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Title: Thermal radiation in systems of many dipoles

Abstract

Systems of many nanoparticles or volume-discretized bodies exhibit collective radiative properties that could be used for enhanced, guided, or tunable thermal radiation. These are commonly treated as assemblies of point dipoles with interactions described by Maxwell's equations and thermal fluctuations correlated by the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Here, we demonstrate the equivalence of different theories for these systems and provide a complete derivation of many-dipole thermal radiation, showing that the correct use of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem depends on the definitions of fluctuating and induced dipole moments. We formulate a method to calculate the diffusive radiative thermal conductivity of arbitrary collections of nanoparticles; this allows the comparison of thermal radiation to other heat-transfer modes and across different material systems. We calculate the radiative thermal conductivity of ordered and disordered arrays of SiC and SiO 2 nanoparticles and show that thermal radiation can significantly contribute to thermal transport in these systems, because packed nanoparticles have low phonon thermal conductivity. Finally, we demonstrate that the radiative heat transfer strongly depends on the materials and geometrical arrangement of the nanoparticle array, and we verify our calculations by comparison to the exact solution for a one-dimensional particle chain.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
  3. Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1594785
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018369; DGE-1650044
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Tervo, Eric, Francoeur, Mathieu, Cola, Baratunde, and Zhang, Zhuomin. Thermal radiation in systems of many dipoles. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.205422.
Tervo, Eric, Francoeur, Mathieu, Cola, Baratunde, & Zhang, Zhuomin. Thermal radiation in systems of many dipoles. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.205422.
Tervo, Eric, Francoeur, Mathieu, Cola, Baratunde, and Zhang, Zhuomin. Thu . "Thermal radiation in systems of many dipoles". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.100.205422.
@article{osti_1594785,
title = {Thermal radiation in systems of many dipoles},
author = {Tervo, Eric and Francoeur, Mathieu and Cola, Baratunde and Zhang, Zhuomin},
abstractNote = {Systems of many nanoparticles or volume-discretized bodies exhibit collective radiative properties that could be used for enhanced, guided, or tunable thermal radiation. These are commonly treated as assemblies of point dipoles with interactions described by Maxwell's equations and thermal fluctuations correlated by the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Here, we demonstrate the equivalence of different theories for these systems and provide a complete derivation of many-dipole thermal radiation, showing that the correct use of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem depends on the definitions of fluctuating and induced dipole moments. We formulate a method to calculate the diffusive radiative thermal conductivity of arbitrary collections of nanoparticles; this allows the comparison of thermal radiation to other heat-transfer modes and across different material systems. We calculate the radiative thermal conductivity of ordered and disordered arrays of SiC and SiO2 nanoparticles and show that thermal radiation can significantly contribute to thermal transport in these systems, because packed nanoparticles have low phonon thermal conductivity. Finally, we demonstrate that the radiative heat transfer strongly depends on the materials and geometrical arrangement of the nanoparticle array, and we verify our calculations by comparison to the exact solution for a one-dimensional particle chain.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.100.205422},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 20,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
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