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Title: African biomass burning is a substantial source of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean

Abstract

The deposition of phosphorus (P) from African dust is believed to play an important role in bolstering primary productivity in the Amazon Basin and Tropical Atlantic Ocean (TAO), leading to sequestration of carbon dioxide. However, there are few measurements of African dust in South America that can robustly test this hypothesis and even fewer measurements of soluble P, which is readily available for stimulating primary production in the ocean. To test this hypothesis, we measured total and soluble P in long-range transported aerosols collected in Cayenne, French Guiana, a TAO coastal site located at the northeastern edge of the Amazon. Our measurements confirm that in boreal spring when African dust transport is greatest, dust supplies the majority of P, of which 5% is soluble. In boreal fall, when dust transport is at an annual minimum, we measured unexpectedly high concentrations of soluble P, which we show is associated with the transport of biomass burning (BB) from southern Africa. Integrating our results into a chemical transport model, we show that African BB supplies up to half of the P deposited annually to the Amazon from transported African aerosol. As such, this observational study links P-rich BB aerosols from Africa to enhancedmore » P deposition in the Amazon. Contrary to current thought, we also show that African BB is a more important source of soluble P than dust to the TAO and oceans in the Southern Hemisphere and may be more important for marine productivity, particularly in boreal summer and fall.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Miami, Miami, FL (United States)
  2. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  3. ATMO Guyane, French Guina (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23). Climate and Environmental Sciences Division; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1594085
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0006791]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 116; Journal Issue: 33]; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; dust; biomass burning; phosphorus; Atlantic Ocean; Amazon Basin

Citation Formats

Barkley, Anne E., Prospero, Joseph M., Mahowald, Natalie, Hamilton, Douglas S., Popendorf, Kimberly J., Oehlert, Amanda M., Pourmand, Ali, Gatineau, Alexandre, Panechou-Pulcherie, Kathy, Blackwelder, Patricia, and Gaston, Cassandra J. African biomass burning is a substantial source of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1906091116.
Barkley, Anne E., Prospero, Joseph M., Mahowald, Natalie, Hamilton, Douglas S., Popendorf, Kimberly J., Oehlert, Amanda M., Pourmand, Ali, Gatineau, Alexandre, Panechou-Pulcherie, Kathy, Blackwelder, Patricia, & Gaston, Cassandra J. African biomass burning is a substantial source of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1906091116.
Barkley, Anne E., Prospero, Joseph M., Mahowald, Natalie, Hamilton, Douglas S., Popendorf, Kimberly J., Oehlert, Amanda M., Pourmand, Ali, Gatineau, Alexandre, Panechou-Pulcherie, Kathy, Blackwelder, Patricia, and Gaston, Cassandra J. Mon . "African biomass burning is a substantial source of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1906091116.
@article{osti_1594085,
title = {African biomass burning is a substantial source of phosphorus deposition to the Amazon, Tropical Atlantic Ocean, and Southern Ocean},
author = {Barkley, Anne E. and Prospero, Joseph M. and Mahowald, Natalie and Hamilton, Douglas S. and Popendorf, Kimberly J. and Oehlert, Amanda M. and Pourmand, Ali and Gatineau, Alexandre and Panechou-Pulcherie, Kathy and Blackwelder, Patricia and Gaston, Cassandra J.},
abstractNote = {The deposition of phosphorus (P) from African dust is believed to play an important role in bolstering primary productivity in the Amazon Basin and Tropical Atlantic Ocean (TAO), leading to sequestration of carbon dioxide. However, there are few measurements of African dust in South America that can robustly test this hypothesis and even fewer measurements of soluble P, which is readily available for stimulating primary production in the ocean. To test this hypothesis, we measured total and soluble P in long-range transported aerosols collected in Cayenne, French Guiana, a TAO coastal site located at the northeastern edge of the Amazon. Our measurements confirm that in boreal spring when African dust transport is greatest, dust supplies the majority of P, of which 5% is soluble. In boreal fall, when dust transport is at an annual minimum, we measured unexpectedly high concentrations of soluble P, which we show is associated with the transport of biomass burning (BB) from southern Africa. Integrating our results into a chemical transport model, we show that African BB supplies up to half of the P deposited annually to the Amazon from transported African aerosol. As such, this observational study links P-rich BB aerosols from Africa to enhanced P deposition in the Amazon. Contrary to current thought, we also show that African BB is a more important source of soluble P than dust to the TAO and oceans in the Southern Hemisphere and may be more important for marine productivity, particularly in boreal summer and fall.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1906091116},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = [33],
volume = [116],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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