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Title: Study of space charge in the ICARUS T600 detector

Abstract

The accumulation of positive ions, produced by ionizing particles crossing Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LAr-TPCs), may generate distortions of the electric drift field affecting the track reconstruction of the ionizing events. These effects could become relevant for large LAr-TPCs operating at surface or at shallow depth, where the detectors are exposed to a copious flux of cosmic rays. We report a detailed study of such possible field distortions in the ICARUS T600 LAr-TPC has been performed analyzing a sample of cosmic muon tracks recorded with one T600 module operated at surface in 2001. The maximum track distortion turns out to be of few mm in good agreement with the prediction by a numerical calculation. As a cross-check, the same analysis has been performed on a cosmic muon sample recorded during the ICARUS T600 run at the LNGS underground laboratory, where the cosmic ray flux was suppressed by a factor $$\sim 10^6$$ by 3400 m water equivalent shielding. No appreciable distortion has been observed, confirming that the effects measured on surface are actually due to ion space charge.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Centre of Poland (NCN)
Contributing Org.:
The ICARUS Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1597059
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-20-053-ND; arXiv:2001.08934
Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221; oai:inspirehep.net:1777119
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 07; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Charge transport and multiplication in liquid media; Neutrino detectors; Noble liquid detectors (scintillation, ionization, double-phase); Time projection Chambers (TPC)

Citation Formats

Antonello, M., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Boffelli, F., Bonesini, M., Bubak, A., Centro, S., Cieslik, K., Cocco, A. G., Dabrowska, A., Dermenev, A., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Ferrari, A., Gibin, D., Gninenko, S., Guglielmi, A., Haranczyk, M., Holeczek, J., Kirsanov, M., Kisiel, J., Kochanek, I., Lagoda, J., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Petta, C., Pietropaolo, F., Picchi, P., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Szarska, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., Wang, H., Yang, X., Zalewska, A., and Zani, A. Study of space charge in the ICARUS T600 detector. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/07/P07001.
Antonello, M., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Boffelli, F., Bonesini, M., Bubak, A., Centro, S., Cieslik, K., Cocco, A. G., Dabrowska, A., Dermenev, A., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Ferrari, A., Gibin, D., Gninenko, S., Guglielmi, A., Haranczyk, M., Holeczek, J., Kirsanov, M., Kisiel, J., Kochanek, I., Lagoda, J., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Petta, C., Pietropaolo, F., Picchi, P., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Szarska, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., Wang, H., Yang, X., Zalewska, A., & Zani, A. Study of space charge in the ICARUS T600 detector. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/07/P07001
Antonello, M., Baibussinov, B., Bellini, V., Boffelli, F., Bonesini, M., Bubak, A., Centro, S., Cieslik, K., Cocco, A. G., Dabrowska, A., Dermenev, A., Falcone, A., Farnese, C., Fava, A., Ferrari, A., Gibin, D., Gninenko, S., Guglielmi, A., Haranczyk, M., Holeczek, J., Kirsanov, M., Kisiel, J., Kochanek, I., Lagoda, J., Menegolli, A., Meng, G., Montanari, C., Petta, C., Pietropaolo, F., Picchi, P., Rappoldi, A., Raselli, G. L., Rossella, M., Rubbia, C., Sala, P., Scaramelli, A., Sergiampietri, F., Spanu, M., Szarska, M., Torti, M., Tortorici, F., Varanini, F., Ventura, S., Vignoli, C., Wang, H., Yang, X., Zalewska, A., and Zani, A. Thu . "Study of space charge in the ICARUS T600 detector". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/15/07/P07001.
@article{osti_1597059,
title = {Study of space charge in the ICARUS T600 detector},
author = {Antonello, M. and Baibussinov, B. and Bellini, V. and Boffelli, F. and Bonesini, M. and Bubak, A. and Centro, S. and Cieslik, K. and Cocco, A. G. and Dabrowska, A. and Dermenev, A. and Falcone, A. and Farnese, C. and Fava, A. and Ferrari, A. and Gibin, D. and Gninenko, S. and Guglielmi, A. and Haranczyk, M. and Holeczek, J. and Kirsanov, M. and Kisiel, J. and Kochanek, I. and Lagoda, J. and Menegolli, A. and Meng, G. and Montanari, C. and Petta, C. and Pietropaolo, F. and Picchi, P. and Rappoldi, A. and Raselli, G. L. and Rossella, M. and Rubbia, C. and Sala, P. and Scaramelli, A. and Sergiampietri, F. and Spanu, M. and Szarska, M. and Torti, M. and Tortorici, F. and Varanini, F. and Ventura, S. and Vignoli, C. and Wang, H. and Yang, X. and Zalewska, A. and Zani, A.},
abstractNote = {The accumulation of positive ions, produced by ionizing particles crossing Liquid Argon Time Projection Chambers (LAr-TPCs), may generate distortions of the electric drift field affecting the track reconstruction of the ionizing events. These effects could become relevant for large LAr-TPCs operating at surface or at shallow depth, where the detectors are exposed to a copious flux of cosmic rays. We report a detailed study of such possible field distortions in the ICARUS T600 LAr-TPC has been performed analyzing a sample of cosmic muon tracks recorded with one T600 module operated at surface in 2001. The maximum track distortion turns out to be of few mm in good agreement with the prediction by a numerical calculation. As a cross-check, the same analysis has been performed on a cosmic muon sample recorded during the ICARUS T600 run at the LNGS underground laboratory, where the cosmic ray flux was suppressed by a factor $\sim 10^6$ by 3400 m water equivalent shielding. No appreciable distortion has been observed, confirming that the effects measured on surface are actually due to ion space charge.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/15/07/P07001},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 07,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {7}
}

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