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Title: A Versatile Thin-Film Deposition Method for Multidimensional Semiconducting Bismuth Halides

Abstract

Despite the significant progress in fabricating hybrid organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite solar cells, their toxicity and low stability remain as major drawbacks, thereby hindering large-scale commercialization. Given the isoelectronic nature of lead(II) and bismuth(III) ions, potentially stable and non-toxic alternatives for efficient light absorption in thin-film photovoltaic (PV) devices may be found among bismuth-based halide semiconductors. However, high-quality polycrystalline films of many of these systems have not been demonstrated. In this work, we present a versatile and facile two-step co-evaporation approach to fabricate A 3Bi 2I 9 (A = Cs, Rb) and AgBi 2I 7 polycrystalline films with smooth, pin-hole-free morphology and average grain size of > 200 nm. The process involves an initial two-source evaporation step (involving CsI, RbI or AgI, and BiI 3 sources), followed by an annealing step under BiI3 vapor. The structural, optical and electrical characteristics of the resulting thin films are studied by X-ray diffraction, optical spectroscopy, X-ray/UV photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [4];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7]
  1. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science; Univ. of Duisburg-Essen (Germany). Inst. for Materials Science and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE)
  2. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science
  3. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science; Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Atmospheric Science
  4. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  5. Dalhousie Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Atmospheric Science
  6. Univ. of Duisburg-Essen (Germany). Inst. for Materials Science and Center for Nanointegration Duisburg-Essen (CENIDE)
  7. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States); Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); National Science Foundation (NSF); Leitmarktwettbewerb NRW (European Union); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
OSTI Identifier:
1593836
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0006712; DMR-1709294; EFRE-0800120; NW-1-1-040h; RGPIN-298170- 2014; ECCS-1542015
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Khazaee, Maryam, Sardashti, Kasra, Sun, Jon-Paul, Zhou, Hanhan, Clegg, Charlotte, Hill, Ian G., Jones, Jacob L., Lupascu, Doru C., and Mitzi, David B. A Versatile Thin-Film Deposition Method for Multidimensional Semiconducting Bismuth Halides. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01341.
Khazaee, Maryam, Sardashti, Kasra, Sun, Jon-Paul, Zhou, Hanhan, Clegg, Charlotte, Hill, Ian G., Jones, Jacob L., Lupascu, Doru C., & Mitzi, David B. A Versatile Thin-Film Deposition Method for Multidimensional Semiconducting Bismuth Halides. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01341.
Khazaee, Maryam, Sardashti, Kasra, Sun, Jon-Paul, Zhou, Hanhan, Clegg, Charlotte, Hill, Ian G., Jones, Jacob L., Lupascu, Doru C., and Mitzi, David B. Mon . "A Versatile Thin-Film Deposition Method for Multidimensional Semiconducting Bismuth Halides". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01341. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1593836.
@article{osti_1593836,
title = {A Versatile Thin-Film Deposition Method for Multidimensional Semiconducting Bismuth Halides},
author = {Khazaee, Maryam and Sardashti, Kasra and Sun, Jon-Paul and Zhou, Hanhan and Clegg, Charlotte and Hill, Ian G. and Jones, Jacob L. and Lupascu, Doru C. and Mitzi, David B.},
abstractNote = {Despite the significant progress in fabricating hybrid organic-inorganic lead halide perovskite solar cells, their toxicity and low stability remain as major drawbacks, thereby hindering large-scale commercialization. Given the isoelectronic nature of lead(II) and bismuth(III) ions, potentially stable and non-toxic alternatives for efficient light absorption in thin-film photovoltaic (PV) devices may be found among bismuth-based halide semiconductors. However, high-quality polycrystalline films of many of these systems have not been demonstrated. In this work, we present a versatile and facile two-step co-evaporation approach to fabricate A3Bi2I9 (A = Cs, Rb) and AgBi2I7 polycrystalline films with smooth, pin-hole-free morphology and average grain size of > 200 nm. The process involves an initial two-source evaporation step (involving CsI, RbI or AgI, and BiI3 sources), followed by an annealing step under BiI3 vapor. The structural, optical and electrical characteristics of the resulting thin films are studied by X-ray diffraction, optical spectroscopy, X-ray/UV photoelectron spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01341},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 10,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Potential Substitutes for Replacement of Lead in Perovskite Solar Cells: A Review
journal, July 2019

  • Kour, Ravinder; Arya, Sandeep; Verma, Sonali
  • Global Challenges, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/gch2.201900050