energy production from biomass (part 1): overview of biomass
journal, May 2002


Review of biomass pyrolysis oil properties and upgrading research
journal, January 2007


Fast Pyrolysis of Forestry Residue. 2. Physicochemical Composition of Product Liquid
journal, March 2003

  • Oasmaa, A.; Kuoppala, E.; Solantausta, Y.
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 17, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef020206g