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Title: An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte

Abstract

High coulombic efficiency and dendrite suppression in carbonate electrolytes remain challenges to the development of high-energy lithium ion batteries containing lithium metal anodes. Here we demonstrate an ultrathin (≤100 nm) lithium-ion ionomer membrane consisting of lithium-exchanged sulfonated polyether ether ketone embedded with polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane as a coating layer on copper or lithium for achieving efficient and stable lithium plating-stripping cycles in a carbonate-based electrolyte. Operando analyses and theoretical simulation reveal the remarkable ability of the ionomer coating to enable electric field homogenization over a considerably large lithium-plating surface. The membrane coating, serving as an artificial solid-electrolyte interphase filter in minimizing parasitic reactions at the electrolyte-electrode interface, enables dendrite-free lithium plating on copper with outstanding coulombic efficiencies at room and elevated (50 °C) temperatures. The membrane coated copper demonstrates itself as a promising current collector for manufacturing high-quality pre-plated lithium thin-film anode.


Citation Formats

Weng, Yu-Ting, Liu, Hao-Wen, Pei, Allen, Shi, FeiFei, Wang, Hansen, Lin, Chih-Yuan, Huang, Sheng-Siang, Su, Lin-Ya, Hsu, Jyh-Ping, Fang, Chia-Chen, Cui, Yi, and Wu, Nae-Lih. An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13783-1.
Weng, Yu-Ting, Liu, Hao-Wen, Pei, Allen, Shi, FeiFei, Wang, Hansen, Lin, Chih-Yuan, Huang, Sheng-Siang, Su, Lin-Ya, Hsu, Jyh-Ping, Fang, Chia-Chen, Cui, Yi, & Wu, Nae-Lih. An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13783-1.
Weng, Yu-Ting, Liu, Hao-Wen, Pei, Allen, Shi, FeiFei, Wang, Hansen, Lin, Chih-Yuan, Huang, Sheng-Siang, Su, Lin-Ya, Hsu, Jyh-Ping, Fang, Chia-Chen, Cui, Yi, and Wu, Nae-Lih. Sun . "An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13783-1. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1595320.
@article{osti_1595320,
title = {An ultrathin ionomer interphase for high efficiency lithium anode in carbonate based electrolyte},
author = {Weng, Yu-Ting and Liu, Hao-Wen and Pei, Allen and Shi, FeiFei and Wang, Hansen and Lin, Chih-Yuan and Huang, Sheng-Siang and Su, Lin-Ya and Hsu, Jyh-Ping and Fang, Chia-Chen and Cui, Yi and Wu, Nae-Lih},
abstractNote = {High coulombic efficiency and dendrite suppression in carbonate electrolytes remain challenges to the development of high-energy lithium ion batteries containing lithium metal anodes. Here we demonstrate an ultrathin (≤100 nm) lithium-ion ionomer membrane consisting of lithium-exchanged sulfonated polyether ether ketone embedded with polyhedral oligosilsesquioxane as a coating layer on copper or lithium for achieving efficient and stable lithium plating-stripping cycles in a carbonate-based electrolyte. Operando analyses and theoretical simulation reveal the remarkable ability of the ionomer coating to enable electric field homogenization over a considerably large lithium-plating surface. The membrane coating, serving as an artificial solid-electrolyte interphase filter in minimizing parasitic reactions at the electrolyte-electrode interface, enables dendrite-free lithium plating on copper with outstanding coulombic efficiencies at room and elevated (50 °C) temperatures. The membrane coated copper demonstrates itself as a promising current collector for manufacturing high-quality pre-plated lithium thin-film anode.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-13783-1},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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