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Title: Synthesis of Polycrystalline Ruddlesden–Popper Organic Lead Halides and Their Growth Dynamics

Abstract

Ruddlesden–Popper organic lead halides (RPOLHs) are in the material science spotlight because of their remarkable optoelectronic properties, tailorable compositions, and improved ambient stability over their three-dimensional perovskite analogues. In this report, we introduce a new synthesis method for RPOLHs with general composition L2[FAPbI3]n–1PbI4 [L = butylammonium (BA) or benzylammonium (BZA), FA = formamidinium, and n = 1 and 2]. Here, our method yields polycrystalline materials useful for thin-film fabrication for optoelectronic applications. Furthermore, we report the growth dynamics of BA2[FAPbI3]PbI4 using in situ small-angle X-ray scattering, revealing that the slabs grow within the first seconds of the reaction and then self-assemble into bulk crystallites.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  2. Univ. of Campinas, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Univ. Federal de Minas Gerais (Brazil)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Center for Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Semiconductors for Energy (CHOISE); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1596305
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; 2017/11019-5; 2016/02268-9; 2017/11986-5; AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Moral, Raphael F., Bonato, Luiz Gustavo, Germino, José Carlos, Coelho Oliveira, Willian Xerxes, Kamat, Rupini, Xu, Junwei, Tassone, Christopher J., Stranks, Samuel D., Toney, Michael F., and Nogueira, Ana Flávia. Synthesis of Polycrystalline Ruddlesden–Popper Organic Lead Halides and Their Growth Dynamics. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03439.
Moral, Raphael F., Bonato, Luiz Gustavo, Germino, José Carlos, Coelho Oliveira, Willian Xerxes, Kamat, Rupini, Xu, Junwei, Tassone, Christopher J., Stranks, Samuel D., Toney, Michael F., & Nogueira, Ana Flávia. Synthesis of Polycrystalline Ruddlesden–Popper Organic Lead Halides and Their Growth Dynamics. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03439
Moral, Raphael F., Bonato, Luiz Gustavo, Germino, José Carlos, Coelho Oliveira, Willian Xerxes, Kamat, Rupini, Xu, Junwei, Tassone, Christopher J., Stranks, Samuel D., Toney, Michael F., and Nogueira, Ana Flávia. Fri . "Synthesis of Polycrystalline Ruddlesden–Popper Organic Lead Halides and Their Growth Dynamics". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03439. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1596305.
@article{osti_1596305,
title = {Synthesis of Polycrystalline Ruddlesden–Popper Organic Lead Halides and Their Growth Dynamics},
author = {Moral, Raphael F. and Bonato, Luiz Gustavo and Germino, José Carlos and Coelho Oliveira, Willian Xerxes and Kamat, Rupini and Xu, Junwei and Tassone, Christopher J. and Stranks, Samuel D. and Toney, Michael F. and Nogueira, Ana Flávia},
abstractNote = {Ruddlesden–Popper organic lead halides (RPOLHs) are in the material science spotlight because of their remarkable optoelectronic properties, tailorable compositions, and improved ambient stability over their three-dimensional perovskite analogues. In this report, we introduce a new synthesis method for RPOLHs with general composition L2[FAPbI3]n–1PbI4 [L = butylammonium (BA) or benzylammonium (BZA), FA = formamidinium, and n = 1 and 2]. Here, our method yields polycrystalline materials useful for thin-film fabrication for optoelectronic applications. Furthermore, we report the growth dynamics of BA2[FAPbI3]PbI4 using in situ small-angle X-ray scattering, revealing that the slabs grow within the first seconds of the reaction and then self-assemble into bulk crystallites.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b03439},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 22,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 13 works
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Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: Illustration of the three different RPOLHs in this work (a) BA2PbI4, (b) BA2[FAPbI3]PbI4, and (c) BZA2[FAPbI3]PbI4.

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