DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Phase-Stable Self-Modulation of an Electron Beam in a Magnetic Wiggler

Abstract

Electron beams with a sinusoidal energy modulation have the potential to emit subfemtosecond x-ray pulses in a free-electron laser. An energy modulation can be generated by overlapping a powerful infrared laser with an electron beam in a magnetic wiggler. We report on a new infrared source for this modulation, coherent radiation from the electron beam itself. In this self-modulation process, the current spike on the tail of the electron beam radiates coherently at the resonant wavelength of the wiggler, producing a six-period carrier-envelope-phase (CEP)-stable infrared field with gigawatt power. This field creates a few MeV, phase-stable modulation in the electron-beam core. Lastly, the modulated electron beam is immediately useful for generating subfemtosecond x-ray pulses at any machine repetition rate, and the CEP-stable infrared field may find application as an experimental pump or timing diagnostic.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1596646
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 100317; ACI-1339893
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; Bean dynamics; Beam impedance; Radiation from moving charges; Synchroton radiation & free-electron lasers; Undulators & wigglers

Citation Formats

MacArthur, James P., Duris, Joseph, Zhang, Zhen, Lutman, Alberto, Zholents, Alexander, Xu, Xinlu, Huang, Zhirong, and Marinelli, Agostino. Phase-Stable Self-Modulation of an Electron Beam in a Magnetic Wiggler. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.214801.
MacArthur, James P., Duris, Joseph, Zhang, Zhen, Lutman, Alberto, Zholents, Alexander, Xu, Xinlu, Huang, Zhirong, & Marinelli, Agostino. Phase-Stable Self-Modulation of an Electron Beam in a Magnetic Wiggler. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.214801
MacArthur, James P., Duris, Joseph, Zhang, Zhen, Lutman, Alberto, Zholents, Alexander, Xu, Xinlu, Huang, Zhirong, and Marinelli, Agostino. Wed . "Phase-Stable Self-Modulation of an Electron Beam in a Magnetic Wiggler". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.214801. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1596646.
@article{osti_1596646,
title = {Phase-Stable Self-Modulation of an Electron Beam in a Magnetic Wiggler},
author = {MacArthur, James P. and Duris, Joseph and Zhang, Zhen and Lutman, Alberto and Zholents, Alexander and Xu, Xinlu and Huang, Zhirong and Marinelli, Agostino},
abstractNote = {Electron beams with a sinusoidal energy modulation have the potential to emit subfemtosecond x-ray pulses in a free-electron laser. An energy modulation can be generated by overlapping a powerful infrared laser with an electron beam in a magnetic wiggler. We report on a new infrared source for this modulation, coherent radiation from the electron beam itself. In this self-modulation process, the current spike on the tail of the electron beam radiates coherently at the resonant wavelength of the wiggler, producing a six-period carrier-envelope-phase (CEP)-stable infrared field with gigawatt power. This field creates a few MeV, phase-stable modulation in the electron-beam core. Lastly, the modulated electron beam is immediately useful for generating subfemtosecond x-ray pulses at any machine repetition rate, and the CEP-stable infrared field may find application as an experimental pump or timing diagnostic.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.214801},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 21,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Linac Coherent Light Source: The first five years
journal, March 2016


Isolated terawatt attosecond hard X-ray pulse generated from single current spike
journal, May 2018


Double chirp-taper x-ray free-electron laser for attosecond pump-probe experiments
journal, May 2019


A compact X-ray free-electron laser emitting in the sub-ångström region
journal, June 2012


The Future of Attosecond Spectroscopy
journal, August 2007


On the coherent radiation of an electron bunch moving in an arc of a circle
journal, October 1997

  • Saldin, E. L.; Schneidmiller, E. A.; Yurkov, M. V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 398, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(97)00822-X

Fresh-slice multicolour X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, October 2016

  • Lutman, Alberto A.; Maxwell, Timothy J.; MacArthur, James P.
  • Nature Photonics, Vol. 10, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphoton.2016.201

First lasing and operation of an ångstrom-wavelength free-electron laser
journal, August 2010


Self-amplified spontaneous emission FEL with energy-chirped electron beam and its application for generation of attosecond x-ray pulses
journal, May 2006

  • Saldin, E. L.; Schneidmiller, E. A.; Yurkov, M. V.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 9, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.9.050702

Radiative interaction of electrons in a bunch moving in an undulator
journal, November 1998

  • Saldin, E. L.; Schneidmiller, E. A.; Yurkov, M. V.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 417, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(98)00623-8

Optical laser systems at the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, April 2015

  • Minitti, Michael P.; Robinson, Joseph S.; Coffee, Ryan N.
  • Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1107/S1600577515006244

Beam by design: Laser manipulation of electrons in modern accelerators
journal, July 2014


Generation of ultra-short, high brightness electron beams for single-spike SASE FEL operation
journal, August 2008

  • Rosenzweig, J. B.; Alesini, D.; Andonian, G.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 593, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.04.083

Development of ultra-short pulse, single coherent spike for SASE X-ray FELs
journal, August 2008

  • Reiche, S.; Musumeci, P.; Pellegrini, C.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 593, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2008.04.061

Photon Beam Transport and Scientific Instruments at the European XFEL
journal, June 2017

  • Tschentscher, Thomas; Bressler, Christian; Grünert, Jan
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.3390/app7060592

Few-femtosecond time-resolved measurements of X-ray free-electron lasers
journal, April 2014

  • Behrens, C.; Decker, F. -J.; Ding, Y.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4762

Longitudinal impedance and wake from XFEL undulators. Impact on current-enhanced SASE schemes
journal, December 2007

  • Geloni, Gianluca; Saldin, Evgeni; Schneidmiller, Evgeni
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 583, Issue 2-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2007.09.019

Calculation of the coherent synchrotron radiation impedance from a wiggler
journal, April 2003

  • Wu, Juhao; Raubenheimer, Tor O.; Stupakov, Gennady V.
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.6.040701

Construction and Commissioning of PAL-XFEL Facility
journal, May 2017

  • Ko, In; Kang, Heung-Sik; Heo, Hoon
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.3390/app7050479

SwissFEL: The Swiss X-ray Free Electron Laser
journal, July 2017

  • Milne, Christopher; Schietinger, Thomas; Aiba, Masamitsu
  • Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.3390/app7070720

Beam shaping to improve the free-electron laser performance at the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, October 2016


Attosecond physics
journal, February 2009


Efficient generation of short and high-power x-ray free-electron-laser pulses based on superradiance with a transversely tilted beam
journal, October 2015

  • Prat, Eduard; Löhl, Florian; Reiche, Sven
  • Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, Vol. 18, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.18.100701

Collective instabilities and high-gain regime in a free electron laser
journal, July 1984


Generating Single-Spike Hard X-Ray Pulses with Nonlinear Bunch Compression in Free-Electron Lasers
journal, October 2017


Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser
journal, December 2019


Towards a petawatt-class few-cycle infrared laser system via dual-chirped optical parametric amplification
journal, May 2018


Femtosecond and Subfemtosecond X-Ray Pulses from a Self-Amplified Spontaneous-Emission–Based Free-Electron Laser
journal, February 2004


Method of an enhanced self-amplified spontaneous emission for x-ray free electron lasers
journal, April 2005


Measurements and Simulations of Ultralow Emittance and Ultrashort Electron Beams in the Linac Coherent Light Source
journal, June 2009


The Physics of Synchrotron Radiation
book, January 2009


Works referencing / citing this record:

Tunable isolated attosecond X-ray pulses with gigawatt peak power from a free-electron laser
journal, December 2019