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Title: Thermodynamics conditions of matter in the neutrino decoupling region during neutron star mergers

Abstract

In this work we investigate the thermodynamics conditions at which neutrinos decouple from matter in neutron star merger remnants by post-processing results of merger simulations. We find that the matter density and the neutrino energies are the most relevant quantities in determining the decoupling surface location. For mean energy neutrinos (~9, 15 and 24 MeV for νe, $$\bar{ν}$$e and νμ,τ, respectively) the transition between diffusion and free-streaming conditions occurs around 1011g cm-3 for all neutrino species. Weak and thermal equilibrium freeze-out occurs deeper (several 1012g cm-3) for heavy-flavor neutrinos than for $$\bar{ν}$$e and νe (≳1011g cm-3). Decoupling temperatures are broadly in agreement with the average neutrino energies, with softer equations of state characterized by ~1 MeV larger decoupling temperatures. Neutrinos streaming at infinity with different energies come from different remnant parts. While low-energy neutrinos (~3 MeV) decouple at ρ~1013g cm-3, T~10 MeV and Ye≲0.1 close to weak equilibrium, high-energy ones (~50 MeV ) decouple from the disk at ρ~109g cm-3, T~2 MeV and Ye≳0.25. The presence of a massive NS or a BH influences the neutrino thermalization. While in the former case decoupling surfaces are present for all relevant energies, the lower maximum density ( ≲1012g cm-3) in BH-torus systems does not allow softer neutrinos to thermalize and diffuse.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [5];  [6];  [7]
  1. Friedrich Schiller Univ., Jena (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Trento (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Milano (Italy)
  3. Univ. di Milano (Italy)
  4. Inst. for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Electrical Engineering Dept.
  5. Trento Inst. for Fundamental Physics and Applications, Trento (Italy); Univ. di Milano (Italy)
  6. Univ. of Trento (Italy); Trento Inst. for Fundamental Physics and Applications, Trento (Italy)
  7. Trento Inst. for Fundamental Physics and Applications, Trento (Italy); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1595674
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Endrizzi, Andrea, Perego, Albino, Fabbri, Francesco M., Branca, Lorenzo, Radice, David, Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, Giacomazzo, Bruno, Pederiva, Francesco, and Lovato, Alessandro. Thermodynamics conditions of matter in the neutrino decoupling region during neutron star mergers. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1140/epja/s10050-019-00018-6.
Endrizzi, Andrea, Perego, Albino, Fabbri, Francesco M., Branca, Lorenzo, Radice, David, Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, Giacomazzo, Bruno, Pederiva, Francesco, & Lovato, Alessandro. Thermodynamics conditions of matter in the neutrino decoupling region during neutron star mergers. United States. doi:10.1140/epja/s10050-019-00018-6.
Endrizzi, Andrea, Perego, Albino, Fabbri, Francesco M., Branca, Lorenzo, Radice, David, Bernuzzi, Sebastiano, Giacomazzo, Bruno, Pederiva, Francesco, and Lovato, Alessandro. Tue . "Thermodynamics conditions of matter in the neutrino decoupling region during neutron star mergers". United States. doi:10.1140/epja/s10050-019-00018-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1595674.
@article{osti_1595674,
title = {Thermodynamics conditions of matter in the neutrino decoupling region during neutron star mergers},
author = {Endrizzi, Andrea and Perego, Albino and Fabbri, Francesco M. and Branca, Lorenzo and Radice, David and Bernuzzi, Sebastiano and Giacomazzo, Bruno and Pederiva, Francesco and Lovato, Alessandro},
abstractNote = {In this work we investigate the thermodynamics conditions at which neutrinos decouple from matter in neutron star merger remnants by post-processing results of merger simulations. We find that the matter density and the neutrino energies are the most relevant quantities in determining the decoupling surface location. For mean energy neutrinos (~9, 15 and 24 MeV for νe, $\bar{ν}$e and νμ,τ, respectively) the transition between diffusion and free-streaming conditions occurs around 1011g cm-3 for all neutrino species. Weak and thermal equilibrium freeze-out occurs deeper (several 1012g cm-3) for heavy-flavor neutrinos than for $\bar{ν}$e and νe (≳1011g cm-3). Decoupling temperatures are broadly in agreement with the average neutrino energies, with softer equations of state characterized by ~1 MeV larger decoupling temperatures. Neutrinos streaming at infinity with different energies come from different remnant parts. While low-energy neutrinos (~3 MeV) decouple at ρ~1013g cm-3, T~10 MeV and Ye≲0.1 close to weak equilibrium, high-energy ones (~50 MeV ) decouple from the disk at ρ~109g cm-3, T~2 MeV and Ye≳0.25. The presence of a massive NS or a BH influences the neutrino thermalization. While in the former case decoupling surfaces are present for all relevant energies, the lower maximum density ( ≲1012g cm-3) in BH-torus systems does not allow softer neutrinos to thermalize and diffuse.},
doi = {10.1140/epja/s10050-019-00018-6},
journal = {European Physical Journal. A},
number = 1,
volume = 56,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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