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Title: The Microphysics of Stratiform Precipitation During OLYMPEX: Compatibility Between Triple–Frequency Radar and Airborne In Situ Observations

Abstract

The link between stratiform precipitation microphysics and multifrequency radar observables is thoroughly investigated by exploiting simultaneous airborne radar and in situ observations collected from two aircraft during the OLYMPEX/RADEX (Olympic Mountain Experiment/Radar Definition Experiment 2015) field campaign. Above the melting level, in situ images and triple-frequency radar signatures both indicate the presence of moderately rimed aggregates. Various mass-size relationships of ice particles and snow scattering databases are used to compute the radar reflectivity from the in situ particle size distribution. At Ku and Ka band, the best agreement with radar observations is found when using the self-similar Rayleigh-Gans approximation for moderately rimed aggregates. AtW band, a direct comparison is challenging because of the non-Rayleigh effects and of the probable attenuation due to ice aggregates and supercooled liquid water between the two aircraft. A variational method enables the retrieval of the full precipitation profile above and below the melting layer, by combining the observations from the three radars. Even with three radar frequencies, the retrieval of rain properties is challenging over land, where the integrated attenuation is not available. Otherwise, retrieved mean volume diameters and water contents of both solid and liquid precipitation are in agreement with in situ observations andmore » indicate local changes of the degree of riming of ice aggregates, on the scale of 5 km. Finally, retrieval results are analyzed to explore the validity of using continuity constraints on the water mass flux and diameter within the melting layer in order to improve retrievals of ice properties.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [7];  [4]; ORCiD logo [7];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom); Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom)
  3. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
  6. Univ. of Cologne (Germany)
  7. National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Leicester (United Kingdom)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); European Space Agency; UK National Center for Earth Observation; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1594462
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0017967; 4000120689/17/NL/IA
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Tridon, Frédéric, Battaglia, Alessandro, Chase, Randy J., Turk, F. Joseph, Leinonen, Jussi, Kneifel, Stefan, Mroz, Kamil, Finlon, Joseph, Bansemer, Aaron, Tanelli, Simone, Heymsfield, Andrew J., and Nesbitt, Stephen W. The Microphysics of Stratiform Precipitation During OLYMPEX: Compatibility Between Triple–Frequency Radar and Airborne In Situ Observations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018JD029858.
Tridon, Frédéric, Battaglia, Alessandro, Chase, Randy J., Turk, F. Joseph, Leinonen, Jussi, Kneifel, Stefan, Mroz, Kamil, Finlon, Joseph, Bansemer, Aaron, Tanelli, Simone, Heymsfield, Andrew J., & Nesbitt, Stephen W. The Microphysics of Stratiform Precipitation During OLYMPEX: Compatibility Between Triple–Frequency Radar and Airborne In Situ Observations. United States. doi:10.1029/2018JD029858.
Tridon, Frédéric, Battaglia, Alessandro, Chase, Randy J., Turk, F. Joseph, Leinonen, Jussi, Kneifel, Stefan, Mroz, Kamil, Finlon, Joseph, Bansemer, Aaron, Tanelli, Simone, Heymsfield, Andrew J., and Nesbitt, Stephen W. Sat . "The Microphysics of Stratiform Precipitation During OLYMPEX: Compatibility Between Triple–Frequency Radar and Airborne In Situ Observations". United States. doi:10.1029/2018JD029858. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1594462.
@article{osti_1594462,
title = {The Microphysics of Stratiform Precipitation During OLYMPEX: Compatibility Between Triple–Frequency Radar and Airborne In Situ Observations},
author = {Tridon, Frédéric and Battaglia, Alessandro and Chase, Randy J. and Turk, F. Joseph and Leinonen, Jussi and Kneifel, Stefan and Mroz, Kamil and Finlon, Joseph and Bansemer, Aaron and Tanelli, Simone and Heymsfield, Andrew J. and Nesbitt, Stephen W.},
abstractNote = {The link between stratiform precipitation microphysics and multifrequency radar observables is thoroughly investigated by exploiting simultaneous airborne radar and in situ observations collected from two aircraft during the OLYMPEX/RADEX (Olympic Mountain Experiment/Radar Definition Experiment 2015) field campaign. Above the melting level, in situ images and triple-frequency radar signatures both indicate the presence of moderately rimed aggregates. Various mass-size relationships of ice particles and snow scattering databases are used to compute the radar reflectivity from the in situ particle size distribution. At Ku and Ka band, the best agreement with radar observations is found when using the self-similar Rayleigh-Gans approximation for moderately rimed aggregates. AtW band, a direct comparison is challenging because of the non-Rayleigh effects and of the probable attenuation due to ice aggregates and supercooled liquid water between the two aircraft. A variational method enables the retrieval of the full precipitation profile above and below the melting layer, by combining the observations from the three radars. Even with three radar frequencies, the retrieval of rain properties is challenging over land, where the integrated attenuation is not available. Otherwise, retrieved mean volume diameters and water contents of both solid and liquid precipitation are in agreement with in situ observations and indicate local changes of the degree of riming of ice aggregates, on the scale of 5 km. Finally, retrieval results are analyzed to explore the validity of using continuity constraints on the water mass flux and diameter within the melting layer in order to improve retrievals of ice properties.},
doi = {10.1029/2018JD029858},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 15,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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