skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Searching for new spin-dependent interactions with SmCo 5 spin sources and a spin-exchange-relaxation-free comagnetometer

Abstract

We propose a novel method to search for possible new macroscale spin- and/or velocity-dependent forces (SVDFs) based on specially designed SmCo5 spin sources and a spin exchange relaxation-free (SERF) comagnetometer. A simulation shows that, by covering a SmCo5 permanent magnet with a layer of pure iron, a high net spin density source of about $$1×10^{22}/cm^3$$ could be obtained. Taking advantages of the high spin density of this iron-shielded SmCo5 and the high sensitivity of the SERF, the proposed method could set up new limits of greater than 10 orders of magnitude more sensitive than those from previous experiments or proposals in exploring SVDFs in force ranges larger than 1 cm.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China)
  3. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China); Kunshan Univ., Kunshan (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1595186
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1351687
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-03ER41231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Axions; Particle dark matter; Weakly interacting massive particles; Hypothetical scalars; Magnetization measurements

Citation Formats

Ji, W., Fu, C. B., and Gao, H. Searching for new spin-dependent interactions with SmCo5 spin sources and a spin-exchange-relaxation-free comagnetometer. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.075014.
Ji, W., Fu, C. B., & Gao, H. Searching for new spin-dependent interactions with SmCo5 spin sources and a spin-exchange-relaxation-free comagnetometer. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.075014.
Ji, W., Fu, C. B., and Gao, H. Thu . "Searching for new spin-dependent interactions with SmCo5 spin sources and a spin-exchange-relaxation-free comagnetometer". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.075014. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1595186.
@article{osti_1595186,
title = {Searching for new spin-dependent interactions with SmCo5 spin sources and a spin-exchange-relaxation-free comagnetometer},
author = {Ji, W. and Fu, C. B. and Gao, H.},
abstractNote = {We propose a novel method to search for possible new macroscale spin- and/or velocity-dependent forces (SVDFs) based on specially designed SmCo5 spin sources and a spin exchange relaxation-free (SERF) comagnetometer. A simulation shows that, by covering a SmCo5 permanent magnet with a layer of pure iron, a high net spin density source of about $1×10^{22}/cm^3$ could be obtained. Taking advantages of the high spin density of this iron-shielded SmCo5 and the high sensitivity of the SERF, the proposed method could set up new limits of greater than 10 orders of magnitude more sensitive than those from previous experiments or proposals in exploring SVDFs in force ranges larger than 1 cm.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.95.075014},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 7,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Axions and the strong C P problem
journal, March 2010


High-Sensitivity Atomic Magnetometer Unaffected by Spin-Exchange Relaxation
journal, September 2002


Improved Constraints on an Axion-Mediated Force
journal, January 2011


New C P -Violation and Preferred-Frame Tests with Polarized Electrons
journal, July 2006


Constraining interactions mediated by axion-like particles with ultracold neutrons
journal, May 2015


Limits on New Long Range Nuclear Spin-Dependent Forces Set with a K He 3 Comagnetometer
journal, December 2009


Constraints on Exotic Dipole-Dipole Couplings between Electrons at the Micrometer Scale
journal, August 2015


Search for an Axionlike Spin Coupling Using a Paramagnetic Salt with a dc SQUID
journal, March 1999


Neutron polarization in polarized He 3 targets
journal, December 1990


Combined Search for Lorentz Violation in Short-Range Gravity
journal, August 2016


Experimental test of equivalence principle with polarized masses
journal, August 1990

  • Ritter, Rogers C.; Goldblum, Charles E.; Ni, Wei-Tou
  • Physical Review D, Vol. 42, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.42.977

THE g-FACTOR AND SURFACE MAGNETIZATION OF PURE IRON ALONG [100] AND [111] DIRECTIONS
journal, February 1971


New Constraints on Short-Range Forces Coupling Mass to Intrinsic Spin
journal, February 2007


Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei
journal, April 1997


Searching for New Spin- and Velocity-Dependent Interactions by Spin Relaxation of Polarized He 3 Gas
journal, October 2015


Constraints on Spin-Dependent Short-Range Interaction between Nucleons
journal, September 2013


Temperature dependence of the samarium magnetic form factor in SmCo 5
journal, March 1979

  • Givord, D.; Laforest, J.; Schweizer, J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue B3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.327141

Parity, Charge Conjugation, and Time Reversal in the Gravitational Interaction
journal, December 1964


Short-Range, Spin-Dependent Interactions of Electrons: A Probe for Exotic Pseudo-Goldstone Bosons
journal, November 2015


Ultrahigh sensitivity magnetic field and magnetization measurements with an atomic magnetometer
journal, October 2010

  • Dang, H. B.; Maloof, A. C.; Romalis, M. V.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 97, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3491215

Prospects for electron spin-dependent short-range force experiments with rare earth iron garnet test masses
journal, June 2014


Models and new phenomenological implications of a class of pseudo-Goldstone bosons
journal, December 1988


Upper limits to submillimetre-range forces from extra space-time dimensions
journal, February 2003

  • Long, Joshua C.; Chan, Hilton W.; Churnside, Allison B.
  • Nature, Vol. 421, Issue 6926
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01432

The Low-Energy Frontier of Particle Physics
journal, November 2010


Search for exotic short-range interactions using paramagnetic insulators
journal, May 2015


Preferential Oxidation of Fe in Permalloy Films
journal, August 1971

  • Bajorek, C. H.; Nicolet, M‐A.; Wilts, C. H.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1653842

Removal of zero-point drift from AB data and the statistical cost
journal, October 2010


Study of structural and ferromagnetic resonance properties of spinel lithium ferrite (LiFe 5 O 8 ) single crystals
journal, June 2015

  • Pachauri, Neha; Khodadadi, Behrouz; Althammer, Matthias
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4922778

Polarized He 3 as a Probe for Short-Range Spin-Dependent Interactions
journal, October 2010


Laboratory search for spin-dependent short-range force from axionlike particles using optically polarized He 3 gas
journal, January 2013


Axinos as dark matter
journal, May 2001


Spin-dependent macroscopic forces from new particle exchange
journal, November 2006


Limits on Exotic Long-Range Spin-Spin Interactions of Electrons
journal, October 2013


Search for macroscopic CP violating forces using a neutron EDM spectrometer
journal, January 2010


Search for Lorentz violation in short-range gravity
journal, May 2015


Using the Earth as a Polarized Electron Source to Search for Long-Range Spin-Spin Interactions
journal, February 2013


Preferred-frame and C P -violation tests with polarized electrons
journal, November 2008


Using Geoelectrons to Search for Velocity-Dependent Spin-Spin Interactions
journal, March 2014


Search for anomalous spin-dependent forces using stored-ion spectroscopy
journal, September 1991


CP Conservation in the Presence of Pseudoparticles
journal, June 1977


Limits on Spin-Mass Couplings within the Axion Window
journal, September 1996


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    New Experimental Limits on Exotic Spin-Spin-Velocity-Dependent Interactions by Using SmCo 5 Spin Sources
    journal, December 2018