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Title: Quantitative magnetic force microscopy using calibration on superconducting flux quanta

Abstract

We present a new procedure that takes advantage of the magnetic flux quantization of superconducting vortices to calibrate the magnetic properties of tips for magnetic force microscopy (MFM). Indeed, a superconducting vortex, whose quantized flux is dependent upon Plank constant, speed of light and electron charge, behaves as a very well defined magnetic reference object. The proposed calibration procedure has been tested on new and worn tips and shows that the monopole point-like approximation of the probe is a reliable model. This procedure has been then applied to perform quantitative MFM experiments on a soft ferromagnetic thin film of permalloy, leading to the determination of the local out-of-plane component of the canted magnetization, together with its spatial variations across a few μm 2 scan area.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Salerno, Fisciano (Italy); National Research Council (CNR), Fisciano (Italy). Inst. for Superconductors, Innovative Materials and Devices (CNR-SPIN)
  2. Univ. of Salerno, Fisciano (Italy); Univ. of Geneva (Switzerland)
  3. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); National Univ. of Science and Technology (MISiS), Moscow (Russia)
  5. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1597273
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0004556
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanotechnology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 31; Journal ID: ISSN 0957-4484
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
monopole point-probe approximation; quantitative MFM; superconducting vortices

Citation Formats

Di Giorgio, Cinzia, Scarfato, Alessandro, Longobardi, Marilena, Bobba, Fabrizio, Iavarone, Maria, Novosad, Valentyn, Karapetrov, Goran, and Cucolo, Anna Maria. Quantitative magnetic force microscopy using calibration on superconducting flux quanta. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/ab1a4d.
Di Giorgio, Cinzia, Scarfato, Alessandro, Longobardi, Marilena, Bobba, Fabrizio, Iavarone, Maria, Novosad, Valentyn, Karapetrov, Goran, & Cucolo, Anna Maria. Quantitative magnetic force microscopy using calibration on superconducting flux quanta. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/ab1a4d.
Di Giorgio, Cinzia, Scarfato, Alessandro, Longobardi, Marilena, Bobba, Fabrizio, Iavarone, Maria, Novosad, Valentyn, Karapetrov, Goran, and Cucolo, Anna Maria. Wed . "Quantitative magnetic force microscopy using calibration on superconducting flux quanta". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6528/ab1a4d.
@article{osti_1597273,
title = {Quantitative magnetic force microscopy using calibration on superconducting flux quanta},
author = {Di Giorgio, Cinzia and Scarfato, Alessandro and Longobardi, Marilena and Bobba, Fabrizio and Iavarone, Maria and Novosad, Valentyn and Karapetrov, Goran and Cucolo, Anna Maria},
abstractNote = {We present a new procedure that takes advantage of the magnetic flux quantization of superconducting vortices to calibrate the magnetic properties of tips for magnetic force microscopy (MFM). Indeed, a superconducting vortex, whose quantized flux is dependent upon Plank constant, speed of light and electron charge, behaves as a very well defined magnetic reference object. The proposed calibration procedure has been tested on new and worn tips and shows that the monopole point-like approximation of the probe is a reliable model. This procedure has been then applied to perform quantitative MFM experiments on a soft ferromagnetic thin film of permalloy, leading to the determination of the local out-of-plane component of the canted magnetization, together with its spatial variations across a few μm2 scan area.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6528/ab1a4d},
journal = {Nanotechnology},
number = 31,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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