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Title: Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus

Abstract

We perform a new, detailed calculation of the flux and energy spectrum of Earth-emerging τ-leptons generated from the interactions of tau neutrinos and antineutrinos in the Earth. A layered model of the Earth is used to describe the variable density profile of the Earth. Different assumptions regarding the neutrino charged- and neutral-current cross sections as well as the τ-lepton energy loss models are used to quantify their contributions to the systematic uncertainty. A baseline simulation is then used to generate the optical Cherenkov signal from upward-moving extensive air showers generated by the τ-lepton decay in the atmosphere, applicable to a range of space-based instruments. Here, we use this simulation to determine the neutrino sensitivity for Eν ≳10 PeV for a space-based experiment with performance similar to that for the Probe of Extreme MultiMessenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) mission currently under study.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  2. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States); Univ. of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), Baltimore, MD (United States)
  3. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1595314
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1562562; OSTI ID: 1595306
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010113; 17-APRA17-0066; NNX17AJ82G
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Neutrino interactions; Particle astrophysics

Citation Formats

Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., and Venters, Tonia M. Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010.
Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., & Venters, Tonia M. Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010.
Reno, Mary Hall, Krizmanic, John F., and Venters, Tonia M. Wed . "Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010.
@article{osti_1595314,
title = {Cosmic tau neutrino detection via Cherenkov signals from air showers from Earth-emerging taus},
author = {Reno, Mary Hall and Krizmanic, John F. and Venters, Tonia M.},
abstractNote = {We perform a new, detailed calculation of the flux and energy spectrum of Earth-emerging τ-leptons generated from the interactions of tau neutrinos and antineutrinos in the Earth. A layered model of the Earth is used to describe the variable density profile of the Earth. Different assumptions regarding the neutrino charged- and neutral-current cross sections as well as the τ-lepton energy loss models are used to quantify their contributions to the systematic uncertainty. A baseline simulation is then used to generate the optical Cherenkov signal from upward-moving extensive air showers generated by the τ-lepton decay in the atmosphere, applicable to a range of space-based instruments. Here, we use this simulation to determine the neutrino sensitivity for Eν ≳10 PeV for a space-based experiment with performance similar to that for the Probe of Extreme MultiMessenger Astrophysics (POEMMA) mission currently under study.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.063010},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 6,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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