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Title: Good Practice for Safe Handling of Lithium Metal Anode and High Energy Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries

Abstract

High-energy rechargeable lithium metal batteries have been intensively revisited in recent years. As more researchers start to use pouch cell as the platform to study the fundamentals at relevant scales, safe testing and handling of high-energy lithium metal batteries becomes critical but has not been well discussed so far. Cautions and safety procedures need to be taken when handling cycled pouch cells with pulverized lithium particles inside. From cell design, electrode preparation, cell fabrication to testing procedure, this work discusses all possible root causes that may initiate cell internal shorting and raise safety concerns. Safe transfer and disposal of cycled pouch cells are also discussed. The insights provided in this article are also applicable for the research on high-energy lithium-ion batteries to inspire more safety strategies to accelerate research innovation by using large-format batteries as the testing vehicle and conduct the research safely.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); VNU HCM-Univ. of Science, Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  4. Binghamton Univ., NY (United States)
  5. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1593897
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1597801
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-19-55309-Rev000; PNNL-SA-145180
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC07-05ID14517; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 166; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; battery; safety; Li handling

Citation Formats

Wu, Bingbin, Yang, Yang, Liu, Dianying, Niu, Chaojiang, Gross, Mark, Seymore, Lorraine, Lee, Hongkyung, Le, Phung M.L., Vo, Thanh D., Deng, Zhiqun Daniel, Dufek, Eric J, Whittingham, M. Stanley, Liu, Jun, and Xiao, Jie. Good Practice for Safe Handling of Lithium Metal Anode and High Energy Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0691916jes.
Wu, Bingbin, Yang, Yang, Liu, Dianying, Niu, Chaojiang, Gross, Mark, Seymore, Lorraine, Lee, Hongkyung, Le, Phung M.L., Vo, Thanh D., Deng, Zhiqun Daniel, Dufek, Eric J, Whittingham, M. Stanley, Liu, Jun, & Xiao, Jie. Good Practice for Safe Handling of Lithium Metal Anode and High Energy Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0691916jes
Wu, Bingbin, Yang, Yang, Liu, Dianying, Niu, Chaojiang, Gross, Mark, Seymore, Lorraine, Lee, Hongkyung, Le, Phung M.L., Vo, Thanh D., Deng, Zhiqun Daniel, Dufek, Eric J, Whittingham, M. Stanley, Liu, Jun, and Xiao, Jie. Mon . "Good Practice for Safe Handling of Lithium Metal Anode and High Energy Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0691916jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1593897.
@article{osti_1593897,
title = {Good Practice for Safe Handling of Lithium Metal Anode and High Energy Rechargeable Lithium Metal Batteries},
author = {Wu, Bingbin and Yang, Yang and Liu, Dianying and Niu, Chaojiang and Gross, Mark and Seymore, Lorraine and Lee, Hongkyung and Le, Phung M.L. and Vo, Thanh D. and Deng, Zhiqun Daniel and Dufek, Eric J and Whittingham, M. Stanley and Liu, Jun and Xiao, Jie},
abstractNote = {High-energy rechargeable lithium metal batteries have been intensively revisited in recent years. As more researchers start to use pouch cell as the platform to study the fundamentals at relevant scales, safe testing and handling of high-energy lithium metal batteries becomes critical but has not been well discussed so far. Cautions and safety procedures need to be taken when handling cycled pouch cells with pulverized lithium particles inside. From cell design, electrode preparation, cell fabrication to testing procedure, this work discusses all possible root causes that may initiate cell internal shorting and raise safety concerns. Safe transfer and disposal of cycled pouch cells are also discussed. The insights provided in this article are also applicable for the research on high-energy lithium-ion batteries to inspire more safety strategies to accelerate research innovation by using large-format batteries as the testing vehicle and conduct the research safely.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0691916jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 16,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Perspective on Commercial Li-ion Battery Testing, Best Practices for Simple and Effective Protocols
    journal, January 2020