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Title: Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons

Abstract

By holographic duality, we identify a novel dynamical phase transition which results from the temperature dependence of nonequilibrium dynamics of dark solitons in a superfluid. For a nonequilibrium superfluid system with an initial density of dark solitons, there exists a critical temperature Td, above which the system relaxes to equilibrium by producing sound waves, while below which it goes through an intermediate phase with a finite density of vortex-antivortex pairs. In particular, as Td is approached from below, the density of vortex pairs scales as (Td-T)γ with the critical exponent γ=1/2.

Authors:
; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); China Scholarship Council (CSC)
OSTI Identifier:
1592802
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1619920
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012567
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 124 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Guo, Minyong, Keski-Vakkuri, Esko, Liu, Hong, Tian, Yu, and Zhang, Hongbao. Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601.
Guo, Minyong, Keski-Vakkuri, Esko, Liu, Hong, Tian, Yu, & Zhang, Hongbao. Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601.
Guo, Minyong, Keski-Vakkuri, Esko, Liu, Hong, Tian, Yu, and Zhang, Hongbao. Tue . "Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601.
@article{osti_1592802,
title = {Dynamical Phase Transition from Nonequilibrium Dynamics of Dark Solitons},
author = {Guo, Minyong and Keski-Vakkuri, Esko and Liu, Hong and Tian, Yu and Zhang, Hongbao},
abstractNote = {By holographic duality, we identify a novel dynamical phase transition which results from the temperature dependence of nonequilibrium dynamics of dark solitons in a superfluid. For a nonequilibrium superfluid system with an initial density of dark solitons, there exists a critical temperature Td, above which the system relaxes to equilibrium by producing sound waves, while below which it goes through an intermediate phase with a finite density of vortex-antivortex pairs. In particular, as Td is approached from below, the density of vortex pairs scales as (Td-T)γ with the critical exponent γ=1/2.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.031601

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Cited by: 2 works
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