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Title: Pulsed anodic arc discharge for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials

Abstract

Pulsed arc discharges can improve arc control and tailor the ablation process in the production of 1D and 2D nanostructures from carbon anodes. In this work, low-dimensional carbon nanoparticles have been generated by means of anodic arc discharge in helium atmosphere excited with a square-wave modulated signal (1–5 Hz, 10% duty cycle). The discharges were performed between two graphite electrodes with maximal peak current of 250 A and maximal voltage of 65 V. The erosion rates and conversion efficiency of the ablated anode are compared to reference samples grown in DC steady arc mode. Ablation rates in pulsed arcs are typically of the order of 1 mg/s. Combination of fast Langmuir probe diagnostics and optical emission spectroscopy provided plasma parameters of the discharges at the arc column. Ranges of 10 16–10 17 m -3 for electron density and 0.5–2.0 eV for electron temperature are estimated. The obtained samples were characterized with Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The deposit on the cathode after pulsed arc consisted of carbon nanostructures such as graphene nano-platelets and carbon nanotubes. Erosion dynamics of pulsed arc discharge has been described in terms of a global model and compared to steady arc discharge. A correlation ismore » identified among discharge regimes, optical emission patterns and ablation modes. In conclusion, pulsed anodic arc discharge is a very efficient source of carbon nanomaterials. The large control of the discharge characteristics will permit to tailor accurately the production and the properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene. Here, this deposition method is promising for the fabrication of semiconducting nanomaterials with tuneable electrical and optical properties.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3];  [1]
  1. George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
  2. George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Tomsk State Univ. of Control Systems and Radioelectronics (Russia)
  3. Tech-X Corp., Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Tech-X Corp., Boulder, CO (United States); George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1595712
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0015767
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Plasma Sources Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1361-6595
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; anodic arc discharge; carbon nanostructures; pulsed power; plasma diagnostics

Citation Formats

Corbella, Carles, Portal, Sabine, Zolotukhin, Denis B., Martinez, Luis, Lin, Li, Kundrapu, Madhusudhan N., and Keidar, Michael. Pulsed anodic arc discharge for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6595/ab123c.
Corbella, Carles, Portal, Sabine, Zolotukhin, Denis B., Martinez, Luis, Lin, Li, Kundrapu, Madhusudhan N., & Keidar, Michael. Pulsed anodic arc discharge for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials. United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6595/ab123c.
Corbella, Carles, Portal, Sabine, Zolotukhin, Denis B., Martinez, Luis, Lin, Li, Kundrapu, Madhusudhan N., and Keidar, Michael. Fri . "Pulsed anodic arc discharge for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials". United States. doi:10.1088/1361-6595/ab123c.
@article{osti_1595712,
title = {Pulsed anodic arc discharge for the synthesis of carbon nanomaterials},
author = {Corbella, Carles and Portal, Sabine and Zolotukhin, Denis B. and Martinez, Luis and Lin, Li and Kundrapu, Madhusudhan N. and Keidar, Michael},
abstractNote = {Pulsed arc discharges can improve arc control and tailor the ablation process in the production of 1D and 2D nanostructures from carbon anodes. In this work, low-dimensional carbon nanoparticles have been generated by means of anodic arc discharge in helium atmosphere excited with a square-wave modulated signal (1–5 Hz, 10% duty cycle). The discharges were performed between two graphite electrodes with maximal peak current of 250 A and maximal voltage of 65 V. The erosion rates and conversion efficiency of the ablated anode are compared to reference samples grown in DC steady arc mode. Ablation rates in pulsed arcs are typically of the order of 1 mg/s. Combination of fast Langmuir probe diagnostics and optical emission spectroscopy provided plasma parameters of the discharges at the arc column. Ranges of 1016–1017 m-3 for electron density and 0.5–2.0 eV for electron temperature are estimated. The obtained samples were characterized with Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The deposit on the cathode after pulsed arc consisted of carbon nanostructures such as graphene nano-platelets and carbon nanotubes. Erosion dynamics of pulsed arc discharge has been described in terms of a global model and compared to steady arc discharge. A correlation is identified among discharge regimes, optical emission patterns and ablation modes. In conclusion, pulsed anodic arc discharge is a very efficient source of carbon nanomaterials. The large control of the discharge characteristics will permit to tailor accurately the production and the properties of carbon nanotubes and graphene. Here, this deposition method is promising for the fabrication of semiconducting nanomaterials with tuneable electrical and optical properties.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6595/ab123c},
journal = {Plasma Sources Science and Technology},
number = 4,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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