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Title: SnO2 Transparent Printing Pastes from Powders for Photon Conversion in SnO2-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Abstract

Tin oxide (SnO2) is the most enticing alternative to titanium oxide (TiO2) with the aim of identifying a more positive conduction band material for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). We put forward a protocol based on grinding, sonication, and centrifuge to generate transparent SnO2 pastes to minimize light reflectance losses from the metal oxide. Under optimized conditions, a highly transparent film with substantially enhanced light penetration depth through active layer SnO2 is realized for efficient light harvesting from two different commercially available powders (18 and 35 nm nanoparticle sizes). A ruthenium sensitizer (B11) and two organic sensitizers (NL3 and MK2) are shown to achieve higher or comparable photocurrent densities with SnO2 relative to standard TiO2-based DSCs. SnO2-based DSCs show minimum recombination losses, comparable charge collection efficiencies, and minimal photovoltage losses relative to TiO2 DSCs. Thus, the option of a transparent metal oxide, which can facilitate high photocurrents (>16 mA cm-2 observed) and lower recombination rates than TiO2 is an attractive material for DSC applications.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Mississippi, Oxford, MS (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Mississippi, Oxford, MS (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1596580
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1570786
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0019131
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry - A European Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 62; Journal ID: ISSN 0947-6539
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 14 SOLAR ENERGY; dyes/pigments; metal oxide films; reduced photon losses; solar cells; tin

Citation Formats

Cheema, Hammad, and Delcamp, Jared H. SnO2 Transparent Printing Pastes from Powders for Photon Conversion in SnO2-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201903292.
Cheema, Hammad, & Delcamp, Jared H. SnO2 Transparent Printing Pastes from Powders for Photon Conversion in SnO2-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201903292
Cheema, Hammad, and Delcamp, Jared H. Fri . "SnO2 Transparent Printing Pastes from Powders for Photon Conversion in SnO2-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201903292. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1596580.
@article{osti_1596580,
title = {SnO2 Transparent Printing Pastes from Powders for Photon Conversion in SnO2-Based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells},
author = {Cheema, Hammad and Delcamp, Jared H.},
abstractNote = {Tin oxide (SnO2) is the most enticing alternative to titanium oxide (TiO2) with the aim of identifying a more positive conduction band material for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). We put forward a protocol based on grinding, sonication, and centrifuge to generate transparent SnO2 pastes to minimize light reflectance losses from the metal oxide. Under optimized conditions, a highly transparent film with substantially enhanced light penetration depth through active layer SnO2 is realized for efficient light harvesting from two different commercially available powders (18 and 35 nm nanoparticle sizes). A ruthenium sensitizer (B11) and two organic sensitizers (NL3 and MK2) are shown to achieve higher or comparable photocurrent densities with SnO2 relative to standard TiO2-based DSCs. SnO2-based DSCs show minimum recombination losses, comparable charge collection efficiencies, and minimal photovoltage losses relative to TiO2 DSCs. Thus, the option of a transparent metal oxide, which can facilitate high photocurrents (>16 mA cm-2 observed) and lower recombination rates than TiO2 is an attractive material for DSC applications.},
doi = {10.1002/chem.201903292},
journal = {Chemistry - A European Journal},
number = 62,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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