DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus

Abstract

We perform a new, detailed calculation of the flux and energy spectrum of Earth-emerging τ-leptons generated from the interactions of tau neutrinos and antineutrinos in the Earth. A layered model of the Earth is used to describe the variable density profile of the Earth. Different assumptions regarding the neutrino charged- and neutral-current cross sections as well as the τ-lepton energy loss models are used to quantify their contributions to the systematic uncertainty. A baseline simulation is then used to generate the optical Cherenkov signal from upward-moving extensive air showers generated by the τ-lepton decay in the atmosphere, applicable to a range of space-based instruments. Here, we use this simulation to determine the neutrino sensitivity for Eν ≳10 PeV for a space-based experiment with performance similar to that for the Probe of Extreme MultiMessenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) mission currently under study.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), Baltimore, MD (United States)
  3. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1595314
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1562562; OSTI ID: 1595306
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010113; 17-APRA17-0066; NNX17AJ82G
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino interactions; Particle astrophysics

Citation Formats

Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., and Venters, Tonia M. Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010.
Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., & Venters, Tonia M. Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010
Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., and Venters, Tonia M. Wed . "Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1595314.
@article{osti_1595314,
title = {Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus},
author = {Reno, Mary Hall and Krizmanic, John F. and Venters, Tonia M.},
abstractNote = {We perform a new, detailed calculation of the flux and energy spectrum of Earth-emerging τ-leptons generated from the interactions of tau neutrinos and antineutrinos in the Earth. A layered model of the Earth is used to describe the variable density profile of the Earth. Different assumptions regarding the neutrino charged- and neutral-current cross sections as well as the τ-lepton energy loss models are used to quantify their contributions to the systematic uncertainty. A baseline simulation is then used to generate the optical Cherenkov signal from upward-moving extensive air showers generated by the τ-lepton decay in the atmosphere, applicable to a range of space-based instruments. Here, we use this simulation to determine the neutrino sensitivity for Eν ≳10 PeV for a space-based experiment with performance similar to that for the Probe of Extreme MultiMessenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) mission currently under study.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 6,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Predictions for the cosmogenic neutrino flux in light of new data from the Pierre Auger Observatory
journal, December 2007


One-dimensional hybrid approach to extensive air shower simulation
journal, January 2007


High energy neutrino early afterglows from gamma-ray bursts revisited
journal, December 2007


The Height of the Nightglow by the Van Rhijn Method.
journal, July 1955

  • Roach, F. E.; Meinel, A. B.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 122
  • DOI: 10.1086/146115

Cherenkov τ shower earth-skimming method for PeV–EeV ντ observation with Ashra
journal, January 2013


Prompt atmospheric neutrino fluxes: perturbative QCD models and nuclear effects
journal, November 2016

  • Bhattacharya, Atri; Enberg, Rikard; Jeong, Yu Seon
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2016)167

Propagation of supersymmetric charged sleptons at high energies
journal, September 2005


Extremely High Energy Neutrinos and Their Detection
journal, April 1997

  • Yoshida, Shigeru; Dai, Hongyue; Jui, Charles C. H.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 479, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/303923

Simple formulas for the energy loss of ultrarelativistic muons by direct pair production
journal, February 1991

  • Tannenbaum, M. J.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 300, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(91)90396-8

Review of Particle Physics
journal, August 2018


A new use of the van Rhijn formula for airglow measurements
journal, August 1965


Energy spectrum of tau leptons induced by the high energy Earth-skimming neutrinos
journal, September 2003


A first search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA Hexagonal Radio Array
journal, October 2015


Ultrahigh energy neutrinos from hidden-sector topological defects
journal, September 2000


Tau energy losses at ultrahigh energy: Continuous versus stochastic treatment
journal, May 2008


Angular and energy distributions of charged particles in electron-photon cascades in air
journal, October 1982


The sensitivity of Cerenkov radiation pulses to the longitudinal development of cosmic-ray showers
journal, October 1982


Propagation of muons and taus at high energies
journal, April 2001


On the Redshift Distribution of Gamma‐Ray Bursts in the Swift Era
journal, May 2007

  • Le, Truong; Dermer, Charles D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 661, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/513460

PeV neutrinos from the propagation of ultra-high energy cosmic rays
journal, January 2013

  • Roulet, Esteban; Sigl, Guenter; Vliet, Arjen van
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 01
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/01/028

Observation of High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos in Three Years of IceCube Data
journal, September 2014


Tau Air Showers from Earth
journal, October 2004

  • Fargion, D.; De Sanctis Lucentini, P. G.; De Santis, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 613, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/423124

Comprehensive approach to tau-lepton production by high-energy tau neutrinos propagating through the Earth
journal, January 2018

  • Alvarez-Muñiz, Jaime; Carvalho, Washington R.; Payet, Kévin
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 97, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.97.023021

Tau Neutrino Appearance with a 1000 Megaparsec Baseline
journal, November 1998


Probing grand unified theories with cosmic-ray, gamma-ray, and neutrino astrophysics
journal, December 1998


Implications of a Froissart bound saturation of γ * p deep inelastic scattering. I. Quark distributions at ultra small x
journal, July 2013


Ultrahigh-energy neutrino interactions
journal, August 1996


Searches for neutrino fluxes in the EeV regime with the Pierre Auger Observatory
conference, August 2018

  • Zas, Enrique
  • Proceedings of 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2017)
  • DOI: 10.22323/1.301.0972

Observability of Earth-Skimming Ultrahigh Energy Neutrinos
journal, April 2002


Ratio of in atmospheric neutrinos
journal, November 1988


Tau neutrino fluxes from atmospheric charm
journal, March 1999


Neutrino interactions at ultrahigh energies
journal, September 1998


Cosmogenic neutrinos: parameter space and detectabilty from PeV to ZeV
journal, October 2010


nCTEQ15: Global analysis of nuclear parton distributions with uncertainties in the CTEQ framework
journal, April 2016


A three-dimensional code for muon propagation through the rock: MUSIC
journal, October 1997


Constraints on the diffuse high-energy neutrino flux from the third flight of ANITA
journal, July 2018


Preliminary reference Earth model
journal, June 1981


Constraints on the ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrino flux from the fourth flight of ANITA
journal, June 2019


Sensitivity of a proposed space-based Cherenkov astrophysical-neutrino telescope
journal, January 2017


Cosmic rays at ultra high energies (neutrino?)
journal, January 1969


Quark mass effects in high energy neutrino-nucleon scattering
journal, June 2010


Detecting ντ oscillations at PeV energies
journal, May 1995


The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Present and Perspectives
conference, August 2018

  • Fang, Ke; Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime; Alves Batista, Rafael
  • Proceedings of 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference — PoS(ICRC2017)
  • DOI: 10.22323/1.301.0996

On the prospects of Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays detection by high altitude antennas
journal, February 2014


Linking high-energy cosmic particles by black-hole jets embedded in large-scale structures
journal, January 2018


Origin of the ankle in the ultrahigh energy cosmic ray spectrum, and of the extragalactic protons below it
journal, December 2015


Supersymmetric sphaleron configurations as the origin of the perplexing ANITA events
journal, March 2019


Observation of an Unusual Upward-Going Cosmic-Ray-like Event in the Third Flight of ANITA
journal, October 2018


Sterile neutrino origin for the upward directed cosmic ray showers detected by ANITA
journal, March 2019


Tau energy loss and ultrahigh energy skimming tau neutrinos
journal, August 2017


A Combined Maximum-Likelihood Analysis of the High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrino flux Measured with Icecube
journal, August 2015


Universality of electron distributions in high-energy air showers—Description of Cherenkov light production
journal, January 2006


Constraints on the origin of ultra-high-energy cosmic rays from cosmogenic neutrinos and photons
journal, November 2011


R -parity violating supersymmetric explanation of the anomalous events at ANITA
journal, February 2019


Characterization of the atmospheric muon flux in IceCube
journal, May 2016


Comprehensive analysis of anomalous ANITA events disfavors a diffuse tau-neutrino flux origin
journal, March 2019


PROPOSAL: A tool for propagation of charged leptons
journal, September 2013

  • Koehne, J. -H.; Frantzen, K.; Schmitz, M.
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 184, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2013.04.001

Energy and flux measurements of ultra-high energy cosmic rays observed during the first ANITA flight
journal, April 2016


Observation of Ultrahigh-Energy Cosmic Rays with the ANITA Balloon-Borne Radio Interferometer
journal, October 2010


Influence of the Earth's Magnetic Field on the Extensive Air Showers
journal, February 1954


Tau neutrino propagation and tau energy loss
journal, July 2005


Constraints on Cosmic Neutrino Fluxes from the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna Experiment
journal, May 2006


Influence of the Earth's Magnetic Field on the Extensive Air Showers
journal, September 1954


The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design
journal, August 2019

  • Álvarez-Muñiz, Jaime; Alves Batista, Rafael; Balagopal V., Aswathi
  • Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy, Vol. 63, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11433-018-9385-7

Upgoing ANITA events as evidence of the CPT symmetric universe
journal, March 2018


Cosmic Rays above the Second Knee from Clusters of Galaxies and Associated High-Energy Neutrino Emission
journal, November 2008

  • Murase, Kohta; Inoue, Susumu; Nagataki, Shigehiro
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 689, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/595882

Tau neutrinos in the Auger Observatory: a new window to UHECR sources
journal, May 2002


On the Normalization of the Cosmic Star Formation History
journal, November 2006

  • Hopkins, Andrew M.; Beacom, John F.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 651, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/506610

The high energy neutrino cross-section in the Standard Model and its uncertainty
journal, August 2011

  • Cooper-Sarkar, Amanda; Mertsch, Philipp; Sarkar, Subir
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2011)042

Erratum: Comprehensive approach to tau-lepton production by high-energy tau neutrinos propagating through the Earth [Phys. Rev. D 97 , 023021 (2018)]
journal, March 2019

  • Alvarez-Muñiz, Jaime; Carvalho, Washington R.; Cummings, Austin L.
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 99, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.99.069902

A comparison study of CORSIKA and COSMOS simulations for extensive air showers
journal, April 2013


Propagation of multi-TeV muons
journal, December 1991


A parametrization of above the resonance region for Q2⪖0
journal, October 1991


Air-shower detection of ultrahigh-energy muons and neutrinos
journal, September 1989


UHE and EHE neutrino induced taus inside the Earth
journal, March 2003


Acceptances for space-based and ground-based fluorescence detectors, and inference of the neutrino-nucleon cross-section above 10 19 eV
journal, April 2006


Earth-skimming UHE tau neutrinos at the fluorescence detector of Pierre Auger Observatory
journal, February 2005


The Parkes quarter-Jansky flat-spectrum sample: III. Space density and evolution of QSOs
journal, April 2005


High Energy Neutrino Cross Sections
journal, June 2005


Ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray spectrum
journal, February 1985


Characteristics of Four Upward-Pointing Cosmic-Ray-like Events Observed with ANITA
journal, August 2016


Limits on the flux of tau neutrinos from 1 PeV to 3 EeV with the MAGIC telescopes
journal, November 2018


Particle astrophysics with high energy neutrinos
journal, July 1995


IceCube: Neutrinos and multimessenger astronomy
journal, November 2017

  • Ahlers, Markus; Halzen, Francis
  • Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1093/ptep/ptx021

Observing the Ultrahigh Energy Universe with OWL Eyes
journal, November 2004


End to the Cosmic-Ray Spectrum?
journal, April 1966


High-resolution terrestrial nightglow emission line atlas from UVES/VLT: Positions, intensities, and identifications for 2808 lines at 314–1043 nm
journal, January 2006

  • Cosby, Philip C.; Sharpee, Brian D.; Slanger, Tom G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012023

High-energy behavior of photon, neutrino, and proton cross sections
journal, October 2015


Implications of a Froissart bound saturation of γ * p deep inelastic scattering. II. Ultrahigh energy neutrino interactions
journal, July 2013


Charged current neutrino cross section and tau energy loss at ultrahigh energies
journal, January 2008


An introduction to PYTHIA 8.2
journal, June 2015

  • Sjöstrand, Torbjörn; Ask, Stefan; Christiansen, Jesper R.
  • Computer Physics Communications, Vol. 191
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.cpc.2015.01.024

Design and initial performance of the Askaryan Radio Array prototype EeV neutrino detector at the South Pole
journal, February 2012


Sterile neutrinos as a possible explanation for the upward air shower events at ANITA
journal, August 2018


Neutrinos from propagation of ultrahigh energy protons
journal, October 2001


A flux-calibrated, high-resolution atlas of optical sky emission from UVES
journal, September 2003


Enhanced signal of astrophysical tau neutrinos propagating through Earth
journal, July 2002


Probing the GZK barrier with UHE tau neutrinos
journal, July 2002


Unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals
journal, April 1998


Testing the newborn pulsar origin of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays with EeV neutrinos
journal, November 2014


Studies of an air-shower imaging system for the detection of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos
journal, April 2019


The Parkes quarter-Jansky flat-spectrum sample: 2. New optical spectra and redshift measurements
journal, February 2003


A Combined Maximum-Likelihood Analysis of the High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrino Flux Measured with IceCube
text, January 2015

  • Aartsen, M. G.; Abraham, K.; Ackermann, M.
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2016-00281

Detection of a particle shower at the Glashow resonance with IceCube
journal, March 2021


Review of Particle Physics
text, January 2008


Supersymmetric sphaleron configurations as the origin of the perplexing ANITA events
text, January 2019


Introduction to Experimental Particle Physics
journal, March 1987


Evidence for High-Energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector
text, January 2013


Characterization of the Atmospheric Muon Flux in IceCube
text, January 2016

  • Aartsen, M. G.; Abraham, K.; Ackermann, M.
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2016-00599

Differential limit on the extremely-high-energy cosmic neutrino flux in the presence of astrophysical background from nine years of IceCube data
text, January 2018

  • Aartsen, M. G.; Ackermann, Markus; Adams, J.
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-03721

Review of Particle Physics
text, January 2018


Review of Particle Physics
text, January 2012

  • Beringer, J.; Arguin, J.; Barnett, R.
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/phppubdb-24149

Limits on the flux of tau neutrinos from 1 PeV to 3 EeV with the MAGIC telescopes
text, January 2018

  • Ahnen, M. L.; Ansoldi, S.; Antonelli, L. A.
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
  • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2018-02321

Charged Current Neutrino Cross Section and Tau Energy Loss at Ultra-High Energies
text, January 2007


Quark mass effects in high energy neutrino nucleon scattering
text, January 2010


The high energy neutrino cross-section in the Standard Model and its uncertainty
text, January 2011


PeV neutrinos from the propagation of ultra-high energy cosmic rays
text, January 2012


A comparison study of CORSIKA and COSMOS simulations for extensive air showers
text, January 2013


Evidence for High-Energy Extraterrestrial Neutrinos at the IceCube Detector
text, January 2013


Observation of High-Energy Astrophysical Neutrinos in Three Years of IceCube Data
text, January 2014


Origin of the ankle in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray spectrum and of the extragalactic protons below it
preprint, January 2015


Characteristics of Four Upward-pointing Cosmic-ray-like Events Observed with ANITA
text, January 2016


Sensitivity of a proposed space-based Cerenkov astrophysical-neutrino telescope (CHANT)
text, January 2016


Tau energy loss and ultrahigh energy skimming tau neutrinos
text, January 2017


Constraints on the diffuse high-energy neutrino flux from the third flight of ANITA
text, January 2018


The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and Design
text, January 2018


Tau Neutrinos in the Auger Observatory : A New Window to UHECR Sources
text, January 2001


UHE and EHE neutrino induced taus inside the Earth
text, January 2002


Observing the Ultrahigh Energy Universe with OWL Eyes
text, January 2004


One-dimensional Hybrid Approach to Extensive Air Shower Simulation
text, January 2006


On the Redshift Distribution of Gamma Ray Bursts in the Swift Era
text, January 2006


Propagation of Muons and Taus at High Energies
text, January 2000


Tau neutrino propagation and tau energy loss
text, January 2005


Neutrino Interactions at Ultrahigh Energies
text, January 1998


Probing Grand Unified Theories with Cosmic Ray, Gamma-Ray and Neutrino Astrophysics
text, January 1998