skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on February 1, 2021

Title: Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of erasure with superconducting flux logic

Abstract

We implement a thermal-fluctuation driven logical bit reset on a superconducting flux logic cell. We show that the logical state of the system can be continuously monitored with only a small perturbation to the thermally activated dynamics at 500 mK. We use the trajectory information to derive a single-shot estimate of the work performed on the system per logical cycle. We acquire a sample of 105 erasure trajectories per protocol, and show that the work histograms agree with both microscopic theory and global fluctuation theorems. The results demonstrate how to design and diagnose complex, high-speed, and thermodynamically efficient computing using superconducting technology.

Authors:
ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (SC-21)
OSTI Identifier:
1593261
Report Number(s):
[BNL-212429-2019-JAAM]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2643-1564]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0012704]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Research (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Physical Review Research (Online); Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1]; Journal ID: ISSN 2643-1564
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING

Citation Formats

Saira, Olli. Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of erasure with superconducting flux logic. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013249.
Saira, Olli. Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of erasure with superconducting flux logic. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013249.
Saira, Olli. Sat . "Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of erasure with superconducting flux logic". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013249.
@article{osti_1593261,
title = {Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of erasure with superconducting flux logic},
author = {Saira, Olli},
abstractNote = {We implement a thermal-fluctuation driven logical bit reset on a superconducting flux logic cell. We show that the logical state of the system can be continuously monitored with only a small perturbation to the thermally activated dynamics at 500 mK. We use the trajectory information to derive a single-shot estimate of the work performed on the system per logical cycle. We acquire a sample of 105 erasure trajectories per protocol, and show that the work histograms agree with both microscopic theory and global fluctuation theorems. The results demonstrate how to design and diagnose complex, high-speed, and thermodynamically efficient computing using superconducting technology.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013249},
journal = {Physical Review Research (Online)},
number = [1],
volume = [2],
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on February 1, 2021
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ultimate physical limits to computation
journal, August 2000


Irreversibility and Heat Generation in the Computing Process
journal, July 1961

  • Landauer, R.
  • IBM Journal of Research and Development, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1147/rd.53.0183

Experimental verification of Landauer’s principle linking information and thermodynamics
journal, March 2012

  • Bérut, Antoine; Arakelyan, Artak; Petrosyan, Artyom
  • Nature, Vol. 483, Issue 7388
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10872

High-Precision Test of Landauer’s Principle in a Feedback Trap
journal, November 2014


Experimental test of Landauer’s principle in single-bit operations on nanomagnetic memory bits
journal, March 2016


Quantum Landauer erasure with a molecular nanomagnet
journal, March 2018


Single-Atom Demonstration of the Quantum Landauer Principle
journal, May 2018


Equilibrium free energy measurement of a confined electron driven out of equilibrium
journal, January 2016


A Cost/Speed/Reliability Tradeoff to Erasing
journal, April 2016


Nonequilibrium Equality for Free Energy Differences
journal, April 1997


Entropy production fluctuation theorem and the nonequilibrium work relation for free energy differences
journal, September 1999


Experimental Demonstration of Violations of the Second Law of Thermodynamics for Small Systems and Short Time Scales
journal, July 2002


An experimental test of the Jarzynski equality in a mechanical experiment
journal, June 2005


Nonequilibrium fluctuations in a resistor
journal, June 2005


Thermodynamics of a Colloidal Particle in a Time-Dependent Nonharmonic Potential
journal, February 2006


Test of the Jarzynski and Crooks Fluctuation Relations in an Electronic System
journal, October 2012


Coherent Quantum Dynamics of a Superconducting Flux Qubit
journal, February 2003


Observing a quantum Maxwell demon at work
journal, July 2017

  • Cottet, Nathanaël; Jezouin, Sébastien; Bretheau, Landry
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1704827114

Information-to-work conversion by Maxwell’s demon in a superconducting circuit quantum electrodynamical system
journal, March 2018


Observation of topological phenomena in a programmable lattice of 1,800 qubits
journal, August 2018


Phase transitions in a programmable quantum spin glass simulator
journal, July 2018


NIST 10 V Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard System
journal, July 2011

  • Burroughs, Charles J.; Dresselhaus, Paul D.; Rufenacht, Alain
  • IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, Vol. 60, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/TIM.2010.2101191

Zero Static Power Dissipation Biasing of RSFQ Circuits
journal, June 2011

  • Kirichenko, D. E.; Sarwana, S.; Kirichenko, A. F.
  • IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TASC.2010.2098432

Evidence for quantum annealing with more than one hundred qubits
journal, February 2014

  • Boixo, Sergio; Rønnow, Troels F.; Isakov, Sergei V.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2900

Microwave-Induced Cooling of a Superconducting Qubit
journal, December 2006


Microwave Surface Resistance of Superconducting Niobium
journal, August 1968

  • Turneaure, J. P.; Weissman, Ira
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 39, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1656986

Planar superconducting resonators with internal quality factors above one million
journal, March 2012

  • Megrant, A.; Neill, C.; Barends, R.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 100, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3693409

Thermal activation in a two-dimensional potential
journal, October 1989


Effect of a two-dimensional potential on the rate of thermally induced escape over the potential barrier
journal, September 1992


Experimental demonstration of a robust and scalable flux qubit
journal, April 2010


Quantitative Study of Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling in a dc SQUID: A System with Two Degrees of Freedom
journal, August 2002


Escape dynamics in moderately damped Josephson junctions (Review Article)
journal, April 2012

  • Massarotti, D.; Longobardi, L.; Galletti, L.
  • Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3699625

Maxwell Demon Dynamics: Deterministic Chaos, the Szilard Map, and the Intelligence of Thermodynamic Systems
journal, May 2016


Thermodynamics of Modularity: Structural Costs Beyond the Landauer Bound
journal, August 2018

  • Boyd, Alexander B.; Mandal, Dibyendu; Crutchfield, James P.
  • Physical Review X, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.8.031036

Crossover from Thermal Hopping to Quantum Tunneling
journal, November 1984


Quantum Theory of Activated Events in Presence of Long-Time Memory
journal, August 1985


Observation of Resonant Tunneling between Macroscopically Distinct Quantum Levels
journal, August 1995


Transformed dissipation in superconducting quantum circuits
journal, May 2008


Experimental realization of a Szilard engine with a single electron
journal, September 2014

  • Koski, J. V.; Maisi, V. F.; Pekola, J. P.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1406966111

Thermal activation from the fluxoid and the voltage states of dc SQUIDs
journal, November 1983

  • Ben‐Jacob, E.; Bergman, D. J.; Imry, Y.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 54, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.331885

Generating shortcuts to adiabaticity in quantum and classical dynamics
journal, October 2013


Observation of Classical-Quantum Crossover of 1 / f Flux Noise and Its Paramagnetic Temperature Dependence
journal, January 2017


A wideband, low-noise superconducting amplifier with high dynamic range
journal, July 2012

  • Ho Eom, Byeong; Day, Peter K.; LeDuc, Henry G.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2356

Calorimetric measurement of work in a quantum system
journal, November 2013